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Modern India - 2200 Questions & Answers Degree Level / KAS Questions and Answers (Chapter 03)

Modern India- Questions & Answers 2202 Questions and Answers - 03

Modern India Questions and Answers -03

301. Who founded Social Service League in 1911?

302. Who laid the foundation of the Indian Patriotic Association in 1888?
Syed Ahmed Khan

303. By which of the following for the first time, the British government recognized the “Right of Dominion” for India?
Cripp’s Mission

304. Who was the founder of Khudai Khitmatgars
(Servants of God)? Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

305. Who founded Bharatiya Vidhya Bhavan in 1938?

306. The publication launched by Bal Gangadhar Tilak in the Marathi language:

307. The founder of Arya Samaj:
Dayanand Saraswati

308. The founder of Atmiya Sabha and Brahmasamaj:
Raja Ram Mohun Roy

309. Who started the journals ‘Al Hilal’ and ‘Al Balal’?
Abul Kalam Azad

310. The publication started by Mahatma Gandhi in South Africa:
Indian Opinion

311. The retired British civil servant who was instrumental in the formation of the Indian National Congress in 1885:

312. The Viceroy when Sharda Act, which raised the marriageable age, was passed? 

313. The author of ‘Arctic Home in the Vedas’:
Bal Gangadhar Tilak

314. The Viceroy established two colleges for the education and political training of the Indian Princes:

315. Who founded Muslim League in 1906?
Aga Khan

316. The significance of the third Carnatic War:
End of Political power of French in India

317. The British General defeated Peshwa Baji Rao I? 

318. Raja Yoga, Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga and Jnana Yoga are the works of which among the following social reformers of India?

319. The First Anglo-Afghan War (also known as Auckland's Folly) was fought between British India and Afghanistan from 1839 to ____: 

320. The First Anglo-Sikh War was fought between the Sikh Empire and the British East India Company between : 
1845 and 1846

321. After 1857, who announced at a Durbar at Allahabad, the assumption of the Government of India by the Sovereign of Great Britain? 
Lord Canning

322. The Viceroy who headed the interim government assumed office on 2nd September 1946: 

323. Who wrote the book ‘Bahuvivah’? 
Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar

324. Who founded the Indian Society of Oriental Art to revive the ancient art traditions of India? 
Abanindranath Tagore

325. Who is known to have founded the "Academic Association"?
Henry Vivian Derozio

326. Radha Swami cult was established by:
Shiv Dayal

327. In the 1937 elections, out of the eleven provinces, Congress formed ministries in ____ provinces. 

328. Who rejected the title of Knighthood and refused to accept a position in the council of the Secretary of State for India? 
Gopal Krishna Gokhale

329. When the East India Company came into existence, England was ruled by which dynasty?  

330. By which Act, did the East India Company lose all its administrative powers? 
Government of India Act of 1858

331. During the revolt of 1857, Birjis Qadr, the son of the deposed Nawab Wajid Ali Shah, was proclaimed the new Nawab of:

332. Who established the Calcutta Unitarian Committee? 
Ishwar Chandra Vidhya Sagar

333. The Governor-General who finally removed the Maratha Peshwa from his position, captured his territories and sent him off to a distant place? 

334. Who was the Viceroy when Cripp's Mission visited India? 

335. In the Federation established by the Act 1935, residuary powers were given to the: 

336. On the 9th of August, 1942, Mahatma Gandhi and the entire CongressWorking Committee were arrested in _____: 

337. Which Act at aimed at separating the commercial and political functioning of the East India Company? 
Act of 1784

338. The city where Swaraj Party was formed:

339. The first educational institute was established by the East India Company's government.
Calcutta Madrassa

340. Which act was passed in the context of the 'Komagata Maru' incident? 
The Defence of India Act

341. Which movement was launched as per the resolution of the Calcutta session and ratified in the Nagpur session in December 1920:

342. The leader of Hindu Maha Sabha related to the Nasik Conspiracy Case? 
Vinayak Savarkar

343. Where did Gandhiji organise a Satyagraha Sabha in 1919? :

344. Who establish Sanskrit College at Benarus in 1792? 
Jonathan Duncan

345. Who started Anglo Hindu School at Kolkata in 1816? 
Raja Ram Mohun Roy

346. Chakravarthi Viraraghavacharya was the first Indian to draft a Swaraj constitution for Indi. It was presented at the Madras session in _____.

347.  ‘Salt suddenly became a mysterious word, a word of power" These words were spoken by whom on the occasion of Salt Satyagraha? 
Jawaharlal Nehru

348. As per the resolution adopted by the Committee of All Parties Conference on 19th May 1928 who was made the chairman to consider and determine the principles of the Constitution of India? 
Motilal Nehru

349. Who started the newspaper 'Vande Mataram' in the U.K.? 
Madam Cama

350. The Governor-General when 'Wood's Despatch' was proposed: 

351. Who changed his name to Ram Mohammad Singh Azad, symbolizing the unification of the three major religions of India: Hinduism, Islam and Sikhism?
Uddham Singh

352. Who was the Governor-General when the Santhal uprising (1855-56) was held?

353. The INA troops surrendered before the British army in _____: 

354. Through which Educational Report, Calcutta University came into existence?
Wood's Despatch

355. The leader who initially opposed the non-cooperation movement, but accepted it at the Nagpur session of 1920? 

356. The Montague - Chelmsford Reforms was published on July 8, _____: 

357. The tribal leader who came to be known as ‘Bhagawan’: 
Birsa Munda

358. Who was the Viceroy when the Archaeological Survey of India was established?

358. Who was the Governor-General when a Tripartite Treaty among the English, Ranjit Singh and Shah Shuja of Afghanistan was signed? 
Lord Auckland

359. Who was the Viceroy when the India Councils Act of 1861 was passed? 

360. Disturbed by the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre and encouraged by Mahathma Gandhi’s plan for non-cooperation who resigned from ICS while on probation in 1921?
Subhas Chandra Bose

361. During the Quit India Movement a parallel government was set up by Nana Patil in ______:   

363. The freedom fighter who was the only student to obtain his MRCP and FRCS in one year: 

364. On 12 November 1930 who officially opened the Round Table Conference?
George Vth

365. Out of the total of 562 Princely States in undivided India, how many of them were within the new Independent India? 

366. The first Bengali political drama presented the story of the brutality of English indigo planters were: 
Neel Darpan

367. The first fort which the British constructed in India was: 

368. Which Act came to be known as the 'Black Act'? 
Rowlatt Act

369. The Governor-General who made Shimla the summer capital of British India:

370. The  Urdu poet who was invited to the Second and Third Round Table Conference?
Muhammad Iqbal

371. In order to attend the Second Round Table Conference, in which ship Mahathma Gandhi sailed to England? 
SS Rajputana

372. Which was the venue of the Second Round Table Conference? 
St.James Palac

373.  In which session of the congress was the resolution passed stating that "there should be equality before law irrespective of caste, creed or sex."? 
Karachi session, 1931

374. Government of India Act of 1935 was introduced when .... was the Viceroy:

375. Who hoisted the Indian Tricolour in the Gowalia Tank Maidan, Bombay on 9 August 1942 in connection with Quit India Movement?
Aruna Asaf Ali

376. Who was the Viceroy when the Ancient Monument Protection Act was passed?

377. During the Indian Freedom struggle, who raised an army called "Free India Legion"?
Subhash Chandra Bose

378. Competitive examination for the Indian Civil Services began during the Governor Generalship of: 

379. Surendra Nath Bannerjeewas denied a post in the Indian Civil Service on what grounds, even after having cleared the examinations successfully? 
He had misrepresented his age

380. Which bill aimed to bring Indian and European magistracy on equal footing? 
Ilbert Bill

381. The Viceroy who introduced Budget system in India:

382. The number of Indians included in the seven-member Hunter Committee? 

383. When were the Congress Governments formed in seven out of eleven provinces?  
July 1937

384. Name a newspaper that was instrumental in inculcating the spirit of opposition to the Partition of Bengal.: 

385. Who was the Viceroy at the time of the Simla Conference (1945)?

386. The Governor-General who abolished the titles of Carnatic Nawab and Raja of Tanjore and refused pension to Nana Saheb: 
Lord Dalhousie

387. Digambar Biswas and Bishnu Biswas were the leaders of which revolt? 
Indigo Revolt

388. With reference to the Indian freedom struggle, who of the following was the lady representative of India at the Second Round Table Conference? 
Sarojini Naidu

389. Who headed the Disorders Inquiry Committee appointed by the Government of British India to enquire about Jallianwala Bagh Massacre? 
William Hunter

390. What was the ratio of Indian soldiers and Europeans in the Army at the time of the 1857 Revolt: 

391. Delhi became the new capital of India in:

392. Who was the Viceroy when the Naval Mutiny (1946) was held? 

393. Who was in the forefront of making efforts leading to the making of the Age of Consent Act, 1891? 

394. Gopala Krishna Gokhale passed away in:

395. Who among the following was one of the founders of Widow Remarriage Association in 1861? 
Mahadev Govind Ranade

396. How many members of the British Parliament were included in the Board of Control formed as per the Pitt’s India Act, 1784?

397. The freedom fighter on whose 75 birthday India got independence? 
Aurobindo Ghosh

398. In which year did Annie Besant become the first woman president of the Indian National Congress? 

399. Who was the Governor-General when the Nawab of Surat was granted a pension in 1800 and the state was annexed? 

400. Who was the Viceroy when the grand coronation of George V was held at Delhi?
Hardinge II

401. Who sent an English army to take away personal jewels of the Begums of Oudh as the Nawab could not pay up his dues to the British? 
Warren Hastings

402. The Governor-General who brought the General Service Enlistment Act, 1856:
Lord Canning

403. In which year did Bal Gangadhar Tilak form Indian Home Rule League with its headquarters at Pune? 

404. The Governor-General who suppressed Pindaris: 

405. When was the Treaty of Alinagar signed? February 

406. The Peshwa who burnt the British residency at Pune:  
Baji Rao II

407. Who said, "Like summer gale revolt of Meerut was unprecedented and shortlived"? 
S. N. Sen

408. At the battle of Biddera the English crushed the power of ___: 

409. Which operation was started by the British Government to arrest the leaders of the Quit India Movement? 
Operation Thunderbolt

410. In the Third Maratha War, the English defeated Peshwa Bajirao II at—: 

411. Which organisation observed Black Day in July 1947 against the partition of India?
Hindu Mahasabha

412. Name the Bengali writer who was the first to suggest the adoption of Hindi as India’s National Language? 
Bhudeva Mukherjee

413. Who was a woman revolutionary who attacked a European Club? 
Preetilatha Wadedar

414. The Treaty of Surat (1775) was concluded by the British with the following Maratha chief ______: 

415. The year of Shibpur Dacoity Case: 

416. During the revolt of 1857, Birjis Qadr, the son of the deposed Nawab Wajid Ali Shah, was proclaimed the new Nawab of: 

417. Who established the Calcutta Unitarian Committee?
Ishwar Chandra Vidhya Sagar

418. The Governor-General who finally removed the Maratha Peshwa from his position, captured his territories and sent him off to a distant place? 

419. Who was the Viceroy when Cripp’s Mission visited India?

420. In the Federation established by the Act 1935, residuary powers were given to the: 

421. On 9th of August, 1942, Mahatma Gandhi and the entire CongressWorking Committee were arrested in _____:

422. Which Act aimed at separating the commercial and political functioning of the East India Company? 
Act of 1784

423. After the notice had expired the Non-Cooperation movement was launched formally on 1st August of ____: 

424. Name Brigadier-General who, with his British troops entered the park at Jallianwala Bagh, closed the entrance of the park and commanded his army to fire on the gathered people without any warning. 
Reginald Dyer

425. The Government of India Act 1919 had introduced the system of _____ to govern the provinces of British India: 

426. Which was the basis on which the Government of India Act 1919 was made?  
Montague’s Declaration 1917

427. Which nationalist leader has been described as being radical in politics but conservative on social issues?  
Bal Gangadhar Tilak

428. Which Commission recommended a change in the pattern of Dyarchy introduced under the Act of 1919? 
Simon Commission

429. Which was considered as the basis of the Indian Independence Act of 1947?  
Mount batten Plan

430. During the first Round Table Conference, who favoured the move of the British Government to provide a separate electorate for the oppressed classes as was done in the case of other minorities like Muslims, Sikhs etc? 

431. Who acted as President of the Indian National Congress for six consecutive years? 
Abul Kalam Azad

432. Who led the most successful revolutionary operation in the entire history of the freedom struggle? 
Surya Sen

433. Who were the leaders with whom Lord Mountbatten held discussions apart from Jawaharlal Nehru? 
Mahatma Gandhi and Jinnah

434. What proposal was made in the ‘August Offer’ of 1940?
Dominion Status

435. Following Mahathma Gandhi’s suggestion, the Khilafat Committee unanimously adopted a resolution to launch a nonviolent non-cooperation movement, at its meeting held at:

436. Under what charge, Bal Gangadhar Tilak was arrested in 1908 ? 

437. With the emergence whom the element of mass mobilisation in the freedom movement was introduced? 
Mahatma Gandhi

438. Who mentioned the safeguards and special powers vested in the Governor-General as per the Govt. of India Act 1935 as ‘ Charter of Slavery’? 
Jawaharlal Nehru

439. The Bombay Triumvirate included Feroz Shah Mehta, K.T.Telang and _____. 
Badruddin Tyabji

440. Who was the Governor-General when the Pindari Wars were held? 
Lord Hastings

441. After matriculation, in which college did Mahathma Gandhi join? 
Samaldas College

442. Who was the Governor-General of India when the Charter Act of 1833 was passed? William Bentick

443.  After reading which book, Mahathma Gandhi founded the Phoenix settlement? 
Unto This Last

444. For how much duration Mahathma Gandhi was sentenced for the first time in South Africa? 
Two months

445. Under which British Act, the Governors of Madras and Bombay were deprived of their legislative powers? 
Charter Act of 1833

446. In 1933, Mahathma Gandhi started Harijan Yatra from:

447. In which year did Mahatma Gandhi decide to adopt Brahmacharya? 

448.  In which year did Mahatma Gandhi visit Kerala in association with the Vaikom Satyagraha? 

449.  Kirti Mandir, the memorial of Mahatma Gandhi was in:

450.  What was the profession of Mahathma Gandhi? 

451promising never to steal in future and asking for adequate punishment. To whom was this letter addressed? 

452. Mahatma Gandhi who was sentenced to six years imprisonment in 1922, was released in: 

453. The famous play was written by Deen Bandhu Mitra highlighted the plight of indigo farmers? 
Neel Darpan

454.  The venue of Santhal rebellion- 

455. Under which Act, the English East India Company cease to be a trading company? 
Charter Act of 1833

456. What was the age of Mahatma Gandhi when he reached South Africa for the first time? 

457. The number of sections in the Indian Penal Code- 

458. In which Princely state Ranbeer Code was brought into effect in the lines of Indian Penal Code implemented in British India- 

459. In which occasion the transfer of the capital of British India to Delhi from Calcutta was announced, King George V?
Delhi Durbar of 1911

460. Where Mahatma Gandhi was imprisoned when he was arrested during the Quit India Movement? 
Aga Khan Palace, Pune

461. Who led the Salt Satyagraha when Mahathma Gandhi was arrested? 
Abbas Tyabji

462. How did Mahathma Gandhi help during the Zulu Rebellion in South Africa? 
By nursing the wounded rebels

463. From which monument was the design of the central dome of Viceregal Palace (now Rashtrapathi Bhavan was copied?
Sanchi Stupa

464. Identify the Viceroy who wrote home these words after his first meeting with Mahatma Gandhi:  “Mr Gandhi’s religious and moral views are, I believe, admirable, but I confess that I find it difficult to understand the practice of them in politics.” 
Lord Reading

465. In the last months of Mahathma Gandhi’s life, he fasted to end bloody clashes between Muslims and Hindus in which two cities? 
Kolkata and Delhi

466. On what charges was Mahathma Gandhi arrested in 1922?

467. In which Jail Mahathma Gandhi started the writing of his autobiography? 

468. In which organisation did Mahathma Gandhi become a member when he was a student in England? 

469. Which party is related to Shimla Deputation? 
Muslim League

470. Who led Shimla Deputation? 
Aga Khan

471. The Viceroy whom the Shimla Deputation led by Aga Khan met in 1906? 
Minto II

472. The year of the First Lahore Conspiracy Case: 

473.  In which state Porbander, the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi is situated? 

474. In which year All India rural industries organisation was brought into existence under the patronage of Mahathma Gandhi? 

475. What news awaited Mahathma Gandhi on his return from England in 1891? 
Mother’s death

476.   After the demise of which leader, Mahathma Gandhi emerged as the eminent leader of the Indian National Congress?
Bal Gangadhar Tilak

477. The rebellion that broke out in Central India in 1910 
Bastar Rebellion

478. The viceroy Lord Irwin escaped unhurt from a bomb blast in the Delhi-Agra route in 1929 who thanked God for the narrow escape, condemned the revolutionary act through his article ‘The Cult of Bomb’? 
Mahatma Gandhi

479. What style did Mahathma Gandhi adopt in writing the book “Hind Swaraj”? 
Questions and Answers

480. Which book influenced Mahathma Gandhi greatly, which he read in England? 
Plea  for Vegetarianism

481. Which region witnessed the Warli revolt? 

482. Who referred to Mahathma Gandhi’s decision to call off the Non-Cooperation Movement as a “National Calamity”?
Subhas Chandra Bose

483. Who was known as the ‘Saint of Sabarmati”? 
Mahatma Gandhi

484.  Mahatma Gandhi was sentenced to six years imprisonment in 1922 for sedition on behalf of the articles published in: 
Young India

485. When did Mahathma Gandhi get his head shaved, discard his clothes and settle for a loincloth? 

486. When did Mahatma Gandhi write the “Green Pamphlet”?

487.  On which day Mahathma Gandhi was assassinated? 

488.  In which year Gandhi-Irwin Pact was signed? 

489. In which year did Tipu Sultan attack Travancore? 

490. Who was the chief leader of the Kol uprising? 
Buddho Bhagat

491. Who was the regent when Dalip Singh, the son of Ranjith Singh, was raised to the throne of Punjab? 
Rani Jhindan

492. The treaty that ended the first Anglo-Sikh War? 
Treaty of Lahore (1846)

493. Name the European power which was benefitted by the Treaty of Srirangapatnam (1792) as the surrendered territories of Tipu was divided among the allies? 
The British

494. Which state was the venue of the Khond uprising? 

495. Name the allies of the British who were benefitted from the Treaty of Srirangapatanam as they got the share of surrendered territories? 
The Marathas and Nizam

496. Which river was determined as the boundary of the territories of the Sikhs and the British as per the Treaty of Amritsar?

497. The exiled ruler of Afghanistan who signed the Tripartite Treaty with Ranjith Singh and the British in 1838? 
Shah Shuja

498. What was the original name of Alivardi Khan- 
Mirza Muhammad Ali

499. The resident of Poona who signed a secret treaty with Peshwa to exclude the French from the army? 

500. The year in which the Danes came to India for trading? 
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