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Facts about India - 2100 Questions and Answers -2

Facts about India - 2100 Questions and Answers -2

201. On which day Gandhiji was assassinated?

202. Who was the leader of Dharma Sabha which has the chief objective to counteract the propaganda of Brahma Samaj?
Radhakant Dev

203. Who wrote the book ‘Gandhi and Anarchy’?
C.Sankaran Nair

204.The prime minister who signed on Lahore Declaration with Nawaz Sherif of Pakistan:
A B Vajpayee

205.The autobiography of Morarji Desai:
Story of My Life

206. Who succeeded Rajiv Gandhi as minister of India:

207.To whom did Jawaharlal Nehru dedicate his autobiography?
Kamala Nehru

208.The final resting place of Jawaharlal Nehru:
Santhi Van

209. Who performed the role of Jawaharlal Nehru in the film ‘Gandhi’?
Roshan Seth

210.The first bank in India-
Bank of Hindustan

211. Kirit Parikh Committee was set up to review-
Petroleum pricing

212. Depreciation means-
loss of equipment over time due to wear and tear

213. Disinvestment in Public Sector is called?

214. India changed over to the decimal system of coinage in-
April 1957

215. The money value of goods and services-producing in a country during a year is called-
National Income

216. How many banks were nationalised in 1980?

217. The Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India Limited (ICICI) was founded in –

218.The founder of Oriental Life Insurance Company-
 Anita Bhavsar

219. Where is the head office of New India Assurance?

220. The celebrated work on Indian economic history ‘The Industrial Evolution in India in recent Times’ was written by-

221.The apex bank of industrial credit in India.

222. The first National Income Committee was constituted in the year-

223.The full form of ‘P.P.P.’ in the financial world-
Purchasing Power Parity

224.The prominent function of Central Statistical Organisation-
To collect national income statistics

225. The headquarters of Allahabad bank is in

226. The economic planning proposed by eight leading industrialists in 1945 is known as
Mumbai plan

227.The insurance company that was founded by Dorab Tata-
New India Assurance

228. NAFED is connected with-
Agricultural marketing

229. The identifying number given to the income taxpayers by the Department is-
Permanent Account Number (PAN)

230. Which five-year plan was called the Harrold Domer model?
First FYP

231. A multinational is –
A company operating in many countries

232. Economic growth is usually coupled with

233. In which country Green Revolution was started?

234. National Development Council was formed in:

235. The ex officio chairman of the National Development Council is:
Prime Minister

236. The first book on Indian Planning entitled ‘Planned Economy’ for India was the attempt of-

237. The first Insurance company was established for Indians-
Bombay Mutual Life Assurance Society

238. The Panchayat Raj system was introduced in 1959 under the recommendation of:
Balwant Rai Mehta Committee

239. Repo rate means-
The rate at which RBI sells securities in Commercial Bank

240.Father of Green Revolution in India

241. In which area priority was given in the first Five year Plan?

242. In which field Co-operative Movement was started for the first time in India?
Agricultural Credit

243. When was the New Liberalized Industrial Policy was announced in India?

244.The main objective of Prime Minister’s Grama Sadak Yojana(PMGSY)-
To construct all-weather roads to connect hilly areas and main roads

245. People’s Plan was envisaged by-

246.Which Five Year Plan is referred to as ‘Industrial and Transport Plan’? 

247. India copied the idea of Five Year Plans from:
The former Soviet Union

248. The Ashok Mehta Committee was appointed in:

249. The Rolling Plan concept in National Planning was introduced by:
Janatha Government

250. Where is the National Institute of Rural Development situated?

251. Who is known as the Father of Indian Budget?

252. Who was the Prime Minister of  India when Prime Minister Rozgar Yojana (PMRY) was started?  
PV Narasimha Rao

253. Who gave the slogan “Garibi Hatao”(Eradicate Poverty)?
Indira Gandhi

254. The Balwant Rai Mehta Committee was appointed by:
National DevelopmentCounci 

255. Which body compiles the national income of India?
Central Statistical Organisation

256. The first Five year Plan was started in:

257. The major emphasis of the Third Five Year Plan was-
Making India self-reliant

258. During which Five Year Plan, the Twenty Point Programme (TPP) was launched by Indira Gandhi?

259.The first Asian country to start Community Development Project:

260. What are the functions of the Phiroze Jeejeebhoy Towers?
Bombay Stock Excahnge

261.The originator of the Human Development Index:
Mahbub ul Haq

262. The Indian capital market is under the control of:

263. The acronym SEBI stands for:
Securities and Exchange Board of India

264. The monetary policy in India is formulated by:
Reserve Bank of India

265. The return on debentures is called:

266.The south Indian city which is the hub of the automobile industry:

267. Which nation is considered to be the originator of the concept of microfinance?

268. Bombay Mutual Life Assurance Society was founded in:

269. Green Revolution in India is also known as:
Seed, fertilizer and  irrigation revolution

270. The first jute mill in India was established in 1854 at Rishra near....

271.The industry which laid the foundation of industrialisation in India: 
Cotton textiles

272. The main competitor for the Indian jute industry is:

273. Who is known as the father of Indian industry:
Jamshedji Tata

274.The second-largest agriculture-based industry in India:

275. The head office of United India Insurance Company Limited is at:

276. In which year did Oriental Insurance CompanyLtd become a subsidiary of LIC?

277. In which year New India Assurance company was founded? 

278. Oriental Life Insurance Company was started in: 

279. The first modern paper mill in India was established in Sehrampur in ....... in1832.  
West Bengal

280. The first modern silk manufacturing unit was 1832.

281. Which is known as the Steel City of India:

284. The monument where the Prime Minister of India raises the flag of India every year on Independence Day.:
Red Fort

285. The ......... plays a key role in the Sherlock Holmes mystery The Sign of the Four, by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
Agra Fort                         

286. The profound influence of which religion can be seen in Ajanta Caves?

287. Which dynasty constructed Charminar?
Qutub Shahi

288. The height of Gateway of India:
26 m (85 ft)

289. In 1945, the courts-martial of three officers of the Indian National Army was held at:
Red Fort

290.  Which Indian monument witnesses every year the Republic Day Parade?
India Gate

291.  In which century Juma Masjid of Delhi, the largest mosque in India, was built?

292. Which fort is famous for its gates- the "Delhi Gate" and the "Lahore Gate."
Red Fort                                      

293. Lal Chand Usta was the chief architect of:
Hawa Mahal                                 

294. The only hill station in Rajasthan:
Mount Abu                                  

295. Mussoorie is a hill station in........ where the Lal Bahadur Shastri Academy of Administration is situated:

296. Nainital is a hill station which is also the seat of High Court of:

297. Which hill station in Madhya Pradesh is known as the ‘Queen of Satpuras’?

298. Ranikhet is a hill station in:

299. Ranchi is a hill station in:

300. The state capital in India is situated at the highest altitude:

301. Yercaud is a hill station...... in Shevaroy Hills.
(a) Tamil Nadu                                      (b) Karnataka
(c) Andhra Pradesh                                (d) Orissa
Answer: (a)

302. Which is not in Tamil Nadu?
(a) Udagamandalam                              (b) Kodaikanal
(c) Coorg                                                   (d) Yercaud
Answer: (c)

303. The highest hill station in South India:
(a) Yercaud                                               (b) Munnar
(c) Udagamandalam                               (d) Kodaikanal
Answer: (c)

304. The Dargah of Sufi saint Khwaja Muinuddin Chisti is in: 
(a) Ajmer                                                  (b) Agra
(c) Fatepur Sikri (d) Jaipur
Answer: (a)

305. The four most sacred pilgrimage places of Buddhists are Lumbini, Kushinagar, Saranath and......
(a) Vaisali (b) Rajagriha
(c) Bodh Gaya (d) Pavapuri
Answer: (c)

306. Char Dham, the sacred shrines of Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Yamunotri related to:
(a) Jains                                           (b) Buddhists
(c) Hindus                                       (d) Parsis
Answer: (c)

307. Which is also called ‘Darbar Sahib’?
(a) Harmandir Sahib                      (b) Somnath Temple
(c) Khajuraho temple                    (d) Amarnath Temple
Answer: (a)

308. Which pilgrimage centre of Hindus is also known by the name Mayapur?
(a) Rishikesh                                  (b) Haridwar
(c) Nasik                                          (d) Ujjain
Answer: (b)

309. In which country is Mansarovar?
(a) China                                             (b) India
(c) Pakistan                                        (d) Nepal
Answer: (a)

310.  The place where Lord Krishna was born?
(a) Mathura                                     (b) Dwaraka
(c) Ayodhya (d) Prayag
Answer: (a)

311. The place which was the temporary residence of Rama during the 14 years of exile?
(a) Ayodhya                                        (b) Lanka
(c) Kishkindha                                       (d) Nasik
Answer: (d)

312. The place where Ganga, Yamuna and mythical Saraswati meet:
(a) Devaprayag (b) Agra
(c) Haridwar (d) Prayag
Answer: (d)

313. The place where Lord Rama built a bridge across the sea:
(a) Rameswaram (b) Ayodhya
(c) Haridwar                                        (d) Nasik
Answer: (a)

314. The train that covers the longest distance:
(a) Kerala Express                                 (b) Taj Express
(c) Vivek Express (d) Himasagar Express
Answer: (a)

315. Himasagar Express covers a distance of:
(a) 4000                                                  (b) 3751 km
(c) 2933                                                 (d) 3214
Answer: (b)

316. The headquarters of Konkan Railway is Belapur House in:
(a) Navy Mumbai                              (b) Mangalore
(c) Chennai                                         (d) New Delhi
Answer: (a)

317. The train that connects India and Pakistan:
(a) Maitri Express (b) Samjhota Express
(c) Shaheed Express                    (d) Taj Express
Answer: (b)

318. Thar Express connects India and.....
(a) Bangladesh                               (b) Nepal
(c) Pakistan                                     (d) None of these
Answer: (c)

319. Maitri Express connects India and:
(a) Nepal                                              (b) Pakistan
(c) Bangladesh                                   (d) None of these
Answer: (c)

320. Which train runs between Attari (India) and Wagha (Pakistan) ?
(a) Thar Express                                     (b) Samjhota Express
(c) Maitri Express                                    (d) None of these
Answer: (b)

321. The colour of Rajdhani Express trains:
(a) Red                               (b) Blue          
(c) Yellow                                            (d) Green
Answer: (a)

322. The colour of ordinary trains in India:
(a) Yellow                                               (b) Yellow
(c) Green                                                (d) Blue
Answer: (d)

323. The distance of rails in metre gauge:
(a) 1000mm                                         (b) 1676 mm
(c) 762mm                                            (d) 610mm
Answer: (a)

324. India is the birthplace of four major religions Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and.......
(a) Parsi religion                                    (b) Bahai religion
(c) Shintoism                                           (d) Sikh religion
Answer: (d)

325. The second-largest religion in India:
(a) Christianity                                            (b) Islam
(c) Sikh religion (d) Parsi relgion
Answer: (b)

326. The largest minority religion in India:
(a) Sikh religion                                          (b) Christianity
(c) Islam                                                      (d) Bahai religion
Answer: (c)

327. The third-largest religion in India:
(a) Christianity                                           (b) Islam
(c) Parsi religion                                     (d) Sikh religion
Answer: (a)

328. India has the largest number of ........ in the world:
(a) Parsis                                                  (b) Bahais
(c) Sikhs                                                     (d) All of these
Answer: (d)

329.  India has .......... largest number of Muslims in the world:
(a) Second                                    (b) Third
(c) Fourth                                     (d) Fifth
Answer: (b)

330. The non-Muslim majority country with the largest Muslim population:
(a) Indonesia                                  (b) Bangladesh
(c) India (d) USA
Answer: (c)

331.  The Indian state with the largest percentage of Muslims:
(a) Kerala                                          (b) Uttar Pradesh
(c) Jammu Kashmir                          (d) Orissa
Answer: (c)

332. Which Union Territory/State has the largest percentage of Muslims:
(a) Jammu Kashmir                                 (b) Kerala
(c) Lakshadweep                                     (d) Delhi
Answer: (c)

333. Which region in India has some Christian majority states?
(a) Western                                                  (b) Southern
(c) Central                                                   (d) North East
Answer: (d)

334. Indian Institute of Petroleum is at:
(a) Mumbai                                                (b) Chennai
(c) Digboi (d) Dehra Dun
Answer: (d)

335. Which is not situated in Bangalore?
(a) Indian Institute of Science
(b) National Aeronautical Laboratory
(c) Tuberculosis Research Centre
(d) National Tuberculosis Institute
Answer: (c)

336. Which is not in Lucknow?
(a) National Botanical Research Institute
(b) Industrial Toxicological Research Centre
(c) Central Drug Research Institute
(d) Central Food Technological Research Institute
Answer: (d)

337. Select the wrongly matched:
(a) All India Malaria Institute- New Delhi
(b) Cholera Research Centre- Mumbai
(c) King Institute of Preventive Medicine- Chennai
(d) National Institute of Mental Health- Bangalore
Answer: (b)

338. National Institute of Communicable Diseases is located at:
(a) New Delhi                                         (b) Kolkata
(c) Chennai (d) Pune
Answer: (a)

339. National Institute of Oceanography is located at:
(a) New Delhi                                              (b) Mumbai
(c) Panaji                                                      (d) Cochin
Answer: (c)

340. Where is the Indian Institute of Sugar Technology?
(a) New Delhi                                          (b) Kanpur
(c) Ranchi                                                 (d) Mumbai
Answer: (b)

341. Indian Lac Research Institute is at:
(a) Patna (b) Dhanbad
(c) Jamshedpur                                        (d) Ranchi
Answer: (d)

342. National Chemical Laboratory is at:
(a) New Delhi                                        (b) Ahmedabad
(c) Nasik (d) Pune
Answer: (d)

343. National Metallurgical Laboratory is at:
(a) Jamshedpur                                      (b) Dhanbad
(c) Bangalore                                            (d) New Delhi
Answer: (a)

344. The headquarters of the Indian Army:
(a) New Delhi                                          (b) Kolkata
(c) Mumbai                                              (d) Chennai
Answer: (a)

345. Who is regarded as the father of the Indian Army?
(a) Pethic Lawrence                           (b) Stringer Lawrence
(c) Dalhousie                                        (d) Cornwallis
Answer: (b)

346. The first Indian to become the Commander-in chief of the Indian Army:
(a) Manekshaw                                   (b) SM Mukherjee
(c) KM Kariappa                                  (d) None of these
Answer: (c)

347. India’s first military base outside India is in the country of:
(a) Tajikistan                                       (b) Kazakhstan
(c) Uzbekistan                                    (d) Kyrgistan
Answer: (a)

348. Where is Armed Forces Medical College?
(a) Dehra Dun (b) Pune
(c) New Delhi                                            (d) Kolkata
Answer: (b)

349. Where is National Defence Academy?
(a) Dehra Dun                                       (b) New Delhi
(c) Khadakvasla (d) Mussorie
Answer: (c)

350. The first Field Marshall of independent India:
(a) KM Kariappa                                   (b) Manekshaw
(c) Arjan Singh                                       (d) None of these
Answer: (b)

351. The second Field Marshall of independent India:
(a) Arjan Singh                                 (b) KM Kariappa
(c) Manekshaw                                  (d) None of these
Answer: (b)

352. The first indigenously built missile of India:
(a) Priti (b) Nag
(c) Agni                                             (d) Trishul
Answer: (a)

353. The first indigenously built air-to-air missile of India:
(a) Maitri (b) Astra
(c) Nag (d) Akash
Answer: (b)

354. The chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission when India conducted its first nuclear explosion:
(a) Homi Sethna                                 (b) Raja Ramanna
(c) Nag Chaudhuri (d) Homi Bhabha
Answer: (a)

355. In which district is Pokhran?
(a) Jaipur                                                 (b) Ajmer
(c) Alwar                                                (d) Jaisalmer
Answer: (d)

356. Who is regarded as the father of the atom bomb of India:
(a) Raja Ramanna (b) Nag Chaudhuri
(c) Homi Sethna                                     (d) PK Iyengar
Answer: (a)

357. The first country which is not a permanent member of the UN Security Council to conduct a nuclear experiment:
(a) Pakistan                                                 (b) South Korea
(c) Iran (d) India
Answer: (d)

358. Name the country which helped India with the development and execution of nuclear devices in 1974:
(a) France                                              (b) Canada
(c) Australia                                           (d) Russia
Answer: (b)

359. Prime Minister of India during the Pokhran explosion of 1998:
(a) Dewegouda                                      (b) VP Singh
(c) Chandrasekhar (d) AB Vajpayee
Answer: (d)

360. India conducted a second nuclear experiment in the year:
(a) 1998                                                (b) 1999
(c) 2000                                                 (d) 2001
Answer: (a)

361. Apsara started functioning in:
(a) 1954                                               (b) 1955
(c) 1956                                                (d) 1958
Answer: (c)

362. Tarapur Atomic power station started functioning in:
(a) 1967                                             (b) 1968
(c) 1969                                               (d) 1970
Answer: (c)

363. India’s second nuclear reactor:
(a) Cirus                                              (b) Zerlina
(c) Dhruva (d) Kamini
Answer: (a)

364. The Viceroy of British India who resigned over the question of Egypt:
(a) Curzon                                                           (b) Dufferin
(c) Ripon                                                              (d) Minto II
Answer: (c)

365. The word ‘National’ was added to the name of Congress during the Nagpur session of:
(a) 1891                                                                    (b) 1892
(c) 1897                                                                     (d) 1899
Answer: (a)

366. The word ‘Swaraj’ was first used in the Congress platform in the 1906 session of:
(a) Pune                                                                 (b) Lucknow
(c) Letters (d) Kolkata
Answer: (d)

367. The year of ‘Black hole’ episode of Calcutta:
(a) 1755                                                                 (b) 1756
(c) 1757                                                                 (d) 1758
Answer: (b)

368. Ulgulan was a movement of the:
(a) Agarias (b) Juang
(c) Worlds (d) Hos
Answer: (c)

369. What was the real name of Bahadur Shah I, who emerged victorious in the war of succession after Aurangazeb?
(a) Muazzam                                                          (b) Salim
(c) Farid                                                                  (d) Khurram
Answer: (a)

370. Which modern historian opined that “the so-called First National War of Independence of 1857 is neither First, nor national, nor War of Independence.”?     
(a) S.N.Sen                                                                (b) Tara Chand
(c) RCMajumdar (d) KKDutta
Answer: (c)

371. Which session of the Indian National Congress decided to reorganise Provincial Congress Committees on the basis of linguistic areas:
(a) 1920 Nagpur                                                     (b) 1911 Kolkata
(c) 1916 Lucknow                                                  (d) 1924 Belgaum
Answer: (a)

372. Which tribal leader was regarded as an incarnation of God and Father of the World?
(a) Kanhu Santha (b) Rupa Naik
(c) Birsa Munda (d) Joria Bhagat
Answer: (c)

373. Who among the following was the editor of ‘Deenabandhu’?
(a) Dadabhai Naoroji (b) Jotiba Phule
(c) Robert Knight                                                     (d) Manmohan Ghosh
Answer: (b)

374. The year of ‘Black hole’ episode of Calcutta:
(a) 1755                                                                 (b) 1756
(c) 1757                                                                 (d) 1758
Answer: (b)

375. What was the real name of Bahadur Shah I, who emerged victorious in the war of succession after Aurangazeb?
(a) Muazzam                                                          (b) Salim
(c) Farid                                                                  (d) Khurram
Answer: (a)

376. Who was the founder of Amritsar?
Guru Ram Das

377. What important event in Indian or World History took place in the year 712
Arabs conquered Sindh

378. What was the court language of Mughals?

379. Who was the head of the British Government in India when the Congress for the first time passed its famous resolution for complete independence at Lahore?
Lord Irwin

380. When was the first Atom Bomb exploded?

381. In which year was the first General Elections (after independence) in India took place?

382. In which year was China attacked India?

383. In which year ``Quit India'' Movement was launched by Indian National Congress?

384. Goa was liberated on

385. In which year did Asoka conquer Kalinga?
261 BC

386. In which year was the Third Battle of Panipat fought?

387. In which year was Bangladesh Liberated?

388. In which year East India Company was established?
1600 AD

389. In which year was Jesus Christ Born?
BC 4

390. Ajanta paintings depict scenes from?
Jataka tales

391. In which year was Martin Luthar King Assassinated?

392. Pushyabhuti dynasty ruled over?

393. The Aryan came to India from ......
Central Asian

394. In which year Portuguese capture Goa?
1510 AD

395. In which year was Jesus Christ Crucified?
33 AD

396. The partition of Bengal was carried out under the rule of ............?
Lord Curzon

397. Emperor Kanishka belonged to ........... dynasty?

398. Megasthenes visited India during the reign of?
Chandra Gupta Maurya

399. The first women ruler of Delhi was?
Razia Sultana

400. The Capital of Pallavas?
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