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Leaders of Renaissance in Kerala -Mannath Padmanabhan (1878-1970)

Leaders of Renaissance in Kerala: Mannath Padmanabhan - PSC Questions and Answers

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Leaders of Renaissance in Kerala - Mannath Padmanabhan (1878-1970)

1. Mannathu Padmanathan was born in Perunna village in Changanassery,
Travancore on 2nd  January 1878 to Eswaran Namboothiri of Nilavana Illam and Mannathu Parvathy Amma.

2. He began his career as a teacher in 1893 in a Government primary school. After a few years, from 1905 he changed his profession and started practising law, in the Magistrates Courts.

3. On 31st October 1914 with the help of a few others, Mannathu Padmanathan established the Nair Service Society.

4. The headquarters of N.S.S. is Perunna. Earlier, the name of the organisation was ‘Nair Bhrithyajana Sangham’.

5. N.S.S. was established along the lines of the Servants of India Society of Gopalakrishna Gokhale.

6. N.S.S. started its first school at Karukachal in the Kottayam district.  Its first headmaster was K.Kelappan.

7. The first college of NSS was established at Perunna in 1947 and T.K.Narayana Iyer was the principal.

8. The publication ‘Service’ was started in 1919 by Karukachal as the mouthpiece of N.S.S.

9. It helped for the abolition of sub-castes among the Nair community. It also succeeded in gathering favourable support for the ‘Nair Regulation’ (1925).

10. The basic unit of N.S.S. is ‘Karayogam’ and the first Karayogam was established at a place named Thattayil (1929).

11. The first president of the Nair Service Society was K.Kelappan. Mannath Padmanabhan was the first secretary and Panangattu Kesavappanicker was the first treasurer of N.S.S.

12. The name Nair Bhrithya Jana Sangham was suggested by K.Kannan Nair and the Nair Service Society was suggested by K.Paramu Pillai (He was a School Inspector).

13. Panthalam K.P.Raman Pillai wrote ‘Akhilandamandalam aniyichorukki....” .

14. Sardar K.M.Panicker called Mannath Padmanabhan ‘Madan Mohan Malavya of Kerala’?

15. Sardar K.M.Panicker called Pazhassi Raja ‘Kerala Simham’.

16. Mannam decided to establish educational institutions for the members of his community when he felt that it was difficult to get admission to the institutions run by others.

17. During the Vaikom Satyagraha Mannath Padmanabhan started ‘Savarna Jatha’ from Vaikom.

18. Another Savarna Jatha was started from Nagercoil under the leadership of Dr Perumal Naidu.

19. Both the Jathas met at Thiruvananthapuram. A  deputation led by Congress leader Changanassery Parameswaran Pillai submitted a huge memorandum before the regent queen Sethulakshmi Bhai.

20. The idea of Savarna Jatha was suggested by Mahatma Gandhi.

21. Mannath Padmanabhan was the president of the Guruvayoor Sathyagraha Committee?

22. Guruvayoor Sathyagraha was started in 1931. K.Kelappan was the Secretary of the Guruvayur Sathyagraha Committee.

23. Volunteer Captain was A.K.Gopalan.

24. Mannam believed that the welfare and progress of the Nair community are connected to the total prosperity of the Hindu religion. So he cooperated with the attempts to root out the factors that were detrimental to the progress of Hinduism. Thus Mannam actively participated in Vaikom and Guruvayur

25. Mannam was always interested to involve actively in contemporary social issues. As a part of some temple rituals, the women of that era had to remove their upper clothes during festival occasions. In this background, in 1931 Mannam exhorted the women of Kerala to boycott the temples.

26. Mannath Padmanabhan married Mechet Kalyani Amma in 1901. She passed away in 1912 and was survived by a daughter.

27. In 1932 Mannath Padmanabhan married Thottakkat Madhavi Amma.

28. Thottakkat Madhavi Amma was the first woman to become a member of the Legislature of Cochin (1925). She was also a famous writer. Her mother Thottakkad Ikkavamma was also popular as a poetries.

29. In association with R.Shankar Mannath Padmanabhan founded ‘Hindumahamandalam’

30. R.Shankar was the leader of SNDP Yogam and Congress. The political party launched by R.Shankar and Mannam was Democratic Congress Party (1950).

31. The political party launched by N.S.S. was National Democratic Party.

32. The famous ‘Muthukulam speech’ of Mannam was in 1947.

33. In 1949 Mannam became the first president of the Travancore Dewaswam Board (19491950).

34. The Liberation Struggle (Vimochana Samaram) of 1959 was launched against the policies of the EMS ministry especially the Educational Act introduced by Joseph Mundassery, the Minister for Education.

35. Political parties such as Congress, PSP, Muslim League,RSP joined together with some communal organisations, which were provoked by the provisions of the Educational Act.

35. The Congress president during the liberation struggle was R.Shankar. The leader of the opposition was P.T.Chacko.

36. The name ‘ Vimochana Samaram’ was sprouted from a speech of Panampilly Govindamenon, Congress leader.

37. Liberation struggle was started on 12th June 1959. It lasted for seven weeks.

38. During Vimochana Samaram, the “Jeevasikha Jatha’  started from Angamali was led by Mannath Padmanabhan.

39. The president dismissed the EMS ministry by invoking Article 356 of the Constitution on 31st July 1959.

40. It was the first occasion in the history of Independent India in which a government that enjoys a majority in the legislature was dismissed by invoking Article 356.

41. Kerala was the fifth state in Independent India that was brought under President’s rule (After Punjab, PEPSU, Andhra and Thiru Kochi).

42. Dr Rajendra Prasad, the then President of India presented the honour ‘Bharat Kesari’ to Mannath Padmanabhan in 1959.

43. The venue was Thirunakkara Maidan in Kottayam.

44. Mannam went on a European expedition in 1959.

45. In 1966 Mannam was given ‘Padmavibhushan’.

46. He passed away on 25th February 1970. Mannam Samadhi is in Perunna. The autobiography of Mannath Padmanabhan is ‘Ente Jeevithasmaranakal’

Questions and Answers

1. The mouthpiece of NSS?  
Answer: Service

2. Service started its edition from? 
Answer: Karukachal (Kottayam)

3. The year in which NSS was registered under the Indian Companies Act? 
Answer: 1925

4. The name Nair Brithyajana Sangam was suggested by? 
Answer: Kappana Kannan Menon

5. The first President of NSS? 
Answer: K.Kelappan

6. The first Secretary of NSS? 
Answer: Mannath Padmanabhan

7. The first treasury of NSS? 
Answer: Panagattu Kesavapaniker

8. Nair Brithyajana Sangam took the name NSS in? 
Answer: 11 July 1915

9. The name NSS was suggested by? 
Answer: K.Paramupillai

10. The first school of NSS started in? 
Answer: Karukachal ( Kottayam)

11. The first College of NSS started in? 
Answer: Perunna (Kottayam)

12. The first principal of Karukachal NSS School? 
Answer: K.Kelappan

13. The first Karayoga of NSS started in?  
Answer: Thattayil (Pathanamthitta)

14. The song "Akhilandamandalam" is written by?  
Answer: Panthallam K.P.RamanPillai

15. The year in which the All Kerala Nair Meeting was started? 
Answer: 1916

16. Mannath Padmanabhan was nominated to Sree Moolam Prajasabha in? 
Answer: 1921

17. Savarna Jadha was led by? 
Answer: Mannath Padmanabhan

18. Savarna Jadha conducted from? 
Answer: Vaikom to Trivandrum

19. Savarna Jadha was organised as a part of?  
Answer: Vaikkom agitation

20. Vaikom Memorial was submitted to? 
Answer: Rani Lakshmi Bhai

21. The President of Guruvayoor Sathyagraham Committee?  
Answer: Mannath Padmanabhan

22. Mannath Padmanabhan become INC member in? 
Answer: 1947

23. The Secretary of Guruvayoor Sathyagraham Committee? 
Answer: K.Kelappan

24. Mannath Padmanabhan become a member of the Travancore Legislative Assembly in? 
Answer: 1949

25. The first President of the Travancore Devasaom Board? 
Answer: Mannath Padmanabhan

26. Vimochana Samaram(Liberation Struggle) was in the year? 
Answer: 1959

27. Who leads the Jeevasikha Yatra as a part of Vimochana Samaram? 
Answer: Mannath Padmanabhan

28. Jeevasikha Yatra conducted from? 
Answer: Angamali to Thiruvananthapuram

29. The causes of Vimochana Samaram(Liberation Struggle)? 
Answer: The introduction of an education bill

30. The name Vimochana Samaram was suggested by? 
Answer: Panampalli Govinda Menon

31. The leader of Vimochana Samaram(Liberation Struggle)? 
Answer: Mannath Padmanabhan

32. The movement caused the dismissal of the first Communist Government (31 July 1959)? 
Answer: Vimochana Samaram(Liberation Struggle)

33. The party formed by Mannath Padmanabhan and R.Shankar were? 
Answer: Democratic Congress Party

34. The association was founded by Mannath Padmanabhan with the help of R.Shankar? 
Answer: Hindu Mahamandalam

35. Who is known as "Bharath Kesari"? 
Answer: Mannath Padmanabhan

36. Who got the degree of "Bharath Kesari" from the Indian President? 
Answer: Mannath Padmanabhan (1959)

37. Mannath Padmanabhan got Padma Bhushan in? 
Answer: 1966

38. Where is Mannath Samadhi situated?  
Answer: Perunna (Kottayam)

39. Who is known as Madhan Mohan Malavya of Kerala?  
Answer: Mannath Padmanabhan

40. Who gave the title of Madhan Mohan Malavya of Kerala? 
Answer: Sardar K.M.Paniker

41. The founder of Nair Samajam? 
Answer: Mannath Padmanabhan

42. The founder of Kerala Nair Samajam?  
Answer: C.Krishna Pillai

43. The party started by NSS? 
Answer: National Democratic Party

44. The Present General Secretary of NSS? 
Answer: G. Sukumaran Nair

45. The Autobiography of Mannath Padmanabhan? 
Answer: Ente Jeevitha Smaranakal

46. The novel was written by Mannath Padmanabhan? 
Answer: Snehalatha

47. Mannam Jayanti is celebrated on? 
Answer: 2nd January

48. Njangaluda F.M.S Yatra was the work of? 
Answer: Mannath Padmanabhan

49. He the only social reformer to speak in Malayalam on British Broad Casting Corporation (BBC)? 
Answer: Mannath Padmanabhan

50. The year in which the Indian Postal Department published the postal stamp? 
Answer: 1989

51. The first women member of the Kochi legislative assembly? 
Answer: Thottakadu Madhaviamma

52. Mannam Sugar Mills is situated at? 
Answer: Panthallam (Pathanamthitta)

53. Mannath Padmanabhan Died on? 
Answer: 25th February 1970

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