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Information Technology (Questions & Answers ) - 05

Information Technology (Questions & Answers ) - 05

601. A temporary storage area used to hold information that is being transferred from one program to another:
(a) Clipboard (b) Buffer
(c) Memory (d) Swap
Answer: (a)

602. Which of the following languages is frequently used to design web pages?
(a)COBOL (b) C
(c) PASCAL (d)  JAVA
Answer: (d)

603. What command do you use to remove files from a disc?
(a)Copy files (b) Move files
(c) Delete files (d) Close files
Answer: (c)

604. Which of the following is not an example of an output device?
(a)CRT Monitor   (b) Voice recognition device
(c) DOT Matrix Printer (d) LCD
Answer: (b)

605. Which of the following is the fastest printer?
(a)Laser (b) Ink Jet
(c) Dot-matrix (d) Plotter
Answer: (a)

606. You can keep your personal files/folders in:
(a)My Folder  (b) My Documents
(c) My Files (d) My Text
Answer: (b)

607. The process of transferring files from a computer on the internet to your
the computer is called:
(a)Downloading (b) Uploading
(c) Downsize (d)  JPEG
Answer: (a)

608. When you save to this, your data will remain intact even when the computer
is turned off:
(a)RAM (b) Motherboard
(c) Secondary storage device  (d) Primary storage device
Answer: (d)

609. The basic unit of a worksheet into which you enter data in Excel is called a:
(a) Tab (b) Cell
(c) Box (d)  Range
Answer: (b)

610. The most common type of storage devices are:
(a)Persistent (b) Optical
(c) Magnetic (d) Flash
Answer: (c)

611. Reusable optical storage will typically have the acronym:
(a) CD (b) DVD
(c) ROM (d) RW
Answer: (d)

612. _____ is the process of dividing the disc into tracks and sectors.
(a) Tracking (b) Formatting
(c) Crashing (d)  Allotting
Answer: (b)

613. A central computer that holds collections of data and programs for many PCs, workstations, and other computers is:
(a) Supercomputer (b) Minicomputer
(c) Laptop (d) Server
Answer: (d)

614. What is the process of copying software programs from secondary storage media to the hard disc is called:
(a) Configuration (b) Download
(c) Upload (d) Installation
Answer: (d)

615. A ___ is the term used when  a search engine returns a web page that matches the search engine:
(a) blog (b) hit
(c) link (d) view
Answer: (c)

616. Computers use the ____ number system to store data and perform calculations:
(a) binary (b) octal
(c) decimal (d) hexadecimal
Answer: (a)

617. Which of the following is a program that uses a variety of different approaches to identify and eliminate spam?
(a) Directory search (b) Anti spam program
(c) Web server (d)  Web storefront
Answer: (b)

618. A DVD is an example of:
(a) Hard disc (b) Optical disc
(c) Input device (d)  Solid-state storage device
Answer: (b)

619. The portion of a disc that contains no stored data, but may contain latent data is called:
(a) RAM Slack (b) A Cluster
(c) Swap space (d) Unallocated space
Answer: (a)

620. The name of the location of a particular piece of data is its____.
(a) Memory name (b) Address
(c) Storage site (d) Data location
Answer: (b)

621. The address of the first cell in the worksheet is:
(a) 1 (b) A
(c) A1 (d) 1A
Answer: (c)

622. A prescribed set of well-defined rules or processes for the solution of a problem in a series of steps is called:
(a) Flow chart (b) Algorithm
(c) Program (d)  Direction of flow
Answer: (b)

623. Nibble contains:
(a) 16 bits (b) 8 bits
(c) 32 bits (d) 4 bits
Answer: (d)

624. Spoken messages may be stored and forwarded by:
(a) Video conferencing (b) Voice mail system
(c) Email (d) Expert system
Answer: (b)

625. Data items grouped together for the storage purpose are called a:
(a) Title (b) List
(c) String (d) Record
Answer: (d)

626. Graphics are inserted in:
(a) Frame (b) Box
(c) Page (d) None of these
Answer: (a)

627. RTF stands for:
(a) Real-Time Fonts (b) Real-Time Files
(c) Rich Text Format (d) Rich Text Fonts
Answer: (c)

628. Decision tables link conditions and:
(a) Tables (b) Programs
(c) Actions (d) None of these
Answer: (c)

629. The template function declaration specifies:
(a) Template class (b) A generic class
(c) Exception (d) Identifier
Answer: (b)

630. Programming errors generally fall into which of the following categories?
(a) Syntax errors (b) Execution errors
(c) Logical errors (d) All of these
Answer: (d)

631. The name a user assigns to a document is called a(n):
(a) Filename (b) Program
(c) Record (d) Data
Answer: (a)

632. Modem refers to:
(a) Modulator (b) Modulation
(c) Modulator and demodulator
(d) Modern modes of communication
Answer: (c)

633. The programming language FORTRAN is mainly used for:
(a) Data processing applications
(b) Scientific applications
(c) Real-time applications
(d) None of these
Answer: (b)

634. A byte is made up of:
(a) 8 bits (b) 7 bits
(c) 16 bits (d) None of these
Answer: (a)

635. When a computer suddenly stops working, it is said to be:
(a) Crashed (b) Bugged
(c) Hanged (d) Held up
Answer: (c)

636. Which of the following is a Web Browser?
(a) Paint (b) Fire fox
(c) Power Point (d) Word
Answer: (b)

637. What is correcting errors in a program called?
(a) Grinding (b) Interpreting
(c) Compiling (d) Debugging
Answer: (d)

638. To prepare a presentation/ slide show which application is commonly used?
(a) Photoshop (b) Outlook Express
(c) PowerPoint (d)  Internet Explorer
Answer: (c)

639. A repair for a known software bug, usually available at no charge on the internet, is called:
(a) Version (b) Ad-on
(c) Tutorial (d) Patch
Answer: (d)

640. Alta Vista is a:
(a) Programme (b) Software
(c) Browser (d)  Search engine
Answer: (d)

641. Most of the commonly used personal computers/laptops do not have a command key known as:
(a) Turnover (b) Shift
(c) Alter (d) Delete
Answer: (a)

642. The first recorded cybercrime was committed by:
(a) Joseph Mary Jacquard(b) Gulshankumar
(c) Pawan Duggal (d) Muhammad Feroz
Answer: (a)

643. Who discovered the Unix operating system?
(a) Angelbart (b) Paul Allen
(c) Dennis Ritchie (d) John Newman
Answer: (c)

644. Which one of the following is not a hardware of a computer?
(a) Monitor (b) CPU
(c) Windows (d) Keyboard
Answer: (c)

645. The storage that supplements the primary internal storage of a computer is known as:
(a) Back-end storage (b) Background storge
(c) Primary storage (d) Secondary storage
Answer: (d)

646. What is the full form of USB?
(a) Universal Security Block(b) Ultra Serial Block
(c) United Service Block (d) Universal Serial Bus
Answer: (d)

647. The vast network of computers that connects millions of people all over the world is called:
(a) OUAN (b) Hypertext
(c) Interpol (d)   Internet
Answer: (d)

648. The primary purpose of the software is to turn the data into:
(a) Websites (b) Information
(c) Programs (d) Objects
Answer: (b)

649. The components of a computer system with the circuitry to control in control interpretation and execution of instructions is known as:
(a) ALU (b) Memory
(c) Control (d) CPU
Answer: (d)

650. Most of the commonly available personal computers/ laptops have a keyboard popularly known as:
Answer: (a)

651. Conversion of computer-generated result into human acceptable form is a function of:
(a) CPU (b) Input interface
(c) RAM (d)  Output interface
Answer: (d)

652. Which kind of software would you most likely use to keep track of a billing account?
(a) Word Processing (b) Electronic Publishing
(c) Spreadsheet (d)  Web authoring
Answer: (c)

653. Back up of a data file will help to prevent: 
(a) Loss of confidentiality(b) Duplication of data
(c) Virus attack (d) Loss of data
Answer: (d)

654. The part of a computer system containing the circutry that does the adding , subtracting, multiplying, dividing and comparing is called:
(a) Arithmetic-logic unit (b) Memory
(c) CPU (d) Monitor
Answer: (a)

655. The quickest and easiest way in Word, to locate a particular word or phrase in a document is to use the command:
(a) Replace (b) Find
(c) Search (d) Lookup
Answer: (b)

656. Who is known as ‘the father of personal computers’?
(a) Charles Babbage (b) Henri Edward Roberts
(c) Alan Turing (d) Edgar Rice Boroughs
Answer: (b)

657. The first computer virus:
(a) Kabir (b) Firewall
(c) Norton (d) Elk Cloner
Answer: (d)

658. Whenever we have to give space between two words while typing on a PC we have to press a key known as:
(a) Backspace (b) Shift
(c) Space bar (d) Control
Answer: (c)

659. Which one of the following has the smallest storage capacity?
(a) Zip disk (b) Hard disk
(c) Floppy Disk (d) Data cartridge
Answer: (c)

660. Which one of the following is not a computer programming language?
(a) C (b) C++
(c) Java (d) Microsoft
Answer: (d)

661. The term used to describe the intangible instructions that will tell the computer what to do is:
(a) Hardware (b) Software
(c) Storage (d)  Input/Output
Answer: (b)

662. Texts and graphics that have been cut or copied can be stored in an area called:
(a) Pasteboard (b) Copyboard
(c) Clipboard (d) Cutting board
Answer: (c)

663. The first mobile phone virus:
(a) Kabir (b) Orange
(c) Y2K (d) None of these
Answer: (a)

664. A compiler translates a program written in a high-level language into:
(a) Java (b) Algorithm
(c) Machine language (d) A debugged program
Answer: (c)

665. The word ‘Computer’ is originated from ......... language.
(a) German (b) Italian
(c) Latin (d) Spanish
Answer: (c)

666. What is the default file extension for all Word documents?
(a) WRD (b) TXT
(c) DOC (d) FIL
Answer: (c)

667. A program for viewing a web page is called:
(a) Word processor (b) Spreadsheet
(c) Protocol (d)  A browser
Answer: (d)

668. Text in a column generally aligned:
(a) Right (b) Left
(c) Centre (d)  Justified
Answer: (d)

669. A separate document from another program was sent along with an e-mail message:
(a) Attachment (b) Spam
(c) Junk (d) Bug
Answer: (a)

670. ‘Megabytes’ is the unit for measuring which of the following:
(a) Intensity of earthquake
(b) Memory capacity of a computer
(c) Intensity of wavelength
(d) None of these
Answer: (b)

671. An instrument that does the function of the human brain?
(a) Radar (b) Computer
(c) Radio (d) Televison
Answer: (b)

672. The _____ of the system includes the programs and instructions.
(a) Icon (b) Hardware
(c) Software (d) Informaton
Answer: (c)

673. The father of Super Computer:
(a) Charles Babbage (b) Glen Ricort
(c) Seymor Cray (d) Winton Surf
Answer: (c)

674. What is the most common way to get a virus in your computer’s hard disk?
(a) By installing games from their CDROMS
(b) By uploading pictures from mobile phones
(c) By opening e-mails (d)  By sending e-mails
Answer: (c)

675. What type of devices are computer speakers and headphones?
(a) Input (b) Input/output
(c) Software (d) Output
Answer: (d)

676. Lap Top Computer was discovered by:
(a) Sinclair (b) Schugart
(c) Charles Babbage (d) Blaise Pascal
Answer: (a)

677. A ____ is a unique name that you give to file information:
(a) Device letter (b) Filename
(c) Folder (d) Filename extension
Answer: (b)

678. The exponent of Hotmail:
(a) Glen Ricort (b) Winton Surf
(c) Sabir Bhatia (d) Rae Tomlinson
Answer: (c)

679. A ____ contains specific rules and words that express the logical steps of an algorithm:
(a) Programming language(b) Syntax
(c) Programming structure(d) Logic chart
Answer: (a)

680. An animated character that provides help and suggestions:
(a) Assistant (b) Cursor
(c) Spam (d)   Bug
Answer: (a)

681. Junk e-mail is also called:
(a) Spool (b) Spoof
(c) Sniffer script (d) Spam
Answer: (d)

682. A computer cannot perform which one of the following functions?
(a) Addition (b) Division
(c) Bake a cake (d) Subtraction
Answer: (c)

683. Which type of memory gets lost when you switch off a computer?
(a) ROM (b) RAM
(c) Cache (d) Dynamic
Answer: (a)

684. A device that connects to a computer network without the use of cables is said to be:
(a) Wireless (b) Distributed
(c) Centralised (d) Open source
Answer: (a)

685. What are .bas, .doc and htm examples of:
(a) Databases (b) Extensions
(c) Domains (d) Protocols
Answer: (b)

686. Which company developed 'WINDOWS'? 
Answer: Microsoft 

687. Determining whether an Internet site is a commercial (.com) or governmental (.gov) site helps determine its:
Answer: Purpose 

688. One Kilo byte= ..... bytes: 
Answer: 1024 

689. The first modem was invented by: 
Answer: Bell Company

690. The full form of C.D. 
Answer: Compact Disk 

691. The full form of 'PDF": 
Answer: Portable Document Formatting 

692. The full form of IBM: 
Answer: International Business Machines 

693. The first key on the left-hand side of the first row of the keyboard: 
Answer: Escape 

694. The key which is used to move the cursor to the beginning part of the matter: 
Answer: Home 

695. The oldest device for calculation: 
Answer: Abacus 

696. The domain name for government institutions: 
Answer: gov 

697. The domain name for India: 
Answer: in 

698. A marker used to indicate where the next character will be printed? 
Answer: Cursor 

699. Father of e-mail: 
Answer: Ray Tomlinson 

700. The brain of the computer: 
Answer: C.P.U.

701. The father of computer: 
Answer: Charles Babbage 

702. The first computer game: 
Answer: Space War 

703. The full form of U.P.S.: 
Answer: Uninterrupted Power Supply 

704. The invention related to Jack Kilby: 
Answer: Integrated Circuit 

705. The most common input device nowadays: 
Answer: Keyboard 

706. Which device is used to display graphics and information on the video screen? 
Answer: Monitor 

707. Which is the exact opposite of the 'space' key? 
Answer: Backspace 

708. Who discovered ‘Mouse'? 
Answer: Douglas Engelbart 

709. WWW stands for: 
Answer: World Wide Web 
710. Who discovered Calculator? 
Answer: Blaise Pascal 

711. The programs or instructions that tell the computer what to do: 
Answer: Software 

712. The first electronic computer: 
Answer: ENIAC 

713. ROM stands for: 
Answer: Read Only Memory 

714. The longest key of the keyboard: 
Answer: Space bar 

715. In the history of computers, the fifth generation was started in: 
Answer: 1980 

716. WINDOWS is a / an: 
Answer: Operating system 

717. Which company developed WORD? 
Answer: Microsoft 

718. Laser Printer was first introduced by: 
Answer: IBM 

719. All physical equipment and accessories of a system:
Answer:  Hardware 

720. The home page of a website is: 
Answer: The first page

721. 'DOS' means: 
Answer: Disk Operating System 

722. The first personal computer: 
Answer: The Altair 

723. In the abbreviation "HTML", the letter 'm' stands for: 
Answer: Markup 

724. 'Google' is a: 
Answer: Search engine 

725. Floppy Disk is usually located in- drive: 

726. A -------------shares hardware, software and data among authorised users: 
Answer: Network 

727. A device for converting digital data into sound signals which can be transmitted over telephone wires: 
Answer: Modem 

728. A website address is a unique name that identifies a specific-----------on the web:
Answer: Website 

729. An error is known as: 
Answer: Bug 

730. Antivirus software is an example of...........
Answer: A security utility 

731. Compact Disk was invented by: 
Answer: James T.Russel

732. Data going into the computer is called: 
Answer: Input 

733. In the abbreviation 'KBPS', the letter 'S' stands for:
Answer: Seconds 

734. Peripheral devices such as printers and monitors are considered to be: 
Answer: Hardware 

735. RAM stands for: 
Answer: Random Access Memory

736. Which was the first-word processor application?

737. Which is the volatile memory in a computer system? 

738. One Terabyte is equal to: 

739. Who developed the QWERTY keyboard? 
Christopher Latham Sholes

740. Which programming language is used to create programs like applets? 

741. In which field is the program­ming language Prolog widely used?
Artificial intelligence 

742. Firewall in the computer is used for?

743. Trojan horse is an example of? 

744. Which computer program converts assembly language to machine language?

745. A computer use which type of number system to calculate and to store data?

746. What is the maximum size of a word document created? 

747. What is the maximum number of primary partitions that can be created on a hard disk?

748. Which key combination is used to minimize all open windows & displays in the screen? 
Windows Key+D

749. What is the total number of function keys in a computer keyboard? 

750. Which function key needs to be pressed during reboot to enter Safe Mode of a Windows machine?
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