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Legal Awareness - Questions & Answers


:- PSC Degree Level Questions and Answers
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PSC Exam Questions and Answers

1. Who was the first Chairman of the National Human Rights Commission?
(a) Js. J.S.Varma (b) Js. A.S.Anand
(c) Js. Rangnath Mishra (d) Js.M.N.Venkitachellayya
Answer: (c)

2. A person who knowingly and voluntarily participates with another in a criminal activity
(a) Accomplice (b) Martinet
(c) Truant (d) Pagan
Answer: (a)

3. Release of an accused on finding that he is not guilty under criminal law:
(a) Summons (b) Acquittal
(c) Prorogue (d) Bail
Answer: (b)

4. The person who makes and subscribes an affidavit.
(a) Defendant (b) Attorney
(c) Affiant (d) None of these
Answer: (c)

5. To take into custody by legal authority.
(a) Arrest (b) Bail     (c) Surrender (d) Elope
Answer: (a)

6. The name of a writ having for its object to bring a person before a court
(a) Mandamus (b) Habeus Corpus
(c) Certiorari (d) None of these
Answer: (b)

7. A voluntary, written, or printed declaration of facts, confirmed by the oath of the party making it before a person with authority to administer the oath
(a) Affidavit   (b) Writ      (c) Summons    (d) Verdict
Answer: (a)

8. The hearing of a dispute by an impartial third person or persons (chosen by the parties), whose award the parties agree to accept.
(a) Court Martial (b) Arbitration
(c) Alteration (d) Alibi
Answer: (b)

9. A foreign-born person who has not qualified as a citizen of the country.
(a) Plaintiff  (b) Alien     (c) Culprit (d) Guarenter
Answer: (b)

10. A private, disinterested person chosen by the parties in arbitration to hear evidence concerning the dispute and to make an award based on the evidence.
(a) Arbitrator   (b) Defendant     (c) Plaintiff   (d) Counsel
Answer: (a)

11. The criminal offence of exhorting money with threats of detrimental action, as such exposure of some misconduct on the part of the victim:
(a) Black Market (b) Blackmail
(c) Kidnap (d) None of these
Answer: (b)

12. An agreement to stop the war:
(a) Guarentee (b) Memorandum
(c) Armistice (d) Amnesty
Answer: (c)

13. Concealing of objects by various means to deceive the enemy about their location and thereby protecting them from air and land attacks:
(a) Sabotage (b) Camouflage
(c) Guerilla warfare (d) None of these
Answer: (b)

14. Enquiry Commissions are appointed under the Commission of Enquiry Act of:
(a) 1952 (b) 1955    (c) 1960 (d) 1962
Answer: (a)

15. Gestapo was the secret police in:
(a) Russia (b) France   (c) Italy (d) Germany
Answer: (d)

16. In which prison the assassin of Mahatma Gandhi was hanged?
(a) Chennai (b) Ambala      (c) Yervada (d) Tihar
Answer: (b)

17. Indian Evidence Act was passed by the British Parliament in:
(a) 1872 (b) 1858    (c) 1861 (d) 1891
Answer: (a)

18. The headquarters of INTERPOL:
(a) London (b) Vienna    (c) Geneva   (d) Lyons
Answer: (d)

19. The Governor-General who organized Police Force in India for the first time:
(a) Dalhousie (b) Rippon
(c) Curzon (d) Cornwallis
Answer: (d)

20. The reduction of a sentence, from death to life imprisonment.
(a) Arbitration (b) Commutation
(c) Attachment (d) Parole 
Answer: (b)

21. Trained IPS Officers will be posted for the first time as:
(a) DSP (b) ASP
(c) DIG (d) Commandant
Answer: (b)

22. The full form of F.I.R.:
(a) First Identification Report
(b) First Information Report
(c) First Inspection Report
(d) First Interrogation Report
Answer: (b)

23. Which one of the following abbreviations is correctly matched?
(a) PoW- Prisoner of War
(b) PoK-Pakistan Occupied Kashmir
(c) MOU- Memorandum of Understanding
(d) All are correct
Answer: (d)

24. The Prime  Minister of India when CBI was created:
(a) Indira Gandhi (b) Rajiv Gandhi
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru (d) None of these
Answer: (c)

25. Which one of the following characters was created by Arthur Conal Doyle?
(a) Mandrake (b) James Bond 007
(c) Sherlock Holmes (d) None of these
Answer: (c)

26. The IPS Cadre is controlled by:
(a) President
(b) Prime Minister
(c) Defence Minister
(d) Home Ministry of Govt of India
Answer: (d)

27. Which is the first country to legalise mercy killing in the entire region:
(a) USA (b) Netherlands
(c) Japan (d) India
Answer: (b)

28. The offence of being disobedient or to be disrespectful of a court of law:
(a) Habeus Corpus (b) Quo Warranto
(c) Contempt of Court (d) Quarantine
Answer: (c)

29. The type of writ petition described as the best assurance for human liberty:
(a) Mandamus (b) Quo Warrnato
(c) Certiorari (d) Habeus Corpus
Answer: (d)

30. Period of compulsory isolation or detention enforced against travellers not
in possession of required health certificates:
(a) Quarentine (b) Curfew
(c) Hibernation (d) Detention
Answer: (a)

31. The social disgrace is abolished by Article 17 of the Constitution:
(a) Dowry (b) Untouchability
(c) Bribe (d) Corrpution
Answer: (b)

32. Regulation enjoining withdrawal of persons from the streets or the closing of
establishments or places of assembly at a stated hour:
(a) Quarentine (b) Curfew
(c) Certiorari (d) Habeus Corpus
Answer: (b)

33. Lie detector is otherwise known as:
(a) Polygraph (b) Kymograph
(c) Black box (d) None of these
Answer: (a)

34. An officer publicly authorised to certify deeds and documents:
(a) Vigilance Officer (b) Attorney General
(c) Notary Public (d) Ombudsman
Answer: (c)

35. Prosecution of very high officials such as president, chief justice etc:
(a) Court Martial (b) Impeachment
(c) Quarentine (d) Armistice
Answer: (b)

36. A proceeding brought to a higher court to review a lower court decision.
(a) Appeal (b) Bail
(c) Allegation (d) Court Martial
Answer: (a)

37. A statement of the issues in a written document (a pleading) which a person is prepared to prove in court.
(a) Plea (b) Alteration
(c) Allegation (d) Bail
Answer: (c)

38. The act of illegal entry with the intent to steal.
(a) Stalemate (b) Immigration
(c) Elopement (d) Burglary
Answer: (d)

39. Capital crime means:
(a) A crime punishable by life imprisonment
(b) A crime punishable by death
(c) A crime punishable by deporting
(d) None of these
Answer: (b)

40. The legal process by which the government takes private land for public
use, paying the owners a fair price.
(a) Attachment (b) Condemnation
(c) Auction (d) None of these
Answer: (b)

41. Taking a person’s property to satisfy a court-ordered debt.
(a) Arbitration (b) Attachment     (c) Bail (d) Trial
Answer: (b)

42. Tear gas is otherwise known as:
(a) Lachrymator (b) Hallucinogen
(c) Analgesic (d) Anaesthetic
Answer: (a)

43. One who applies to the court for legal redress:
(a) Defendant (b) Plaintiff   (c) Counsel (d) Convict
Answer: (b)

44. The Home Minister of India during the demolition of Babri Masjid:
(a) PV Narasimha Rao (b) Manmohan Singh
(c) S.B.Chawan (d) V.P.Singh
Answer: (c)

45. The chemical used by Vigilance authorities to trap corrupted officials:
(a) Potassium permanganate              (b) Phenolphthalein
(c) Chloroacetophenon                         (d) Trichloromethane
Answer: (b)

46. The constitution of which country is known as ‘Lawyer’s Paradise’?
(a) Britain      (b) USA   (c) India      (d) Canada
Answer: (c)

47. The famous Hindi film star Sanjay Dutt was detained under connection with the Mumbai blasts of 1993:
(a) PTA   (b) FERA    (c) TADA   (d) MISA
Answer: (c)

48. The National Human Rights Commission was established in:
(a) 1990   (b) 1991     (c) 1992 (d) 1993
Answer: (d)

49. The principle behind Dactylography (Fingerprinting):
(a) All human beings have fingerprints
(b) Fingerprints are indelible
(c) No two fingerprints are identical
(d) None of these
Answer: (c)

50. Which one of the following chemicals is used as tear gas?
(a) Benzyl chloride                      (b) Trichloromethane
(c) Potassium permanganate  (d) Phenolphthalein
Answer: (a)

51. The first chairman of the National Human Rights Commission:
(a) A.S. Anand (b) Venkitachelliah
(c) Ranganath Mishra (d) None of these
Answer: (c)

52. Which country started the Special Branch of Police for the first time?
(a) England (b) USA
(c) India (d) China
Answer: (a)

53. Borstel Schools are established for offenders below the age of:
(a) 12     (b) 13     (c) 14    (d) 16
Answer: (d)

54. Books banned by the Government are known as:
(a) Black Books (b) Green Books
(c) Red Books (d) Yellow Books
Answer: (c)

55. Who argued for the first time for the inclusion of Fundamental Rights in the Constitution of India?
(a) MK Gandhi           (b) Jawaharlal Nehru
(c) Motilal Nehru    (d) BR Ambedkar
Answer: (c)

56. Who was the exponent of the first Criminal Code in the world?
(a) Hannibal (b) Romulus
(c) Alexander (d) Hammurabi
Answer: (d)

57. CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) is the secret police of:
(a) USA   (b) UK (c) France (d) Russia
Answer: (a)

58. The headquarters of the European Court of Justice:
(a) Geneva (b) London
(c) Luxembourg (d) Hague
Answer: (c)

59. The headquarters of the International Court of Justice:
(a) New York (b) The Hague
(c) Geneva (d) London
Answer: (b)

60. Who introduced the Preventive Detention Bill in Parliament?
(a) JB Kripalani                   (b) BR Ambedkar
(c) Lal Bahadur Shashri   (d) Sardar Patel
Answer: (d)

61. Temporary cessation or suspension of hostilities:
(a) Armistice (b) Curfew
(c) Espionage (d) Quarentine
Answer: (a)
62. The term ‘Modus Operandi’ means:
(a) Method of Operation
(b) Methode of performance
(c) Method of Attack
(d) None of these
Answer: (a)

63. Trial of persons who violated military law:
(a) Court Martial (b) Impeachment
(c) Curfew  (d) Contempt of Court
Answer: (a)

64. The action of digging of a buried dead body for re-postmortem:
(a) Excavation (b) Exhumation
(c) Superimposing (d) None of these
Answer: (b)

65. General pardon is given to offenders:
(a) Armistice (b) Truce
(c) Court Martial (d) Amnesty
Answer: (d)

66. The law which prevents the reproduction of literary or artistic works:
(a) Copyright (b) Patent
(c) Easement (d) None of these
Answer: (a)

67. The responsibility of national defence rests with:
(a) The president  (b) The prime minister
(c) The cabinet  (d) The defence minister
Answer: (c)

68. A judgment of guilt against a criminal defendant.
(a) Order (b) Decree
(c) Conviction (d) None of these
Answer: (c)

69. A tax on the privilege of transferring property to others after a person’s death:
(a) Estate duty (b) Excise duty
(c) Corporate tax (d) None of these
Answer: (a)

70. A writ of review issued by a higher court to a lower court.
(a) Certiorari             (b) Quo warranto
(c) Habeus Corpus  (d) None of these
Answer: (a)

71. An act in violation of the penal laws of a state:
(a) Sedition (b) Crime
(c) Anarchy (d) None of these
Answer: (b)

72. Detaining of a person by lawful process or authority to assure his or her appearance to any hearing:
(a) Parole (b) Custody
(c) Prosecution (d) None of these
Answer: (b)

73. Formal written charge that a person has committed a criminal offence.
(a) Verdict (b) Decree
(c) Complaint (d) None of these
Answer: (c)

74. Persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts:
(a) Alien   (b) Plaintiff      (c) Bankrupt   (d) Intestate
Answer: (c)

75. Rules or laws adopted by an association or corporation to govern its actions.
(a) Bylaws (b) Will
(c) Charter (d) Quorum
Answer: (a)

76. The word ‘Police’ was coined by:
(a) Edgar Hoover (b) Robert Peel
(c) William Bentick (d) O.W.Wilson
Answer: (b)

77. An order issued by a court asking a person to appear before it is called:
(a) Warrant      (b) Writ        (c) Summons        (d) Appeal
Answer: (c)

78. The prime minister of India when RAW (Research and Analysis Wing) was
(a) Indira Gandhi (b) Rajiv Gandhi
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru (d) None of these
Answer: (a)

79. The first person in India who was detained under POTA (Prevention of Terrorist Activities Act):
(a) Sanjaya Dutt                         (b) AK Gopalan
(c) Vaiko (Y. Gopalaswamy)         (d) None of these
Answer: (c)

80. The Executive Magistrate of a district:
(a) RDO     (b) Tahsildar    (c) District Collector (d) DSP
Answer: (c)

81. The Judicial System of India is influenced by:
(a) USA (b) Australia   (c) Japan (d) Canada
Answer: (a)

82. Al-Qaida is a:
(a) Sunni extremist group
(b) Shia extremist group
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of these
Answer: (a)

83. The International Police Commission was set up in:
(a) 1914   (b) 1918    (c) 1923  (d) 1933
Answer: (c)

84. The Criminology Institute under the Home Ministry of India is at:
(a) New Delhi (b) Hyderabad
(c) Chennai (d) Ghaziabad
Answer: (a)

85. The first state in India where a ruling government was dismissed by invoking Article 356 of the Constitution:
(a) Punjab    (b) Andhra      (c) Kerala  (d) PEPSU
Answer: (c)

86. The act of releasing a person under police custody, with some conditions:
(a) Parole     (b) Bail        (c) Trial          (d) None of these
Answer: (b)

87. Pentagon is the defence headquarters of:
(a) UK        (b) USA         (c) Russia        (d) France
Answer: (b)

88. The exponents of the Indian Penal Code:
(a) Indian Law Commission             (b) Constituent Assembly
(c) Cabinet Mission                      (d) None of these
Answer: (a)

89. Who headed the Indian Law Commission?
(a) Thomas Monroe           (b) Jonathan Duncan
(c) Robert Palk            (d) Lord Macaulay
Answer: (d)

90. The first country to organise the modern police force:
(a) England (b) France
(c) USA (d) Russia
Answer: (a)

91. The full form of C.I.D.:
(a) Criminal Information Department
(b) Criminal Identification Department
(c) Criminal Investigation Department
(d) Criminal Interrogation Department
Answer: (c)

92. The first country in the world to start a Finger Print Bureau:
(a) USA         (b) England      (c) India        (d) France
Answer: (c)

93. The country where the system of Ombudsman was started:
(a) Norway      (b) Sweden         (c) Germany             (d) Italy
Answer: (b)

94. The study of lawmaking:
(a) Nomology        (b) Jurisprudence
(c) Penology            (d) Criminology
Answer: (a)

95. An order from the Supreme Court or High Court to restrain a person acting in an office to which he is not entitled:
(a) Habeus Corpus           (b) Certiorari
(c) Quo Warranto             (d) Prohibition
Answer: (c)

96. Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA) was passed by the Parliament in:
(a) 1956   (b) 1971   (c) 1973  (d) 1977
Answer: (b)

97. Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Woman and Girls Act (SITA) was passed by Parliament in:
(a) 1971   (b) 1972    (c) 1956   (d) 1985
Answer: (a)

98. Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smuggling Activities Act (COFEPOSA) was passed by Parliament in:
(a) 1971    (b) 1973   (c) 1975   (d) 1977
Answer: (a)

99. Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act was passed by
Parliament in:
(a) 1985        (b) 1986      (c) 1987 (d) 1988
Answer: (a)

100. The temporary release of prisoners:
(a) Parole             (b) Bail
(c) Summons      (d) None of these
Answer: (a)

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