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Leaders of Renaissance in Kerala: Sree Narayana Guru (1856-1928)

Leaders of Renaissance in Kerala: Sree Narayana Guru - PSC Questions and Answers

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Leaders of Renaissance in Kerala - Sree Narayana Guru (1856-1928)

1. Sree Narayana Guru is regarded as the father of the renaissance of Kerala.

2. He belonged to the Ezhava community and it was an era in which Ezhavas were facing many social injustices in the caste-ridden Kerala society.

3. Sree Narayana Guru is regarded as the greatest Keralite of the 20th century.

4. He was the first Keralite to be appeared on an Indian stamp and also the first Keralite to be inscribed on a coin of RBI.

5. He is the only Keralite whose birthday and death anniversary are declared holidays by the Government of Kerala.

6. He was the only person who was exempted from court appearances in civil cases by the Government of Travancore.

7. He was born at Chempazhanthi in Thiruvananthapuram district on 20th August 1856 (Chathayam of Chingam month).

8. His father was Madan Asan, a farmer and his mother were Kutty Amma.

9. His house name was ‘Vayalvaram Veedu’. The boy was named Narayanan and was dotingly called Nanu.

10. Nanu joined a nearby school for formal education. He was also tuition by his father and uncle in Tamil, Sanskrit, and other traditional subjects.

11. He had his higher studies at Varanapally by Kummampalli Raman Pillai  Asan.

12. He showed a strong affinity for poetics and reasoning, composing hymns and singing them in praise of God.

13. His mother passed away when he was 15. Nanu spent most part of his early youth assisting his father in tutoring, and his uncle in the practice of Ayurveda, while devoting the rest of his time to devotional practices at the temples nearby.

14. After his studies he also began teaching in a nearby school. His knowledge earned him the respect of many and he came to be known as “Nanu Asan”.

15. His friendship with Chattambi Swamikal started in 1884. Thycaud Ayyaswami, who was the Guru of Chan initiated Yoga in Nanu.

16. Later he went to Maruthwamala in search of the ultimate truth and spent 8 years of solitary life. Here, the Narayana guru is believed to have attained a state of Enlightenment.

17. In 1888, he installed an idol of Shiva at Aruvippuram on the banks of the Neyyar river.

18. As only Brahmins had ever installed an idol, that event was dubbed the ‘Aruvippuram revolution’. When Brahmins challenged his right to consecrate, he replied in his famous quote “I installed my Siva; not a Brahmin Siva”.

19. At Aruvippuram these words were inscribed on a plaque “Without differences of caste, Nor enmities of creed, Here it is, the model of an abode, where all live like brothers at heart”.

20. In 1891 Kumaranasan (then Kumaru)  met Guru.

21. Sree Narayana Guru was appointed as the first president of SNDP Yogam founded in 1903 with the initiative of Dr Palpu.

22. A new phase began in the Guru’s life in 1904. He decided to give up his wandering life and settle down at Sivagiri, about 32 km north of Thiruvananthapuram. The name ‘Sivagiri’ was given by Guru.

23. In 1905 he organised the first agricultural and industrial exhibition in India, at Kollam

24. He established many temples in different parts of Kerala.  After travelling to many places in South India and establishing temples, he did the Prathishta of the goddess Sree Sarada at Sivagiri in April 1912.

25. In 1914 he established Adwaithasramam at Aluva (Ernakulam district).

26. In 1916 he met Ramana Maharshi at Thiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu.

27. Guru made his first visit to Sri Lanka in 1918. It is the only foreign country visited by him.

28. Rabindranath Tagore visited Sree Narayana Guru at Sivagiri in 1922.

29. Tagore recorded after his visit to Sivagiri, ‘I have been touring different parts of the world. During these travels, I have had the good fortune to come into contact with several saints and Maharshi's. But I have frankly to admit that I have never come across one who is spiritually greater than Swami Sree Narayana Guru of Kerala — nay, a person who is on par with him in spiritual attainments. I am sure I shall never forget that radiant face, illumined by the self-effulgent light of divine glory and those yogic eyes fixing their gaze on a remote point on a far-away horizon.’

30. Guru provided leadership to the ‘Sarva Matha Sammelanam’ held at Aluva in 1924.

31. The theme of the conference was “Not for argument but to know and inform others”. He visited the Satyagrahis at Vaikkom in 1924.

32. When Gandhiji visited Kerala in connection with Vaikom Satyagraha in 1925, he also visited Guru.

33. Mahathma Gandhi wrote in the guest book at Sivagiri,  “I consider it the greatest good fortune of my life to have visited the beautiful Travancore state and met the most venerable saint, Sree Narayana Guru Swami Trippadangal”.

34. Guru’s second visit to Sri Lanka was in 1926.

35. Sree Narayana Dharma Sangham was registered in 1928. Guru attained samadhi on 20th September 1928 (5 of Kanni month of Kollam Era).

36. The slogan popularised by Sree Narayana Guru-” One caste, one religion and one God for mankind.”.

37. He also exhorted “ Liquor is poison, make it not, sell it not, drink it not”.

38. “Organize and strengthen, Educate and Enlighten” was also the advice of the Guru.

39. He taught “ Whatever may be the religion of a man, it is enough if he becomes virtuous “, “Ask not, Say not, think not caste”, and “ Act that one performs for one’s sake should also benefit others “.

40. The novel ‘Guru’ by K.Surendran depicts the life of Sree Narayana Guru.

41. The film ‘Yugapurushan’ directed by R.Sukumaran is based on the life of Guru.

42. Sivalinga Swamikal was the first Sanyasa disciple of Guru. In 1925 he appointed Bodhananda Swamikal as next of kin.

43. Anandatheertha Swamikal was his last Sanyasa disciple.

44. The first work of Sree Narayana Guru is Gajendramoksham Vanchipattu. His other famous works  are Atmopadeshasatakam, Darshanamala, Daiva Dasakam, Nirvritipachakam,Janani Navaratna Manjari etc.

45. Sivagiri pilgrimage, now known as Sivagiri Theerthadanam, was conceived by Vallabhasseri Govindan Vaidyar and T K Kittan Writer. It was duly approved by Gurudevan in January 1928.

Sree Narayana Guru Questions and Answers

1. Who is known as the “Father of Kerala Renaissance”?
Answer: Sree Narayana Guru

2. Sree Narayana Guru was born on ?
Answer: 20th August 1856

3. House name of Sree Narayana Guru?
Answer: Vayalvarathu Veedu

4. The Place where Sree Narayana Guru was born?
Answer: Chempazhanthy (Thiruvananthapuram)

5. Sree Narayana guru’s father's name?
Answer: Madan Assan

6. Sree Narayana Guru’s mother's name?
Answer: Kuttiyamma

7. Sree Narayana Guru’s wife's Name?
Answer: Kaliyamma

8. Childhood name of Sree Narayana Guru?
Answer: Narayanan

9. Sree Narayana Guru was the discipline of?
Answer: Kunnampalli Raman Pillai Assan and Thycadu Ayya

10. The Yoga guru of Sree Narayana Guru ?
Answer: Thycadu Ayya

11. Sree Narayana Guru learned Hadayoga Vidya from?
Answer: Thycadu Ayya

12. The place where Sree Narayana Guru started a school?
Answer: Anchuthengu (1881)

13. The place where Sree Narayana Guru get enlightenment?
Answer: Pillathadam cave (in Maruthwamala)

14. Maruthwamala is situated in?
Answer: Kanyakumari (Tamilnadu)

15. Sree Narayana Guru is also known as?
Answer: Nanu Assan

16. The year which Sree Narayana Guru met Chattambi Swami?
Answer: 1882(Anniyoor Temple)

17. The first temple consecrated by Sree Narayana Guru in?
Answer: Aruvippuram (1888)

18. Who is known as “Buddha of Kerala”
Answer: Sree Narayana guru

19. International Center for Sree Narayan Guru studies situated in
Answer: Navi Mumbai (Maharashtra)

20. The first work of Sree Narayana Guru?
Answer: Gajendramoksham Vanchipattu

21. Sree Narayana Guru dedicated his book “Gajendramoksham Vanchipattu” to ?
Answer: Chattambi Swami

22. The year which Kumaranasan met Sree Narayana Guru ?
Answer: 1891(Kayikkara)

23. The year in which Dr Palpu met Sree Narayana Guru?
Answer: 1895 (Bangalore)

24. The book which included the lines in the Aruvippuram temple?
Answer: Jathi Nirnayam

25. Dr Palpu called Sree Narayana Guru?
Answer: Periya Swami

26. Dr.Palpu called kumaranasan as ?
Answer: Chinna Swami

27. Aruvippuram temple society was formed in?
Answer: 1898

28. SNDP Yogam was founded on?
Answer: 15th May 1903

29. Which organization was considered the predecessor of SNDP?
Answer: Vavoottu Yogam

30. Full form of SNDP?
Answer: Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana Yogam

31. The first and Permanent President of SNDP?
Answer: Sree Narayana Guru

32. Headquarters of SNDP situated in?
Answer: Kollam

33. The first Vice President of SNDP?
Answer: Dr Palpu

34. The first General Secretary of SNDP?
Answer: Kumaranasan

35. The mouthpiece of SNDP?
Answer: Vivekodayam

36. The year in which SNDP published Vivekodayam?
Answer: 1904

37. The first editor of Vivekodayam?
Answer: Kumaranasan

38. The official editor of Vivekodayam?
Answer: M. Govindan

39. At present the mouthpiece of SNDP?
Answer: Yoganadam

40. Shivagiri Mutt at Varkala was established on?
Answer: 1904

41. Which year was the temple of Sarada consecrated by the Sree Narayana Guru?
Answer: 1912 (Sivagiri)

42. Advaitha Ashramam at Aluva was established on?
Answer: 1913

43. The motto of Aluva Advaitha Ashramam?
Answer: Om Sahodaryam Sarvatra

44. Sree Narayana Guru founded Sanskrit School at Aluva in?
Answer: 1916

45. The year which Sree Narayana Guru conducted all religious conferences at the Aluva Advaitha Ashramam?
Answer: 1924

46. The chairman of All religious conferences?
Answer: Justice Sivadasa Iyer

47. Theme of All religious conferences?

48. Ayyankali met Sree Narayana Guru in ?
Answer: 1912(Balaramapuram)

49. Vagbhadanathan met Sree Narayana Guru in ?
Answer: 1914

50. Sree Narayana Guru met Ramana Maharishi in ?
Answer: 1916 (Thiruvannamalai)

51. Sree Narayana Guru visited Srilanka for the first time in?
Answer: 1918

52. Sree Narayana Guru met Tagore in ?
Answer: 1922

53. Who translated the conversation between Tagore and Sree Narayana Guru?
Answer: Kumaranasan

54. Sree Narayana Guru met CF.Andrews in?
Answer: 1922

55. Sree Narayana Guru visited the Vaikom Sathyagrah is in?
Answer: 1924

56. Sree Narayana Guru met Gandhiji in ?
Answer: 1925(Sivagiri)

57. Sree Narayana Guru visited Sri Lanka for the last time?
Answer: 1926

58. The famous Sivagiri Pilgrim Festival was conducted on?
Answer: December 30 to January 1

59. The famous Sivagiri Pilgrim Festival was first conceived by?
Answer: Vallabhasseri Govindan Vaidhyar and T.K.Kittan

60. The first Sivagiri Pilgrimage Group from the village of?
Answer: Elavumthitta (Pathanamthitta)

61. Dress code of Sivagiri Pilgrims are
Answer: Bright Yellow

62. The first Malayali to appear in the Indian postal stamp
Answer: Sree Narayana Guru

63. The first Malayali to appear on the Sri Lankan postal stamp
Answer: Sree Narayana Guru(2009)

64. The only foreign country visited by Sree Narayana Guru
Answer: Sri Lanka

65. The first Malayali to be inscribed on a coin of the Reserve Bank of India
Answer: Sree Narayana Guru

66. Sree Narayana Jayanti Boat race conducted in
Answer: Kumarakam(Kottayam)

67. Sree Narayana Trophy Boat race conducted in
Answer: Kannetti Kayal (Karunagapalli)

68. The temple where Sree Narayana Guru consecrated the first mirror
Answer: Kalavan Code (Om Shanti written on the surface of the mirror)

69. The poet who said that guru was the Second Buddha
Answer: G.Sankara Kurup

70. Who is responsible for the connection between Guru and Swami Vivekananda
Answer: Dr. Palpu

71. Famous Quote of Sree Narayana Guru
One Caste, One Religion, One God for Man
Whichever the religion, it suffices if it makes a better man
Not ask, nit say and not think about caste
Progress through education and strengthen through organization
Liquor is Poison, not make it, not sell it and not drink it

72. Sree Narayana Guru founded Sree Narayana Darma Sangam in
Answer: 1928 January 9

73. Sree Narayana Guru’s last public function was at
Answer: 1927(Kottayam)

74. Sree Narayana Guru attains Samadhi in
Answer: 20 September 1928(white dress)

75. First statute of Sree Narayana Guru is in
Answer: Thalassery Jagannath temple

76. The first Sanyasa disciple of Sree Narayana Guru
Answer: Sivalinga Swamikal

77. The last Sanyasa disciple of Sree Narayana Guru
Answer: Anandatheertha Swamikal

78. The disciple nominated by Sree Narayana Guru as his successor
Answer: Sree Bodhanda Swamikal

79. The first European disciple of Guru
Answer: Ernest Kerk

80. Sree Narayana Dharma Sangam was founded on
Answer: 9th January 1928

81. The famous work of Sree Narayana Guru
Athmopadesa Sathakam(1897)
Gajendramokasham Vanchipattu
Darshana Mala
Daiva Dasakam
Janani Navamanjari
Nirvriti Panchakam
Vedanta Suthram
Kali Natakam
Indriya Vairagyam
Jathi Lakshana
Jathi Mimamsa
Jathi Nirnayam
Kundalini Pattu
Ardhanareeshwara stotram
Siva Sathakam
Kalli Mala
Janani Navaratna Manjari
Sreekrishna Darshanam

82. The lines “Act that one performs for own sake should also aim for the well being of others” are mentioned in
Answer: Athmopadesha Sathakam

83. The founder of Sree Narayana Trust(1952)
Answer: R. Shankar

84. The place where Sree Narayana Trust is situated
Answer: Kollam

85. The book Sree Narayana Dharma written by
Answer: Bodhanda Swamikal

86. Guru’s later literary work Atmopadesa Sathakam written in
Answer: Malayalam

87. The novel Guru is written by
Answer: K.Surendran

88. The book Brahman Sree Narayana Guru
Answer: T. Bhaskaran

89. Who translated the book Brahman Sree Narayana Guru into English
Answer: A.J. Thomas

90. Who translated.The book Brahman Sreenarayana guru into Tamil
Answer: Vijayakumar Kunnissery

91. Who translated the book Brahman Sreenarayanaguru into Hindi
Answer: H. Balasubramaniam

92. The book Narayana Guru Swami has written by
Answer: M.k. Sanu

93. The film Yuga Purushan is directed by
Answer: M. Sukumaran

94. The Actor plays the role of Sreenarayana guru in the film Yuga Purushan
Answer: Thalaivasal Vijay

95. The novel Narayaneeyam was written by
Answer: Perumbadavam Sreedaran

96. The book Guru Deva Karnamritham was written by
Answer: Killimanoor Kesavan

97. The book Yugapiravi was written by
Answer: K.Vasudevan

98. The lines “One Caste, One Religion, One God for Man” are mentioned in
Answer: Jathimemamsa

99. Aruvippuram is situated on the banks of which river?

100. The famous words are inscribed on a plaque at Aruvippuram is?

Guru’s Famous Teachings:

1. -One Jati(Caste) One Matham(Religion), One Daivam(God) for Man

2. -All are of one Self-fraternity Such being the dictum to avow, In such a light how can we take life And devoid of least pity go on to eat.

3. -Ask not, Say not Think not caste. Think only Gods. Acts that one performs For one’s own sake Should also aim for the good Of other men.

4. -Love of others is my happiness, Love that is mine is happy for others. And so, truly, deeds that benefit a man Must be a cause for other’s happiness too.

5. -Grace, Love, Mercy -all the three – Stand for one same reality- Life’s Star. He who loves is who really lives.

6. -Whatever may be the difference in men’s creed, dress, language etc. because they all belong to the same kind of creation, there is no harm at all in their dining together or having marital relations with one another.

7. -Liquor is poison Make it not Sell it not Drink it not.

8. -Devoid of dividing walls Of caste or race Or hatred, We all live here In Brotherhood.

9. -Progress through education. Strengthen through the organisation.

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