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Information Technology (Questions & Answers ) - 01

Information Technology (1000 Questions & Answers) - 01

UPSC / PSC +2Degree Level Exams / SSC / RRB / Information Technology (1000 Questions & Answers ) / 

1. The number of functional keys in a keyboard:
(a) 9    (b) 10    (c) 11 (d) 12
Answer: (d)

2. The topmost bar in any application window is the ____ which displays the name of the document or application:
(a) Status bar (b) Toolbar
(c) Menu bar (d)   Title bar
Answer: (d)

3. ____ is not a pointing device.
(a) Joystick (b) Light pen
(c) Keyboard (d) Mouse
Answer: (c)

4. When the pointer is positioned on a ____, it is shaped like a hand.
(a) Screentip (b) Hyperlink
(c) Formatting error (d) None of these
Answer: (b)

5. The copy, cut and paste features use keyboard short cuts with the  ____ key and a keyboard letter.
(a) Shift   (b) Windows (c) Alt  (d) Ctrl
Answer: (d)

6.. A graphical bar displayed across the top of the document window:
(a) Scale   (b) Bar (c) Slide   (d) Ruler
Answer: (d)

7. Computer and internet usage in the area of the market known as:
(a) E-Commerce (b) E-Literacy
(c) E-groups (d)None of these
Answer: (a)

8. Pick the odd one out:
(a) Mouse (b) Printer
(c) Image scanner  (d) Keyboard
Answer: (b)

9. Identify the one which is not a mouse operation:
(a) Clicking (b) Dragging
(c) Drawing (d)   None of these
Answer: (c)

10. _____ are capable of capturing live video and transfer it directly to the computer.
(a) Monitors (b) Webcams
(c) Scanners (d) Printers
Answer: (b)

11. Most websites have the main page, the _____, which acts as a doorway to the rest of the website pages:
(a) Search engine (b) Home page
(c) Browser (d) URL
Answer: (b)

12. The diagram which represents the order of functions in a program is called a:
(a) Sequence of steps (b) Software design
(c) Algorithm (d) Flow chart
Answer: (d)

13. The basic unit of a worksheet into which you enter data in Excel is called a:
(a) Tab   (b) Cell   (c) Box  (d)  Range
Answer: (b)

14. Address of the first cell in the worksheet is:
(a) 1    (b) A   (c) A1     (d) 1A
Answer: (c)

15. When a computer suddenly stops working, it is said to be:
(a) Crashed (b) Bugged
(c) Hanged (d) Held up
Answer: (c)

16. Paintbrush belongs to:
(a) Accessories group (b) Application group
(c) Main group (d) None of these
Answer: (b)

17. CPU gets the address of the next instruction to be processed from:
(a) Instruction register           (b) Memory address register
(c) Index register              (d) Program register
Answer: (d)

18. The internet allows you to:
(a) send electronic mail (b) view web pages
(c) connect servers all around the world          (d)  All of these
Answer: (d)

19 . What are the speakers attached to your computer used for:
(a) Displaying images (b) Sending messages
(c) Storing messages       (d) Handling sound and music
Answer: (d)

20. The smallest unit in the computer which represents information is:
(a) Byte   (b) Bit   (c) Character  (d) Digit
Answer: (b)

21. The concept of the stored-program was given by:
(a) Von Neumann (b) Charles Babbage
(c) Blaise Pascal (d)  None of these
Answer: (a)

22. Who is known as ‘the father of personal computers?
(a) Charles Babbage (b) Henri Edward Roberts 
(c) Alan Turing      (d) Edgar Rice Boroughs
Answer: (b)

23. The first computer virus:
(a) Kabir (b) Firewall (c) Norton (d) Elk Cloner
Answer: (d)

24. A compiler translates a program written in a high-level language into:
(a) Java (b) Algorithm
 (c) Machine language (d) A debugged program
Answer: (c)

25. The vast network of computers that connects millions of people all over the world is called:
(a) OUAN (b) Hypertext (c)Interpol (d)   Internet
Answer: (d)

26. What type of devices are computer speakers and headphones?
(a) Input (b) Input/output
(c) Software (d) Output
Answer: (d)

27. Who discovered the Unix operating system?
(a) Angelbart (b) Paul Allen
(c) Dennis Ritchie (d) John Newman
Answer: (c)

28. The _____ of the system includes the programs and instructions.
(a) Icon (b) Hardware
(c) Software (d) Information
Answer: (c)

29. What is the full form of USB?
(a) Universal Security Block (b) Ultra Serial Block
(c) United Service Block (d) Universal Serial Bus
Answer: (d)

30. Which of the following is a Web Browser?
(a) Paint (b) Firefox
(c) PowerPoint (d) Word
Answer: (b)

31. A computer is a/an:
(a) Mechanical device (b) Electrical device
(c) Electronic device (d) None of these
Answer: (c)

32. Back up of a data file will help to prevent:
(a) Loss of confidentiality      (b) Duplication of data
(c) Virus attack                       (d) Loss of data
Answer: (d)

33. A program for viewing a web page is called:
(a) Word processor (b) Spreadsheet
(c) Protocol (d) a browser
Answer: (d)

34. A repair for a known software bug, usually available at no charge on the internet, is called:
(a) Version (b) Ad-on
(c) Tutorial (d) Patch
Answer: (d)

35. Alta Vista is a:
(a) Programme (b) Software
(c) Browser (d) Search engine
Answer: (d)

36. Text in a column generally aligned:
(a) Right (b) Left
(c) Centre (d) Justified
Answer: (d)

37. Which of the following is the only language that a computer can understand?
(a) High-level language (b) Pseudocode
(c) Machine language (d) Assembly language
Answer: (c)

38. Which one of the following has the smallest storage capacity?
(a) Zip disk (b) Hard disk
(c) Floppy Disk (d) Data cartridge
Answer: (c)

39. Which one of the following is not a computer programming language?
(a) C (b) C++
(c) Java (d) Microsoft
Answer: (d)

40. The term used to describe the intangible instructions that will tell the computer what to do is:
(a) Hardware (b) Software
(c) Storage (d) Input/output
Answer: (b)

41. Which of the following is an important open-source Operating system?
(a) DOS (b) Windows
(c) LINUX (d) SPSS
Answer: (c)

42. The process of adopting the software for a particular country or region is called ———.
(a) Localization (b) Networking
 (c) Blog          (d) None of the above
Answer: (a)

43. The application software  used to make calculations:
(a) MS Word (b) MS PowerPoint
(c) MS Excel (d) CorelDraw
 Answer: (c)

44._____ is the set of programs necessary to carry out operations for a specified application:
(a) Application software (b) Operating System
(c) Hardware (d) Utility
Answer: (a)

45. The folder to which an office application save file by default is:
(a) Desktop (b) My documents
(c) My computer (d) None of these
Answer: (b)

46. The initiative of the US government which is considered as the early form of the internet:
Answer: (d)

47. World Computer Security Day:
(a) October 30 (b) November 30
(c) December 30 (d) January 30
Answer: (b)

48. This is the exclusive right granted by statute to the author of the works to reproduce dramatic, artistic, literary or musical work or to authorize its reproduction by others:
(a) Patent (b) CopyRight
(c)Trade Mark (d) None of the above
Answer: (b)

49. Feeling guilty or defensive about our internet use is a symptom of ________.
(a)  Cyber addiction (b) Net Gaming
(c) Online-Chatting (d) Cybercrime
Answer: (a)

50._______  are a bundle of exclusive rights over creations of the mind, both artistic and commercial:
(a) Intellectual property rights (b) Copyright
(c) Patent (d) Trademark
Answer: (a)

51. Digital images are entered into the computer using ____
(a) Keyboard (b) Speaker
(c) Scanner (d) Digital Camera
Answer: (d)

52. Spell check is the under ___ menu.
(a) Tool (b) Format
(c) Edit (d) View
Answer: (a)

53. Hotmail was created by:
(a) Bill Gates (b) Sabir  Bhatia
(c) Berners Lee (d) Richard Stallman
Answer: (b)

54. Which one of the following is not an internet browser?
(a) Mozilla (b) Internet explorer
(c) Windows Explorer (d) Netscape Navigator
Answer: (c)

55. The domain name for government organisations is:
(a) .gov (b).govnt
(c) .com (d) .org
Answer: (a)

56. Which one of the following is not an input device?
(a) Mouse (b) Keyboard
(c) Barcode reader (d) Monitor
Answer: (d)

57. The full form of U.P.S.
(a) Uniform Power Supply
(b) Uninterrupted Power Supply
(c) Universal Power Supply
(d) Unidirectional Power Supply
Answer: (b)

58. The domain name for government institutions:
(a) org   (b) gov   (c) com (d) firm
Answer: (b)

59. Which device is used to display graphics and information on video screen?
(a) CPU   (b) Modem  (c) Scanner  (d) Monitor
Answer: (d)

60. The programs or instructions that tell the computer what to do:
(a) Software (b) Hardware
(c) Virus (d) mailmerge
Answer: (a)

61. Compact Disc was invented by:
(a) James T.Russel (b) Sabir Bhatia
(c) Ray Tomlinson (d) Marcony
Answer: (a)

62. A device that connects to a network without the use of a cable is said to be:
(a) Distributed (b) Centralised
(c) Open-source (d) Wireless
Answer: (d)

63. The main system board of a computer is called:
(a) Integrated circuit (b) Motherboard
(c) Processor (d) Microchip
Answer: (b)

64. A website address is a unique name that identifies a specific ____ on the web.
(a) Web browser (b) Website
(c) PDA (d) Link
Answer: (b)

65. ____ is processed by the computer into information:
(a) numbers (b) processor
(c) input (d)  data
Answer: (d)

66. The name a user assigns to a document is called a(n):
(a) Filename (b) Program
(c) Record (d) Data
Answer: (a)

67. A class that inherits a base class containing virtual a function is called:
(a) Virtual (b) Polymorphic
(c) Derived (d) Base
Answer: (b)

68. The division is carried out in computer by:
(a) Reverse multiplication        (b) Repeated subtraction
(c) Repeated addition               (d) None of these
Answer: (b)

69.____ is the part of the computer that does the arithmetical calculations.
(a) OS (b) ALU
(c) CPU (d) Memory
Answer: (b)

70. Which of the following is not an example of hardware?
(a) WORD (b) Printer
(c) Monitor (d) Mouse
Answer: (a)

71. Graphics are inserted in:
(a) Frame (b) Box
(c) Page (d) None of these
Answer: (a)

72. RTF stands for:
(a) Real-Time Fonts (b) Real-Time Files
(c) Rich Text Format (d) Rich Text Fonts
Answer: (c)

73. To save a document for the first time, ____ option is used.
(a) Save first (b) Save as
(c) Save on (d) Copy
Answer: (b)

74. What does an electronic spreadsheet consists of (Choose the best answer):
(a) Rows (b) Columns
(c) Cells (d) All of these
Answer: (d)

75. Screen savers program prevent:
(a) Brownouts (b) Burn-in
(c) Screen flickering (d) Bad sectors
Answer: (b)

76. Antivirus software is an example of ____
(a) Business software (b) An operating system
(c)A security utility (d) An office suite
Answer: (c)

77.The ____ is the box that houses the most important parts of a computer system?
(a) Software (b) Hardware
(c) Input device (d) System unit
Answer: (d)

78. A menu contains a list of:
(a) Commands (b) data
(c) objects (d) reports
Answer: (a)

79. Modem refers to:
(a) Modulator                                         
(b) Modulation
(c) Modulator and demodulator        
(d) Modern modes of communication
Answer: (c)

80.A temporary storage area used to hold information that is being transferred from one program to another:
(a) Clipboard (b) Buffer
(c) Memory (d) Swap
Answer: (a)

81. Which company developed MS WORD?
(a) Linux  (b) Apple  (c) Compac  (d) Microsoft
Answer: (d)

82. RAM stands for:
(a) Random Approach Memory
(b) Random Access Memory
(c) Read Access Memory 
 (d) Rapid Access Memory
Answer: (b)

83. Computers connected to a LAN :
(a) run faster (b) go online
(c) share information and/or share peripheral equipment
(d) e-mail
Answer: (c)

84. All physical equipment and accessories of a system:
(a) Software (b) Hardware
(c) Peripherals (d) Internet
Answer: (b)

85. A collection of programs that controls how your computer system runs and processes information is called:
(a) Compiler (b) Interpreter
(c) Office (d) Operating system
Answer: (d)

86. Which of the following languages is frequently used to design web pages?
(a) COBOL (b) C
Answer: (d)

87. Floppy Disc is usually located in—— drive.
(a) A    (b) B    (c) C    (d) D
Answer: (a)

88. URL stands for:
(a) Uniform Resource Locator
(b) Universal Reference Locator
(c) Universal Resource Language
(d) Uniform Reference Locator
Answer: (a)

89. In the abbreviation ‘HTML’, the letter ‘m’ stands for:
(a) Markup (b) Method (c) Meta  (d) Machine
Answer: (a)

90. When you save to this, your data will remain intact even when the computer is turned off:
(a) RAM 
(b) Motherboard
(c) Secondary storage device
(d) Primary storage device
Answer: (c)

91. A computer cannot perform which one of the following functions?
(a) Addition (b) Division
(c) Bake a cake (d) Subtraction
Answer: (c)

92. The primary purpose of the software is to turn the data into:
(a) Websites (b) Information
(c) Programs (d) Objects
Answer: (b)

93. The components of a computer system with the circuitry to control in control interpretation and execution of instructions is known as:
(a) ALU  (b) Memory (c) Control  (d) CPU
Answer: (d)

94. ‘Megabytes’ is the unit for measuring which of the following:
(a) Intensity of earthquake
(b) Memory capacity of a computer
(c) Intensity of wavelength
 (d) None of these
Answer: (b)

95. Most of the commonly used personal computers/ laptops do not have a command key known as:
(a) Turnover  (b) Shift (c) Alter  (d) Delete
Answer: (a)

96. The father of Super Computer:
(a) Charles Babbage (b) Glen Ricort
(c) Seymor Cray (d) Winton Surf
Answer: (c)

97. The heart of any computer is:
(a) Memory (b) CPU
(c) I/O Unit (d)  Disks
Answer: (b)

98. The word ‘Computer’ is originated from ......... language.
(a) German (b) Italian
(c) Latin (d) Spanish
Answer: (c)

99. What is the default file extension for all Word documents?
(a) WRD   (b) TXT    (c) DOC   (d) FIL
Answer: (c)

100. Email stands for:
(a) Educational mail (b) Electronic mail
(c) Entertainment mail (d) Excess mail
Answer: (b)

101. Programming errors generally fall into which of the following categories?
(a) Syntax errors (b) Execution errors
(c) Logical errors (d) All of these
Answer: (d)

102. The process of transferring files from a computer on the internet to your computer is called:
(a) Downloading (b) Uploading
(c) Downsize (d) JPEG
Answer: (a)

103. Which of the following is the fastest printer?
(a) Laser (b) Ink Jet (c) Dot-matrix (d) Plotter
Answer: (a)

104. The most common type of storage devices are:
(a) Persistent (b) Optical
(c) Magnetic (d) Flash
Answer: (c)

105. Unsolicited commercial email is commonly known as:
(a) Spam   (b) Junk (c) Hoaxes (d) Hypertext
Answer: (a)

106. What is the full form of ATM?
(a)Automated Tailoring Machine
(b) Any Time Money
(c) Automated Teller Machine
(d)  All Time Money
Answer: (C)

107. The most popular way to materialize XML document is to use:
(a)DTD          (b) XSLT
(c) HTML        (d) SOAP
Answer: (b)

108. To open the font dialogue box in MS Word, we can use the short cut key:
(a)Alt+F (b) Ctrl+F
(c) Ctrl+D (d) Alt+D
Answer: (C)

109. Who was the inventor of the mechanical calculator for adding numbers?
(a)Charles Babbage (b) Pascal
(c) Peano (d) De Morgan
Answer: (b)

110. In a DTP software, to strech as short title of a paper across the page, use the _____ option.
(a)Expanded (b) Proportional
(c) Scale (d) Horizontal Alignment
Answer: (a)

111. RAD stands for:
(a)Repeated Application Development
(b) Ready Application Development
(c) Relative Application Development
(d) Rapid Application Development
Answer: (d)

112. What is I-beam?
(a)A pointer used to select text   (b) A special tool used in animations
(c) Transitions (d) None of these
Answer: (a)

113. All the information collected during database development is stored in a:
(a)Data path (b) Data warehouse
(c) RAD (d) CASE
Answer: (b)

114. Primary key is selected from the:
(a)Candidate keys
(b) Composite keys
(c) Determinants
(d) Foreign keys
Answer: (a)

115. The personal computer industry was started by:
(a)IBM (b) Apple
(c) HLC (d) Compaq
Answer: (a)

116. As compared to the secondary storage devices, primary storage units have:
(a)Faster (b) Costlier
(c) Less storage capacity   (d) All of the above
Answer: (d)

117. Which of the following does not affect the resolution of a video display image?
(a)Band width
(b) Raster scan rage
(c) Vertical and horizontal lines of resolution
(d) Screen size
Answer: (d)

118. What is the name of the operating system for laptop computer called MacLite?
(a)MS-DOS (b) Windows-NT
(c) OZ (d) Windows-XP
Answer: (C)

119. The number of processes completed per unit time is known as:
(a)Hit ratio (b) Efficiency
(c) Capacity (d) Throughput
Answer: (d)

120. The altering of data so that it is not usable unless the changes are undone is:
(a)Biometrics (b) Ergonomics
(c) Encryption (d) Compression
Answer: (C)

121. Two main measures for the efficiency of an algorithm are:
(a)Data and space
(b) Complexity and capacity
(c) Time and space
(d) Capacity and cost
Answer: (C)

122. The CPU communicates with the memory using:
(a)Control bus (b) Databus
(c) Address bus (d) All of the above
Answer: (d)

123. A very large initial letter of the first word of the paragraph is called:
(a) Drop cap (b) Dropped
(c) Capital  (d)  Figure
Answer: (a)

124. In addition to the slide tab in Normal View, which allows a user to select slides in MS PowerPoint?
(a)Slide show (b) Print preview
(c) Outline (d)  Slide sorter
Answer: (d)

125. Which of the following is not a part of the operating system?
(a)Network system (b) Kernel
(c) Shell (d) File system
Answer: (a)

126. A strip of buttons across the top of the main window in MS PowerPoint is called:
(a)Menu bar (b) Toolbar
(c) Status bar (d) Ribbon
Answer: (d)

127. Which of the following is an abstract data type?
(a)Int (b) Double
(c) String (d) Class
Answer: (d)

128. The start button and system tray are part of what feature of Windows?
(a)Quick launch bar (b) Menu bar
(c) Task pane (d) Taskbar
Answer: (d)

129. Which of the following is not a computer language?
Answer: (a)

130. Microsoft Word contains built-in paragraph formats called:
(a)Gutters (b) Styles
(c) Bullets (d) Formats
Answer: (b)

131. The character spacing tab is located in the _____ dialogue box in Microsoft Word:
(a)Text (b) Format
(c) Font (d) Word Art
Answer: (c)

132. Which of the following is a semiconductor memory?
(a)MAR (b) RAM
(c) CD (d) CD-ROM
Answer: (b)

133. What does MBR stands for:
(a)Memory Bus Register
(b) Master Boot Record
(c) Microsoft Buffer Register
(d) None of the above
Answer: (b)

134. The dispatcher:
(a)Schedules the tasks into the processor
(b) Puts tasks in I/O wait
(c) Is small and simple
(d) Never changes task priorities
Answer: (a)

135. In Windows, a tool used for managing files and folders are called:
(a)Windows Explorer (b) File System
(c) My computer (d) My documents
Answer: (a)

136. The file system ‘NTFS’ stands for:
(a)New Type File System
(b) Non-Terminated File System
(c) Never Terminated File System
(d) New Technology File System
Answer: (d)

137. A slide show begins with the:
(a)Animated slide (b) Current slide
(c) Bulletted slide (d) First slide
Answer: (d)

138. The system program that sets up an executable program in main memory for execution is:
(a)Assembler (b) Linker
(c) Compiler (d) Loader
Answer: (d)

139. A DBMS that combines a DBMS and an application generator is:
(a)MS-SQL Server (b) MS-Access
(c) DB-2 (d) Oracle
Answer: (b)

140. In satellite-based communication, VSAT stands for:
(a)Very Small Analog Terminal
(b) Very Small Aperture Terminal
(c) Very Small Audio Terminal
(d)  Varying Size Aperture Terminal
Answer: (b)

141. Which is the incorrect statement?
(a)RAM is Random Access Memory
(b) RAM is volatile
(c) We cannot perform read operations in RAM
(d) RAM is directly accessed by the CPU
Answer: (c)

142. In software development, if requirements are frequently changing, which model is best suited?
(a)Waterfall (b) Spiral
(c) RAD (d) Prototype
Answer: (d)

143. How can you save a file with a new name in MS Excel?
(a)Using save as menu
(b) Using save menu
(c) Using copy and paste options
(d) Using cut and paste options
Answer: (a)

144. A term associated with the comparison of processing speeds of different computer systems is:
(a)EFTS (b) MIPS
(c) CFPS (d) MPG
Answer: (b)

145. Which allows wireless mobile devices to access the internet and its services such as the web and e-mail?
(a)TCP/IP (b) Ethernet
(c) WAP (d) Token ring
Answer: (c)

146. Which of the following is the second generation of computers?
(a)EDSAC (b) IBM-1401
(c) CDC-1604 (d) ICL-2900
Answer: (c)

147. ‘DOS’ floppy disk does not have:
(a)Boot record (b) File allocation table
(c) Root directory (d) Virtual memory
Answer: (d)

148. Which operation is not possible on data structures?
(a)Traversing (b) Reading
(c) Insertion (d) Deletion
Answer: (b)

149. What is the full form of POST?
(a)Program Oriented System Testing
(b) Print On Self Test
(c) Private Office Software Trainee
(d)  Power On Self Test
Answer: (d)

150. Windows 7 was released in:
(a)2001    (b) 2009    (c) 2007    (d) 2006
Answer: (b)
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