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Geography - Questions and Answers - 05

Geography - Questions and Answers - 05

626. The longest river in South India: 

627. The river that originates from Brahmagiri Hills in Coorg district of  Karnataka: 

628. The river which originates from Triambak Hills in Nasik district in Maharashtra: 

629. Which river is known as ‘Vridha Ganga’?  

630. Which river is known as ‘Dakshina Ganga’? 

631. The second-longest west flowing river in India: 

632. The river that originates from the Amarkantak hills in Madhya Pradesh: 

633. The longest rift valley river in India: 

634. Which river originates from the Mahabaleshwar hills in Maharashtra? 

635. Which river originates from Betul district in Madhya Pradesh? 

636. Which Indian river is known as the salt river? 

637. The longest river in the Indian peninsula: 

638. Which river is known as the twin or handmaid of Narmada? 

639. Which river finally lost in the marshy grounds of Rann of Kuchchh? 

640. Tapti, Narmada, Mahi and Sabarmati drains into: 
Gulf of Cambay

641. Khajuraho Temples are in Madhya Pradesh. These were built by the dynasty: Chandelles

642. Indravati, Manjira, Veinganga, Sabari, Purna are the important tributaries of: 

643. Fatehpur Sikri in Uttar Pradesh was built by ...... as his capital. 

644. Brihadiswara Temple at Thanjavur is also known as Rajarajeswara temple. It was built by: 

645. Nandadevi National Park is in: 

646. The outermost layer of Earth's atmosphere is mainly composed of which gases?
Hydrogen & Helium 

647. Which layer of atmosphere reflects back radio waves transmitted from Earth & helps in radio propagation?

648. Who was the first person to determine the circumference of the Earth? 

649. Which islands are known as the 'rust belt' of Japan?
Shikoku Islands 

650. The famous American river Mississippi flows into the Gulf known as.
The Gulf of Mexico 

651. On which river is the famous Aswan Dam located?

652. Which important river of the world has no bridges over it? 

653. Mesopotamian civilization thrived in the area between which two rivers? 
Tigris & Euphrates

654. People native to which country is known as 'Magyars'?

655. Which river crosses the equator twice?
Congo River 

656. Which is the longest river in Asia?

657. Which river is an example for forming a bird's foot delta? 
Mississippi (USA) 

658. Which river forms the famous Grand Canyon? 
Colorado River (USA) 

659. Which canal connects the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea? 
Suez Canal

660. Name the deepest point in the Atlantic ocean, situated in the Puerto Rico Trench?
Milwaukee Deep 

661. Name the only sea in the world without a coastline? 
Sargasso Sea

662. Which ocean's part is the Sargasso Sea?
North Atlantic Ocean 

663. Which is the smallest ocean in the world?
Arctic Ocean 

664. Which sea was historically known as the 'Erythraean Sea'? 
Red Sea

665. Which sea is connected with the Atlantic Ocean by the Strait of Gibraltar? 
Mediterranean Sea

666. The Calypso Deep is the deepest point of which sea?
Mediterranean Sea 

667. In which Ocean is the famous 'Ninety East Ridge' situated? 
Indian Ocean 

668. Which countries are separated by the Strait of Gibraltar? 
Morocco & Spain

669. Which is the only parallel that is a great circle?

670. Which is the largest circle of latitude?

671. What is the name of the climate zone which stretches between the Tropic of Cancer & Tropic of Capricorn?
Tropical or Torrid zone 

672. Which climate zone is most comfortable for a living? 
Temperate zones

673. The area lies between Arctic- Antarctic Circles & Poles is known as.
The Frigid Zone 

674. What is the meaning of the word 'Meridian'?

675. Which country is known as the 'Land of Midnight Sun'? 

676. Which places on the earth experience six months of continual day & six months of the night?

677. What is the name of the low-pressure belt around the equator, caused by the great heat, making the air hot & therefore light?
The Doldrums 

678. What is the name of the winds blowing between 30 degree north & south latitudes? 
Trade winds

679. The winds blow outside the tropics, in the temperate zones and between 30 & 60 degrees north & south are known as

680. The weather in the area of which winds are characterised by a constant procession of cyclones & anti-cyclones?

681. Which area is known as a great belt of permanent anticyclones?
The Horse Latitudes 

682. With the approach of the sky becomes dull and overclouded and there is heavy rain accompanied by lightning & thunder?

683. The state of the atmosphere when the barometer reads about 760 mm (1018 mb) or over is known as. 
High pressure

684. If the reading of a barometer is about 740 mm (986 mb), it means a. 
Low pressure

685. What is indicated by a sudden fall in the barometric reading?

686. Which are the great fold mountains of the world?
The Himalayas, Rockies, Andes & Alps

687. Graben or Rift valleys are the counterparts of which type of mountains? 
Block mountains 

688. Which type of mountains are also known as Horsts? 
Block mountains

689. Which are the famous block mountains?
Vosges, Black forest & Hunsruck mountains

690. What are the examples of Igneous rocks?
Basalt, Granite, diorite, gabbro, dykes and sills

691. In what name is igneous rocks formed at some depth in the earth's crust known? 
Plutonic rocks

692. Which type of igneous rocks are also known as Extrusive rocks? 
Volcanic rocks

693. Which type of rocks are quarried for road making and polished as monuments and gravestones?
Igneous rocks 

694. Which type of rocks are also known as stratified rocks? 
Sedimentary rocks

695. Which type of rocks often contain fossils of animals, plants and other micro­organisms?
Sedimentary rocks 

696. What are the examples for mechanically formed sedimentary rocks?
Sandstones, Clay, Shale (mudstone)

697. Which is the major tectonic plateau of India?
Deccan Plateau 

698. The Tibetan Plateau is an example for. 
Intermont Plateau

699. The northwestern part of the Deccan Plateau is an example of. 
Volcanic plateaux

700. River Luni originates from which mountain range? 

701. In which state is the Pench river project situated? 
Madhya Pradesh 

702. In which state is the famous Castle Naggar Heritage site located? 
Himachal Pradesh 

703. What is the North-South dis­tance of India? 

704. What is the East-West distance of India?
2,933 k.m. 

705. What is India's total land area?
3.28 million sq. k.m. 

706. What per cent of the world's land surface area is covered by India?
2.4 per cent 

707. Which is the seventh-largest country in the world?

708. What is the total length of India's coastline?

709. Which large plateau is situated between the Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats?
The Deccan Plateau 

710. Which mountain ranges of India run parallel to the Bay of Bengal?
Eastern Ghats 

711. Which mountain ranges are parallel to the Arabian Sea? 
Western Ghats

712. Which country is separated from India by the Gulf of Mannar & Palk Strait? 
Sri Lanka

713. India shares a maximum land border with which country?

714. Which is the important geo­graphical line passing through India? 
Tropic of Cancer

715. The Tropic of Cancer passes through------ states of India?

716. Name the states through which the Tropic of Cancer passes?
Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram

717. The young or newer alluvial sediments deposited on the flood plains are known as ----­-? 

718. Which river is flowing through the desert type Rajasthan Plain? 
Luni river

719. Which is the only Indian part of the Indus Plain?
Punjab-Haryana Plain 

720. What is the local name of the fertile Punjab Plains? 

721. Which is the largest part of the Northern Plains?
Ganga Plain 

722. Which river is known as 'Tsang Po' in Tibet? 

723. The Ganga & Brahmaputra join in Bangladesh and there­ after known as--------? 

724. Which region of the Northern Plains is known as 'the Grana­ry of India'?
The Punjab-Haryana Plains 

725. What is the name of the shift­ing cultivation practised in North Eastern India?

726. Which is the largest plateau in India? 
The Deccan Plateau

727. What is the shape of the vast Deccan Plateau? 

728. Which Indian Plateau has been formed by the eruption of basaltic lava flows about 65 million years ago?
The Deccan Plateau 

729. Which Indian Plateau is fa­mous for the black cotton soil? 
The Deccan Plateau 

730. What is the name of the water body that divides the Andaman & Nicobar island groups? 
Ten degrees Channel

731. Which is the only active volca­no in India? 
Barren Island 

732. The Saddle Peak, Mount Dia­volo, Mount Koyob & Mount Thuiller are situated in--------? 
Andaman & Nicobar islands 

733. Which group of islands are broadly divided by the Elev­enth Degree Channel? 

734. How many islands are there in the Lakshadweep islands? 

735. Which mountain range runs in a North East to South West direction along the Thar Desert? 
The Aravalli Range

736. Which is considered as the oldest mountain range in India? 
The Aravalli

737. Which mountain range separates the drainage basin of Ganga on the North from the Deccan Plateau on the South? 
The Vindhya Range

738. Which mountain range is comprised of a series of seven mountains? 
The Satpura Range

739. Which mountain range is situated between the Narmada & the Tapti rivers?
The Satpura 

740. Which mountain range forms the Western boundary of the Deccan Plateau?
The Western Ghats (Sahyadri)

741. What is the length of the West­ern Ghats?
1600 KM 

742. Which mountain range's important mountains are Pachmarhi & Amarkantak? 
The Satpura

743. Which is the highest peak in peninsular India, situated in the Western Ghats? 
Anamudi (2695 M)

744. Which range runs parallel to the Coromandel coast? 
Eastern Ghats

745. Which is the highest peak in the Eastern Ghats?

746. The wettest places in the world Mawsynram & Cherrapunji belongs to which Indian state? 

747. Koyna, Tungabhadra and Bhi­ma are the major tributaries of the....... river.

748. What is the term for a partially enclosed body of water along the coast where freshwater from rivers and streams meets and mixes with saltwater from the ocean? 

749. The International Date Line is an imaginary line on the sur­face of the Earth, that runs from north to the South Pole and demar­cates one calendar day from the next. It passes through the middle of which ocean? 
Pacific Ocean

750. The Bhimbetka rock shelters are archaeological heritage sites located in the Raisen District of state? 
Madhya Pradesh

751. The atmospheric layer where ionization affects the transmission of radio waves is called. 

752. Which mountain hills in Tamil Nadu lie at the junction of the Eastern and Western Ghats? 
Nilgiri Hills 

753. Which is the mountain range that lies between the Tapthi river in the North and Kanyakumari in the south? 
eastern Ghat

754. is the only river that flows through Rajasthan plain and reaches the Arabian sea through the marshes of Rann of Kachch? 
Luni river 

755. ----------------- is the second-longest river in Kerala. 

756. Name the volcanic island that belongs to the Andaman group of Island? 
Barren Island

757. The Palakkad gap is the larg­est pass in Western Ghat. It connects Palakkad and -------

758. Which was the first factory in India to produce Urea and Am­monium Sulphate? 

759. The northern part of the west coastal plain is known as?

760. The first marine eco-sensitive zone in India is 
Gulf of Kutch 

761. the river is the only tributary of Indus, which flows fully in India?

762. The proportion of forest to the total geographical area of India, as envisaged by National Forest 
33 per cent

763. The Kanha, Parma, Band­havgarh, Satpura and Sanjay tiger reserves are in which state? 
Madhya Pradesh 

764. Name the 53-kilometre passage through the Hindu Kush moun­tain range, which connects the northern frontier of Pakistan with Afghanistan?
Khyber Pass 

765. Indira Point - the southernmost point of land in the territory of India is situated on the island of ----------
Great Nicobar 

766. Keradweep is in which state?
Dhumbur in Tripura 

767. the lake is the largest freshwater lake in northeast India?
Loktak (Manipur) 

768. Which state has the largest for­est area in percentage?

769. The Union Territory having the largest area under forest cover is -------------
Andaman Nicobar

770. Kelucharan Mahapathra was an exponent in .....

771. Garba, a popular folk dance is associated with which Indian state

772. Bhangra is the folk dance of ------------

773. The famous Sun Temple is in which Indian State? 

774. The most prevalent folk dance of Uttar Pradesh is ------------

775. Tirupati Temple of Lord Ven­kateswara is situated in the state of ------------
Andhra Pradesh 

776. Madhubani, a style of paint­ing, is popular in which Indian state? 

777. Which Indian state banned the forceful religious conversions?
Tamil Nadu 

778. Which is the classical dance form of Assam?

779. What is the name of the outer­most solid part of the Earth? 

780. What is the normal thickness of the crust? 
8-40 Kms

781. Nearly what per cent of Earth's volume is constituted by the crust? 
1 per cent

782. Which are the major constituent elements of the crust?
Silica & Aluminium 

783. The discontinuity between the hydrosphere & the crust is known as-------
Conrad discontinuity 

784. The portion of the interior be­yond the crust is called -----­ 

785. What is the name of the discon­tinuity between the crust & the mantle? 
Mohorovich discontinuity

786. What is the average thickness of the mantle?

787. Nearly 84 per cent of the Earth's volume & 67 per cent of the  Earth's mass is occupied by-----­

788. Which elements are the major constituents of the mantle?
Silicon & Magnesium 

789. The uppermost solid part of the mantle & the entire crust constitutes ------ 
The lithosphere

790. What is the name of the me­chanically weak and ductile, deforming region of the upper mantle which lies just below the lithosphere? 
The Asthenosphere

791. What is the name of the disconti­nuity between the upper mantle & the lower mantle?
Repetti discontinuity 

792. Which is the innermost layer surrounding the Earth 's centre? 

793. The core is separated from the mantle by -------discontinuity

794. What are the main constituents of tile Earth's crust? 
Iron and Nickel 

795. What are the most common types of igneous rocks? 
Basalt, granite, andesite, dacite, dolerite, gabbro, diorite, obsidian, scoria & nepheline

796. Which are the most common metamorphic rocks? 
Schist, marble, slate, quartz­ite, gneiss, phyllite, serpent-serpentinite, eclogite & amphibolite 

797. The most rocks on the sur­face of the Earth is composed of which type of rocks? 
Sedimentary rocks 

798. What are the most common sedimentary rocks? 
Chalk, coal, gypsum, clay­ stone, limestone, dolomite, mudstone, shale, breccia, chert, siltstone 

799. The core constitutes nearly---­-- per cent of Earth's volume? 

800. What is the name of the discon­tinuity between the upper core & lower core? 
Lehmann discontinuity 

801. ---------- is sometimes used to refer the core of the Earth or sometimes the whole interior

802. Which type of rock is known as 'the Mother of all rocks'? 
The igneous rocks 

803. Which type of rocks are gener­ally the hardest & heaviest of all rocks? 
Igneous rocks 

804. Which type of rocks are formed from the cooling of magma & often has large crystals? 
igneous rocks 

805. Which is the only rock that floats in water? 

806. Which rock is also known as 'the foam of the Sea'? 

807. What type of rock is pumice? 
Volcanic rock 

808. The igneous rocks formed at some depth in the Earth's crust is known as------- 
Plutonic rocks 

809. Which type of igneous rock is granite? 
Plutonic rock

810. Which type of igneous rock is basalt?
Volcanic rock 

811. Which type of rocks are also known as stratified rocks? 
Sedimentary rocks

812. Which type of rocks often con­tain fossils of animals, plants & other microorganisms?
Sedimentary rock 

813. ---------is an example of the mechanically formed sedimentary rock 

814. The peat, lignite & coal are generally known as ...... rocks
Carbonaceous (a type of sedimen­tary rock) 

815. The limestone undergoes metamorphic changes and forms 

816. Which type of mountains are formed along convergent plate boundaries? 
Fold mountains

817. The fold mountains are created through a process called .......

Block mountains 

819. At the time of the formation of the block mountains, the uplifted blocks are called ....... 

820. In the formation of block moun­tains, the lowered blocks are called------ 

821. The Rhine Valley & the Vosges mountain in Europe are examples of ...... 
Block mountains

822. Which type of valleys are formed along the fault lines of block mountains? 
Rift valleys

823. What is the name of the moun­tain formed due to volcanic ac­tivity? 
Volcanic mountain

824. Mount Kilimanjaro & Mount Fujiyama are examples of----­
Volcanic mountains 

825. Which type of mountains are formed by denudation? 
Residual mountains

826. Which type of mountain is India's Aravalli?
Residual mountain 

827. Which are the examples of fold mountains? 
The Himalayas, the Andese­ the Alps

828. Which type of mountains be­long to the younger category? 
Fold mountains 

829. Which type of mountains are composed of sedimentary rocks?
Fold mountains 

830. Which type of mountains are called 'the mountains of eleva­tion', since the rock strata have been elevated to great heights?
Fold mountains 

831. The Rockies are an example for --­--- mountains 
Fold mountains

832. The Black Forest & the Hunsruck Mountains are examples of---­-- mountains 
Block mountains 

833. What is the name of the elevat­ed uplands with extensive level surfaces? 

834. The plateaux are sometimes referred to as ------­

835. What is the name of the plateau, formed by earth movements? 
Tectonic plateau

836. When plateau is enclosed by fold mountains, they are known as------- 
Intermont plateau 

837. Which type of plateaux is the highest & the most extensive plateau in the world?
Interment plateau 

838. The Tibetan Plateau is an exam­ple for------ plateau 
Intermountain plateau

839. When the molten lava solidifies to form a plateau, it is known as ------- 
Volcanic plateau

840. The North-western part of the Deccan Plateau is an example for
Volcanic plateau 

841. Situated in South America, which is the most remarkable plateau built by lava?
The Columbia-Snake Plateau 

842. Which type of plateau is formed by the process of weathering & erosion by running water, ice & winds? 
Dissected plateau

843. The Scottish Highlands are ex­ample for ------
Dissected plateau 

844. An area of lowland, either level or undulating & seldom rises more than a few hundred feet is known as ------

845. Which type of plains are formed by the horizontally bedded rocks? 
Structural Plains

846. The Russian Platform, the Great Plains of the USA are examples of
Structural Plains

847. Which plains are formed by the deposition of materials brought by various agents of transporta­tion?
Depositional Plains 

848. The alluvial plains, flood plains & deltaic plains are examples for 
Depositional plains

849. The Ganges delta is an example for which type of plain?
Depositional plain 

850. The outwash plains are formed by the activity of ---------------

851. Which agents work behind the formation of coastal plains?
Wind and waves 

852. The work of which agent re­sults in the formation of loess plateau?

853. What is the name of the plains carved by the agents of erosion? 
Erosional plains 

854. Which type of plains are also known in the name of 'Pene­ plains'?
Erosional plains 

855. Kaziranga National Park - Assam
856. Manas National Park - Assam 
857. Valmiki National Park - Bihar
858. Indravati National Park - Chattisgarh
859. Hazaribagh National Park - Jharkhand
860. Kanha National Park - Madhya Pradesh
861. Dudhwas National Park - Uttar Pradesh
862. Nanda Devi National Park - Uttarakhand 

863. Kashmir valley - Jammu & Kashmir 
864. Kangara valley - Himachal Pradesh 
865. Kullu valley- Himachal Pradesh
866. Manali valley - Himachal Pradesh 

867. Pahalgam - Jammu and Kashmir 
868. Sonamarg- Jammu and Kashmir 
869. Gulmarg- Jammu and Kashmir
870. Dalhousie - Himachal Pradesh 
871. Mussorie - Uttarakhand
872. Almora - Uttarakhand 
873. Darjeeling - West Bengal 

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