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Facts about Kerala - Questions and Answers -15

Facts about Kerala - Questions and Answers -15

2551. The oldest Hanging Bridge in Kerala ( 1877) is at Punalur (across the river Kallada), Architect 
- Albert Henry

2552.The only person who became the Deputy Chief Minister twice 
- C.H. Mu­hammed Koya 

2553.'Ponmudi Dam' 
- Idukki 

2554.'Ponmudi Hill Station' 
- Thiruvanan­thapuram

2556. Pakshipathalam 
- Wayanad at Brahmagiri hills

2557. Palakkad is the first fully electrified district in India.

2558. Paliyam Satyagraha 
- 1947 

2559. Pandit Karuppan was known as
'Lincoln of Kerala'. 

2560.Pathiramanal is located in Vembanad lake 

2561. Pazhassi Raja was called 'Kerala Simham' by Sardar K.M. Panicker 

2562. Pineapple Research Institute 
- Vel­lanikkara (Thrissur) 

2563.Pookode Lake

2564.Publication is of Atma Vidya Sangam
-Abhinava Keralam

2565. Sahodaran Ayyappan was the founder editor of magazines Yukthivadi and Vidyaposhini. 

2566.Sahodaran Ayyappan Memorial is at Cherai, Ernakulam 

2567. Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary is also known as Thattekkad Bird Sanc­tuary (1983)

2568. SBT is the first bank that started its Malayalam website.

2569. Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer was the first recipient of Swathi Puraskar.

2570. Sholayar dam is situated on the river Chalakudy Puzha

2571. Slavery in Travancore was abolished by 
-Rani Gauri Lakshmi Bai

2572. The smallest wildlife sanctuary of Kerala 
- Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary 

2573. St Angelo Fort at Kannur was built by Francisco de-Almeda. 

2574.The largest wildlife sanctuary in Kerala 
- Periyar 

2575. The Life Science Park to be set up by the Kerala Government 
- Bio 360 (Thonnakkal, Thiruvananthapuram). 

2576. The monthly published by Vakkam Abdul Khadar Moulavi
 - Al Islam. 

2577.The publication of 'Yogakshema Sabha' 
- 'Mangalodhayam'. 

2578. The name "Silent Valley" was given by 
- Robert Wright 

2579. The newspaper 'Velakkaran' was started by Sahodaran Ayyappan. 

2580. The northernmost lake in Kerala
- Uppala Lake 

2581. The only Indian women athlete to participate in four consecutive Olym­pic games 
- Shiny Wilson.

2582.The only Peacock Sanctuary in Kerala 
- Choolannoor (K.K. Neelakandan Memorial Peacock Sanctuary) 

2583. The only woman ruler of Kochi was Gangadhara Lakshmi 

2584. The organization which was consid­ered as the predecessor of S.N.D.P­ 
Vavoottu Yogam

2585. The person to become the Deputy Chief Minister after holding the position of Chief Minister 
- C.H. Muhammed Koya

2586.The person who has set the record for the longest budget presentation in the Kerala Legislative Assembly
- Oommen Chandy ( 2 hours 54 minutes)

2587. The first person who presented the Budget in the Kerala assembly 
-  C. Achutha Menon 

2588.The forest in Kerala famous for Vam­pire bat 
- Mangalavanam

2589.The President who inaugurated the new building of Kerala Legislative Assembly 
-K.R. Narayanan (22nd May 1998)

2590. The Prime Minister of Zamorin was known as 
- Mangattachan

2591. "Yellow river of Kerala" 
-Kuttiyadi Puzha 

2592. 'English Channel of India' 
-River Mahe 

2593. The river which was known as 'Baris' in ancient times 
- Pamba 

2594. The second open jail in Kerala was started at Cheemeni. 

2595. The shortest river in Kerala 
- Manjeswaram river (16 Km) 

2596.The smallest National park in Kerala
- Pampadum Chola (Idukki) 

2597.The southernmost lake in Kerala 
- Veli Lake 

2598. The southernmost river in Kerala
- Neyyar 

2599. The State has websites for all ministers 
- Kerala. 

2600. The Travancore ruler abolished Capi­tal Punishment in Travancore 
-Sri. Chithira Thirunal

2601.The Travancore ruler at the time of the revolt of 1857 
- Uthradom Thirunal Marthanda Varma 

2602. The Travancore ruler made the 'Pan­dara Patta Proclamation' (1865) 
-Ay­ilyam Thirunal 

2603. The year in which electronic voting machines was used in all the 140 as­sembly constituencies in Kerala 
- 2001 

2604.Kozhencherry speech 
- 1935

2605.The youngest speaker of Kerala Legis­lative Assembly 
- C.H. Muhammad Koya 

2605. The second highest peak in Kerala is Meesapulimala situated in Idukki. 

2606. Thusharagiri waterfalls are located at Kozhikode. 

2607. Thoovanam waterfalls are on the river Pambar. 

2608. Thottappalli Spillway was commis­sioned in the year 1955 

2609. Thrissur Pooram was started by
Shakthan Thampuran 

2610. Thunchath Ezhuthachan Malayalam University 
- Tirur (Malappuram) 

2611. Vasco-da-Gama's body was buried at St. Francis Church (Kochi) 

2612."Vidyayaa Amrutam Ashnuthe" is the motto of Ezhimala naval academy 

2613. Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai wrote the first book on Malayalam journalism 
- Vrithantha Pathra Pravarthanam.

2614. Tarissapalli plate 
- Sthanu Ravivar­man

2615.Thanneermukkam Bund was com­ missioned in the year 1975 

2616. The bird sanctuary is formerly known as 'Bakers Estate' is Kumarakom. 

2617. The capital of Mushika Kingdom was Ezhimala

2618.The ceremony related with the coro­nary celebration of Travancore kings
-Hiranya Garbham 

2619. The longest east-flowing river in Kerala is Kabani. 

2620.The Chief Minister of Kerala during the emergency in 1975 
- C. Achutha Menon

2621. The Chief Minister of Kerala when the Panchayathiraj came into force
- A.K. Antony 

2622. The Christian leader who participated in the Vaikkom Satyagraha was George Joseph.

2623.The Dharmadam Island is in Anja­rakandi River.

2624. The famous Palaruvi waterfall is on the river Kallada.

2625.The district through which the maximum number of rivers flow 

2626. The electricity agitation was or­ganised against Diwan R K Shan­mukham Chetti in Kochi.

2627. The first Keralite to become the Central Defense Minister 
- V. K . Krishna Menon 

2628. The first and biggest Tiger Reserve in Kerala 
- Periyar 

2629. The first and the only Prime Minister who spoke in the Kerala Legislative Assembly 
- Jawaharlal Nehru ( 1958 April 15) 

2630. The first baby-friendly panchayat in Kerala 
- Venganoor (Thiruvanan­thapuram)

2631.The first Biological park in India 
- Agasthyakoodam

2632. The first Chief Minister who pre­sented confidence motion in Kerala legislative assembly 
- C. Achutha Menon

2633. Ayyankali and Western Ghatt' was written by V S Achuthanandan.

2634.The first child-friendly panchayat in Kerala 
- Nedumbassery 

2635. The first concrete gravity dam in
Kerala - Mattupetty (Idukki) 

2636.The first DNA barcoding centre in India 
- Puthenthope (Thiruvanan­thapuram)

2637. The first grama Panchayat in Kerala to run entirely on solar energy 
- Pe­rumatty 

2638. The first Malayalee to become the Judge of the Supreme Court
- P. Govinda Menon

2639.The first Malayalee woman who got Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award
- K.M. Beenamol 

2640. The first minister in Kerala who died in harness 
- V.K. Velappan 

2641. The first president of the Travancore Devaswom Board was Mannath Padmanaban. 

2642. The first Chairperson of Kerala women's Commission 
- Sugathakumari  

2643. The first Raja of Travancore to receive the title 'Maharaja' from British Mon­arch ('Queen Victoria') 
-Ayilyam Thirunal 

2644. The first secretary of KPCC was K Madhavan Nair. 

2645.The first speaker of Kerala Legislative Assembly who died in harness 
- K.M. Seethi Sahib 

2646. The first speaker in Kerala who com­pleted his tenure 
- M. Vijaya Kumar 

2647.The first state election commissioner of Kerala M S K Ramaswami. 

2648. The first Tsunami museum in India is situated at Azheekkal. 

2649.The first underground Hydroelectric project in Kerala 
- Moolamattom (Idukki) 

2650. Lord Mornington gave the title 'Raja' to Raja Kesavadas 

2651. The Headquarters of Kerala Forest Training School :
- Arippa 

2652.The Headquarters of Defence Secu­rity Corps 
- Kannur. 

2653. The hydroelectric project which was completed with the help of China 
- Urumi 

2654.The Indian state capital city which located the nearest to the equator 
-  Thiruvananthapuram. 

2655. The largest beach in Kerala : 
- Mu­zhuppilangad Beach 

2656.The largest cinnamon estate in the world 
- Ancharakandy [Kannur]. 

2657. The biggest Cardamom plantation in India is at ................
Vandanmedu (Idukki) the only district in Kerala to produce Garlic? 

2659. Vishakham Thirunal Rama Varma (1880-1885) is known as "Scholar of Travancore' 

2660. The reign of Uthram Thirunal Marthanda Varma (1846-1860) was known as the "Golden Age of Kathakali". 

Anizham Thirunal Marthanda Varma (1729-1758) is the founder of Modern Travancore. He is also known as 'Iron man of Modern Travancore' and 'Asoka of Travancore'. Marthanda Varma followed a policy of 'blood and iron', the basic aim of which was to crush the feudal elements and make royal authority supreme in the kingdom. During his reign, a budget system which was then known as Pathivukanakku was introduced. The Land Survey was known as "Kandezhuthu' Villages were known as 'Pakuthi. Mandapathum Vathukal was equivalent to "Taluk'. Anizham Tirunal Marthanda Varma defeated the Dutch in the Battle of Colachel (1741). 

Karthika Thirunal Rama Varma (1758-1798) was popularly known as 'Dharma Raja'. "Kizhavan Raja' was a nickname of Rama Varma. Rama Varma was the longest-serving ruler in Travancore. Karthika Thirunal was a composer of Kathakali Plays. Rajasooyam, Subhadrapaharanam, Gandharvavijayam, Panchali Svayamvaram, Bakavadham, Kalyanasougandhikam (Thekkan or southern style). Narakasuravadham etc are his famous works. Kunjan Nambiar and Unnayi Warrier were famous poets in the court of Dharma Raja 

Avittam Thirunal Balarama Varma (1798-1810) was the youngest Travancore ruler. He signed the subsidiary alliance agreement of 1805 which established British paramountcy over Travancore 

Rani Gouri Lakshmi Bayi (1810-1815) was the first woman ruler of Modern Travancore. Abolished slavery in Travancore on December 5, 1812 

Rani Gouri Parvathi Bayi (1815-1829) was the first Regent of Travancore. Lower castes were allowed to wear Ornaments using Gold and Silver. Primary Education made compulsory 

The reign of Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma (1829-1846) was a 'Golden Age' in the history of modern Travancore. Swathi Thirunal was known as 'Garbhasreeman', the Monarch Musician' and 'Dhakshina Bhoja'. Swathi Thirunal popularized Mohiniyattam. Swathi Thirunal introduced English Education in Travancore. First census in Travancore was conducted during the reign of Swathi Thirunal in 1836. Hajur Kacheri was shifted from Kollam to Thiruvananthapuram. 

The reign of Uthram Thirunal Marthanda Varma (1846-1860) was known as the "Golden Age of Kathakali". 

Ayilyam Thirunal Rama Varma (1860-1880) was the first king of Travancore to receive the title 'Maharaja' from the British Government. Janmi-Kudiyan Proclamation (1857). Pandarappatta Proclamation (1865) known as the 'Magnacarta of Travancore Peasants', were made by Ayilyam Thirunal. Kerala Secretariat building, Alappuzha Lighthouse, Punalur Suspension bridge were constructed. 

Vishakham Thirunal Rama Varma (1880-1885) is known as "Scholar of Travancore'. The first Indian Prince to be offered a seat at Viceroy's executive council. He encouraged Tapioca cultivation. 

Sreemoolam Thirunal Rama Varma (1885. 1924) established Travancore Legislative Council on March 30, 1888. It was the first legislative council for a native state in India. Malayalee Memorial of 1891 and Ezhava Memorial of 1896 was submitted to Sreemoolam Thirunal. Janmi-Kudiyan regulation was passed by Sreemoolam Thirunal (1896). Sreemoolam Popular Assembly (Sreemoolam Praja Sabha) was formed in 1904. 

Pooradam Thirunal Sethu Lakshmi Bayi (1924-1931) became the regent of Travancore after the death of Maharajah Moolam Thirun al. Polygamy, Animal Sacrifice, and Devadasi System were abolished by Rani Sethu Lakshmi Bayi. Introduced Makkathayam in Travancore. Nair Regulation Act of 1925 was passed. Public roads were opened to all citizens of Travan core by Sethu Lakshmi Bayi following Vaikom Sathyagraha. 

Sree Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma (1931-1949) was the last ruler of Travancore Princely State. The famous Temple Entry Proclamation was issued by Maharaja Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma on 12th November 1936. Travancore Public Service Commission was established in 1936. Chithira Thirunal abolished capital punishment in Travancore. In 1949 Sree Chithira Thirunal agreed to merge Travancore officially as a part of the Union of India. Sree Chithira Thirunal served as the first and only Rajpramukh (Governor equivalent) of the Travancore-Cochin Union from July 1, 1949, to October 31, 1956. 
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