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Geography - Questions and Answers - 03

Geography - Questions and Answers - 03

301. In which category of winds does cyclone fall?
(a) Trade winds                   (b) Periodic winds
(c) Local winds                     (d) Variable Winds
Answer: (d)

302.  ‘Western disturbances’ is associated with:
(a) Extremism                       (b) Weather
(c) Imperialism                     (d) Economy
Answer: (b)

303. Which indicates clear weather?
(a) Nimbus                              (b) Stratus
(c) Cirrus                                 (d) Cumulus
Answer: (d)

304. The number of satellites required to cover the entire surface of the earth
simultaneously is:
(a) 2             (b) 3          (c) 4                 (d) 6
Answer: (b)

305. The winter monsoon rises from:
(a) The Arabian sea                      (b) Bay of Bengal
(c) The Pacific Ocean                     (d) The Himalayas
Answer: (b)

306. Geology is a science dealing with the study of:
(a) Insects                                        (b) The crust of the earth
(c) The origin of rocks                  (d) Birds
Answer: (b)

307. The study of name of Places:
(a) Toponymy                                  (b) Geography
(c) Pedology                                      (d) Psephology
Answer: (a)

308. The equatorial radius of the earth:
(a) 12754km                                        (b) 8000km
(c) 6377km                                            (d) 14895km
Answer: (c)

309. The main port of United Arab Emirates is:
(a) Abu Dhabi                                       (b) Dubai
(c) Sharjah                                              (d) Rasa-al-Khaima
Answer: (b)

310. Kohoutek is the name of a/an:
(a) Star                                                   (b) Asteroid
(c) Planet                                                (d) Comet
Answer: (d)

311. How many times the sun is bigger than the earth?
(a) 110 times                                   (b) 111 times
(c) 112 times                                    (d) 109 times
Answer: (d)

312. The coconut tree is the national tree of:
(a) Indonesia                                    (b) Myanmar
(c) Sri Lanka                                      (d) Maldives
Answer: (d)

313. A rift valley is formed mainly due to:
(a) The force of tension of earth’s crust
(b) The subsidence of floor of a river valley
(c) The valley formed after the formation of fold mountains
(d) The deepening of the valley by ice actions
Answer: (a)

314. The longest cave in the world:
(a) Veronia cave                                         (b) Mammoth Cave
(c) Edakkal Cave                                           (d) Ajanta Cave
Answer: (b)

315. Savanna grassland situated in which continent?
(a) Asia                                                        (b) Europe
(c) Africa                                                      (d) North America
Answer: (c)

316. The tide at its maximum height is known as:
(a) Tsunami                                (b) Spring Tide
(c) Equinoxes                             (d) Neap Tide
Answer: (b)

317. Which of the following planets is smaller than earth?
(a) Neptune                                   (b) Uranus
(c) Saturn                                       (d) Venus
Answer: (d)

318. The Hawaiian Islands are located in:
(a) North Atlantic Ocean            (b) South Atlantic Ocean
(c) North Pacific Ocean               (d) South Pacific Ocean
Answer: (c)
319. Which one of the following continents do not have a real desert?
(a) Europe                                     (b) Australia
(c) Asia                                            (d) North America
Answer: (a)

320. How fast does the earth spins at the north pole?
(a) 1038 miles/hr                          (b) 700 miles/hr
(c) Almost zero                                (d) 850 miles/hr
Answer: (c)

321. Name the continents that form mirror images:
(a) North America and South America     (b)   Asia and Africa
(c) Africa and South America                      (d) Europe and Asia
Answer: (c)

322. A region of weak winds is called:
(a) Doldrum                                  (b) Dum Dum
(c) Chilka                                        (d) None of these
Answer: (a)

323. How many times in a year, day and nights are of equal duration anywhere on earth?
(a) Once                                              (b) Four
(c) Twelve                                          (d) Twice
Answer: (d)

324. Which one of the following is a land-locked sea?
(a) Aral Sea                                          (b) Timor Sea
(c) North Sea                                         (d) Red Sea
Answer: (a)
325. The troposphere is the hottest part of the atmosphere is because:
(a) It is the closest layer of the Sun
(b) There are charged particles in it
(c) It is heated by the earth’s surface
(d) Heat is generated in it
Answer: (c)

326. Which one of the following is known as ‘Anti-trade winds’?
(a) Chinook                                               (b) Cyclones
(c) Typhoons                                            (d) Westerlies
Answer: (d)

327. The outermost layer of the sun is called:
(a) Chromosphere                                  (b) Photosphere
(c) Corona                                                 (d) Lithosphere
Answer: (c)

328. A geostationary satellite is at a height of:
(a) 6km                                                   (b) 1000 km
(c) 3600km                                            (d) 35900 km
Answer: (d)

329. The orbits of planets around the sun can be:
(a) Elliptic and parabolic                (b) Parabolic and hyperbolic
(c) Circular and hyperbolic            (d) Circular and elliptic
Answer: (d)

330. What is Super Nova?
(a) A black hole                                      (b) A dying star
(c) An asteroid                                         (d) A Comet
Answer: (b)

331. Which of the following is a landlocked country?
(a) Ukraine                                              (b) Romania
(c) Hungary                                             (d) Bulgaria
Answer: (c)

332. The tide produced in an ocean when the pull on the earth by the Sun and Moon are unidirectional are called:
(a) High tide                                           (b) Springtide
(c) Neap tide                                           (d) Low tide
Answer: (b)

333. The Gulf stream is an ocean current that begins in:
(a) Off the coast of Florida
(b) From the Bay of Bengal
(c) Gulf countries coastline
(d) In the Philippines
Answer: (a)

334. Which of the following volcanoes is situated in Mexico?
(a) Colima                                               (b) Purace
(c) Semeru                                               (d) Etna
Answer: (a)

335. The humidity of the air depends upon:
(a) Temperature                                  (b) Location
(c) Weather                                                (d) All of these
Answer: (d)

336. The latitude of a place expresses its angular position relative to the plane of
(a) Axis of the earth                                     (b) North pole
(c) South pole                                          (d) Equator
Answer: (d)

337. The greatest variety of animal and plant species is found in:
(a) Temperate grasslands                  (b) Tropical moist forests
(c) Tundra regions                                  (d) In hot deserts
Answer: (b)
338. The largest part of our hydrosphere is:
(a) Atlantic Ocean                                 (b) Pacific Ocean
(c) Indian Ocean                                    (d) Arctic Ocean
Answer: (b)

339. Which river begins at Tana lake in Ethiopia?
(a) Blue Nile                                           (b) White Nile
(c) Congo                                                 (d) Zambezi
Answer: (a)

340. In which country does the river Amazon originate?
(a) Brazil                                                    (b) Colombia
(c) Peru                                                       (d) Bolivia
Answer: (c)

341. Father of Geography 

Answer: Hecataeus 

342. Who was the first Geographer that prepare a world map to scale 

Answer: Anaximander 

343. The former name of 'Black sea' was  

Answer: Pontus Euxine 

344. The idea to dig the Panama Canal was given by 

Answer: Humboldt  

345. The instrument used for measuring distances on a map 

Answer: Opisometer 
346. The science that studies of earth measurement  
Answer: Geodesy  

347. An Art and Science of making maps from aerial photographs  

Answer: Photogrammetry 

348. Which is the longest river in Asia? 

Answer: Yangtze 

349. Which is the largest hydroelectric project in the world? 

Answer: Three Gorges Dam (China)

350. Mahaveli Ganga is the longest river In-----? 

Answer:  Sri Lanka

351. The most ideal region for the cultivation of cotton in India
- Deccan plateau

352. On which river is the Nagarjuna Sagar project

- Krishna

353. The watershed between India and Myanmar is formed by

- Naga hills

354. The Deccan plateau covers an area of

- 16 lakh km2

355. How many islands of India are located in the Bay of Bengal


356. Salt lake Sambhar located at

- Rajasthan

357. Oldest mountain range in India

- Aravalli

358. The coastal region, where the deltas of Godavari and Krishna are met-

- Kolleru lake

359. Largest mangrove forest in the world

- Sunderbans

360. Which city of India stands on the banks of the river Godavari
- Nasik

361. Which river rises in the Aravallis and flows into the Gulf of Cambay
- Sabarmati

362. Rourkela steel plant was built on the banks of

- Brahmani river

363. Which river forms its delta in Orissa

- Mahanadi

364. Jog waterfall, the highest in India, is on

- Sharavati River

365. Which river flows between Vindhyas and Satpuras

- Narmada

366. Artificial harbour located on the east coast of India

- Chennai

367. The largest river of south India

- Godavari

368. Deepest port of India


369. What kind of soil predominates in the Sunderbans area ·


370. Who are believed to be the oldest inhabitants of India ·

371. Which is the westernmost limit of the Siwalik hills

- Potwar basin

372. Which river flows in the Kashmir valley

- Jhelum

373. National Institute of Oceanography is located at

- Panaji (Goa)

374. Who is the first environmentalist to get the Nobel Peace Prize?

- Wangari Mathai

375. Which country is the ·first ·to bring a Parliamentary Legislation on climate change?

- Canada

376. To show the grave concern of rising sea level, which island nation held the world's first-ever underwater cabinet meeting?
- Maldives

377. Who is popularly known as 'The Tree Mother of Africa'?
- Wangari Mathai

378. What is the name of the organisation founded by Wangari Mathai for the protection of the environment?
- Green Belt Movement

379. Which country held its cabinet meeting at the MountEverest in a bid to highlight the issue of Global Warming?
- Nepal

380. Who is the author of the book 'Silent Spring', which played a key role in the modern environmental movement?
- Rachel Carson

381. In order to raise awareness about the need to take action on climate change, the WWF started an event in 2007, which is observed on the last Saturday of March every year. Name the event?
- Earth Hour

382. The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, which was held in Rio de Janeiro inl992 is popularly known as? ·
- Earth Summit

383. The 1971 Convention on Wetlands, held in Iran is popularly known as? ·
- Ramsar Convention

384. The Movement that practises the Gandhian methods of satyagraha and non-violent resistance, through the act of hugging trees to protect them from being felled is ......?
- The Chipco Movement
385. The modern Chipco Movement started in the early 1970s in the Garhwal Himalayas of which state?
- Uttarakhand

386. Kyoto Protocol deals with?
- Green House Gas Reduction

387. The International Agreement dealing with substances that deplete the Ozone Layer is known as.....?
- Montreal Protocol

388. What is the new name of the Indian Botanic Garden, Howrah?
- Acharya Jagdish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden

389. The World Sparrow Day is observed on?
- March 20

390. The 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference is commonly known as ------?
- Copenhagen Summit

391. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, aimed at fighting global warming is popularly known as?
- Kyoto Protocol

392. The Kyoto Protocol entered into force·on?
- 16 February 2005

393. Which is the most important greenhouse gas?
- carbon dioxide

394. Which river is known as 'Kalindi' in Puranas?

395. The instrument used for enlarging or reducing a map
- Pantograph


396. Abhors is a tribe in:
(a) Tamil Nadu (b) Kerala
(c) North-East India (d) Kashmir
Answer: (c)

397. Angami is a tribe of:
(a) Manipur (b) Punjab
(c) Andhra Pradesh (d) Gujarat
Answer: (a)

398. Apatamis is a tribe of:
(a) Kerala (b) Lakshadweep
(c) Arunachal Pradesh (d) Andhra Pradesh
Answer: (c)

399. Bhil tribe belongs to:
(a) Madhya Pradesh (b) Meghalaya
(c) Kerala (d) Punjab
Answer: (a)

400. Bhotia tribe belongs to:
(a) Kashmir (b) Karnataka
(c) Uttarakhand (d) Gujarat
Answer: (c)

401. Chenchu is a tribe of:
(a) Andhra Pradesh (b) Kerala
(c) Tamil Nadu (d) Assam
Answer: (a)

402. Gaddis are natives of:
(a) Assam (b) Bengal
(c) Meghalaya (d) Himachal Pradesh
Answer: (d)

403. Garos tribe lives in:
(a) Kerala (b) Andaman
(c) Sikkim (d) Meghalaya
Answer: (d)

404. Gonds tribal people live in:
(a) Madhya Pradesh (b) Kerala
(c) Andaman (d) Punjab
Answer: (a)

405. The native land of Jaintias:
(a) Tamil Nadu (b) Lakshadweep
(c) Meghalaya (d) Punjab
Answer: (c)

406. Jarawas live in:
(a) Little Andaman (b) Tamil Nadu
(c) Karnataka (d) Kashmir
Answer: (a)

407. Khas are tribals of:
(a)Tamil Nadu (b) Karnataka
(c) Uttarakhand (d) Sikkim
Answer: (c)

408. The native land of Khasis:
(a)Maharashtra (b) Gujarat
(c) Karnataka (d) Meghalaya
Answer: (d)

409. Khonds are tribal people of:
(a)Orissa (b) Tamil Nadu
(c) Andhra Pradesh (d) Himachal Pradesh
Answer: (a)

410. Kotas are tribal people of:
(a)Tamil Nadu (b) Lakshadweep
(c) Meghalaya (d) Punjab
Answer: (a)

411. Kuki people live in:
(a)Punjab (b) Manipur
(c) Uttarakhand (d) Kashmir
Answer: (b)

412. The native land of Lepchas:
(a)Tamil Nadu (b) Andhra Pradesh
(c) Sikkim (d) Gujarat
Answer: (c)

413. Lushai is a tribe that belongs to:
(a) Mizoram (b) Sikkim
(c) Karnataka (d) Jharkhand
Answer: (a)

414. Mikirs are belonged to:
(a) Assam (b) Bengal
(c) Kerala (d) Himachal Pradesh
Answer: (a)

415. Moplas belonged to:
(a) Tamil Nadu (b) Assam
(c) Kerala (d) Punjab
Answer: (c)

416. Mundas are tribals of:
(a) Tamil Nadu (b) Himachal Pradesh
(c) Karnataka (d) Jharkhand
Answer: (d)

417. Santhals are tribals of:
(a)Bihar (b) Kerala
(c) Tamil Nadu (d) Assam
Answer: (a)

418. Todas are tribal people in the Nilgiri district of:
(a)Karnataka (b) Andhra Pradesh
(c) Tamil Nadu (d) Maharashtra
Answer: (c)

419. Uralis are natives of:
(a)Kerala (b) Andhra Pradesh
(c) Maharashtra (d) Himachal Pradesh
Answer: (a)

420. Warlis are natives of:
(a)Assam (b) Himachal Pradesh
(c) Bengal (d) Maharashtra
Answer: (d)

Climate of India
421.The major climatic subtypes in India:
(a) Four (b) Five
(c) Six (d) Seven
Answer: (c)

422. The number of seasons in India:
(a) Six (b) Five
(c) Four (d) Three
Answer: (c)

423. Which season in India has also known as Monsoon:
(a) Rainy (b) Summer
(c) Winter (d) None of these
Answer: (a)

424. In which region of India desert is situated:
(a) Northeast (b) Northwest
(c) Southeast (d) Southwest
Answer: (b)

425. The boundary between the tropics and subtropics:
(a) Equator (b) Dateline
(c) 82.5 degree east (d) Tropic of Cancer
Answer: (d)

426. The most rainfall in India occurs between
(a) May and November (b) December to March
(c) February to May (d) January to March
Answer: (a)

427. The driest months in India:
(a) December to March (b) May and November
(c) June to September (d) April to July
Answer: (a)

428. Which state is most benefitted by North East Monsoon?
(a) Maharashtra (b) Assam
(c) Jammu Kashmir (d) Tamil Nadu
Answer: (d)

429. The hottest period in India:
(a) April-May (b) June -July
(c) August-September (d) November-December
Answer: (a)

430. The coldest months in India:
(a) June- July (b) September-October
(c) October-November (d) December-January
Answer: (d)

431. Which region in India experiences the heaviest rainfall?
(a) Northwest (b) Northeast
(c) South (d) Southwest
Answer: (b)

432. The place with the highest rainfall among the following:
(a) Neryamangalam (b) Mawsynram
(c) Agumbe (d) Leh
Answer: (b)

433. Agumbe in the Shimoga district receives the second highest annual rainfall in India. It is in the state of:
(a) Maharashtra (b) Karnataka
(c) Assam (d) Tamil Nadu
Answer: (b)

434. In western and southern regions of India. the hottest month is .......
(a) April (b) May
(c) June (d) July
Answer: (a)

435. In Northern India, the hottest month is:
(a) January (b) February
(c) March (d) May
Answer: (d)

436. In which month Monsoon commences in India?
(a) June (b) July
(c) August (d) September
Answer: (a)

437. A strong, hot, and dry wind blows  in parts of northern and western India is called:
(a) Loo (b) Fohn
(c) Chinook (d) None of these
Answer: (a)

438. The northeast monsoon begins in .........
(a) October (b) June
(c) January (d) December
Answer: (a)

439. Which city has the least average precipitation?
(a) Bhopal (b) Srinagar
(c) Jaisalmer (d) Port Blair
Answer: (c)

440. Which state experiences the lowest temperature in India?
(a) Haryana (b) Meghalaya
(c) Assam (d) Jammu and Kashmir
Answer: (d)

441. The world's wettest place is in the state of:
(a) Manipur (b) Tripura
(c) Meghalaya (d) Assam
Answer: (c)

442. The rain with thunder experienced in the summer season in the states of Assam, Bihar, West Bengal:
(a) Loo (b) Kalbaisakhi
(c) Fohn (d) Chinook
Answer: (b)

443. Which region experiences a Mango shower by the middle of April?
(a) Karnataka & Konkan (b) Northeast
(c) Northwest (d) North
Answer: (a)

444. The weather of India is described as:
(a) Tropical Monsoon (b) Mediterranean
(c) Semi-arid (d) Alpine
Answer: (a)

445. A product of southeast trade winds originating from a high-pressure mass centred over the southern Indian Ocean, the monsoonal torrents supply over........% of India's annual rainfall:
(a) 50 (b)  80
(c) 55 (d) 45
Answer: (b)

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