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Modern India - 2200 Questions & Answers Degree Level / KAS Questions and Answers (Chapter 05)

Modern India- Questions & Answers 2202 Questions and Answers - 05

Modern India Questions and Answers -05

751. Who stated about the Revolt that, "it was a feudal outburst headed by feudal chiefs"?
Jawaharlal Nehru 

752. Leaders of the revolt of 1857
• Faizabad - Maulavi Ahamadulla
• Delhi - BakhtKhan 
• Jhansi - Lakshmi Bai
• Iagdishpur - Kunwar Singh 
• Kanpur - Nana Sahib
• Awadh - Begum Hazrat Mahal
• Bareilly - Khan Bahadur 

753. Which British official captured Delhi on 20th September 1857?
John Nicholson

754. Who defended Nana Saheb's forces till 26th June 1857?
Sir Hugh Wheeler 

755. Who was the commander of the forces of Nana Sahib?
Tantia Tope 

756. Who defeated Nana Saheb's forces on 17th July 1857? 
Major General Havelock

757. The British army officer who recaptured  Allahabad and Benarus in June 1857
General Neil 

758. The Kuka movement started in the mid-19th century in
Western Punjab 

759. In which region did Birsa Munda operate against the British? 
Chota Nagpur

760. The person who is known as the father of social reforms in India?
Raja Ram Mohan Roy 

761. 'A Gift to Monotheists' is the contribution of
Raja Ram Mohan Roy 

762. Who is the author of 'Man the Maker of his own destiny? 
Swami Vivekananda

763. Vivekananda delivered his famous Chicago speech on
11 September 1893 

764. 'Prabuddha Bharat' was a paper published in English by 
Swami Vivekananda

765. Swami Vivekananda was born in Calcutta on
January 12, 1863 

766. To whom with the 'Young Bengal Move­ment' was associated? 
Henry Vivian Derozio

767. Who wrote the bookAnandmath? 
Bankim Chandra Chatterji

768. Founder of Brahmo Samaj 
Raja Ram Mohan Roy

769. The social reformer who worked for the abolition of sati
Raja Ram Mohan Roy 

770. Who was the founder of Arya Samaj?
Dayananda Saraswati

771. Who is the author of 'Satyarth Prakash'?
Dayananda Saraswati 

772. The first Indian to preach the 'Gospel of Swadeshi and India for Indians' 
Dayananda Saraswati 

773. Kittur rebellion was led by

774. The play 'Nil Darpan' is associated with which revolt? 
Indigo revolt 

775. 'Nil Darpan' the drama which exposed the miseries of the Indigo cultivators in Bihar was written by
Dinabandhu Mitra 

776. Prarthana Samaj was founded by
Atmaram Pandurang 

777. Who was the real force behind Prarthana Samaj? 

778. Who is known as the father of the renaissance of Western India? 
M.G. Ranade 

779. Mahar movement was associated with which leader? 
Dr B. R. Ambedkar 

780. Satya shodhak Samaj was founded by
Jyotirao Phule 

781. The social reformer from Andhra who stood for widow re-marriage and women education?

782. Which were the colours of the Indian flag that was hoisted by Madam Kama at the International Socialist Conference in Studgurt in Germany in 1907? 
Green, Saffron and Red 

783. What was the original name of Swami Dayananda Saraswati?
Mool Shankar 

784. Go back to Veda was the slogan of
Dayananda Saraswati 

785. Where was saint Kabir from?

786. The original name of Swami Vivekananda was 

787. The Bhakti cult spread in Maharashtra with the teaching of
Saint Jnaneshwar 

788. Fakir Sanyasi Rebellion took place in

789. Who founded Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College in Aligarh? 
Sir Syed Ahammad Khan

790. The Dhar Rao 'Banda' rebellion was centred around

791. Kol Revolt of 1831-32 was led by
Buddha Bhagat 

792. The Gadkari uprisings took place in

793. Ahom Revolt took place in

794. Who was the leader of the Khasi uprising?
Tirath Singh 

795. ln 1822, The Ramosis revolted in Satara under the leadership of 
Chittur Singh

796. The Naikada forest tribes revolted against the British to establish

797. Who founded Dharma Sabha in 1830? 
Radhakanta Deb

798. What was the original name of Ramakrishna Paramhansa?
Gadadhar Chattopadhyay 

799. Who made the statement: 'God is of no use to the hungry belly'? 
Ramakrishna Paramahamsa 

800. Who is known as the saint of Dakshineshwar? 
Ramakrishna Paramahamsa 

801. Who said, "Not mercy, but service for men must be regarded as god"?
Ramakrishna Paramahamsa

802. Who gave the title 'Raja' to Ram Mohan Roy?
Akbar Shah II 

803. Under whose supervision the first widow marriage in the country was held?
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar 

804. Who was called 'Cyclonic Hindu monk' b American dailies? 
Swami Vivekananda 

805. In which name did Irish woman Margi Noble became popular in India? 
Sister Nivedita 

806. Who led the Aligarh movement?
Syed Ahmed Khan 

807. Who launched 'Self-respect movement
Periyar E. V. Ramasamy Naikar

808. Who led the first extremist movement in India? 
Vasudev Balwant Phadke 

809. Which was the revolutionary outfit was founded by V. D. Savarkar in 1903
Abhinav Bharat 

810. Name the woman revolutionary who was known as 'Agni Kanya' (Daughter of Fire)
Beena Das 

811. Who was known as 'Master Da'?
Surya Sen 

812. Who is the father of the political theory 'Radical Humanism'? 

813. Who was the founder of 'Hitakarini Samajam'? 
Veeresha Lingam Pantulu 

814. Who was called 'Mahamana'?
Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya 

815. Who was called the 'Prophet of Modern India'? 
Sri Ramakrishna 

816. Which was the earliest settlement of the Dutch in India?

817. Which war decided the fate of the French in India? 
Battle of Wandiwash 

818. The Portuguese Governor who abolished Sati in Goa was

819. The Battle of Plassey was fought between East India Company and 

820. The battle of Plassey was fought in the year? 

821. Which was the first English ship that came to India? 
Red Dragon 

822. Where was the headquarters of the Portuguese in India? 

823. Who was the first Governor-General of Bengal?
Warren Hastings 

824. The English established their first factory in India at

825. Who is the pioneer of local self-government in modem India? 
Lord Ripon 

826. Goa was captured by the Portuguese in the year 

827. Where were the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier housed? 
Basilica of Bom Jesus, Goa 

828. Who abolished the Dual System of Government in Bengal? 
Warren Hastings 

829. Who was famous for framing the education minute?
Lord Macaulay

830. The Portuguese Colonialism started in India in? 
1498 A.D 

831. The mixed Colony system was introduced by? 

832. What is the importance of A.D. 1600 in Indian History? 
Establishment of East India Company 

833. Which Indian city was presented to the British as royal dowry?

834. The first Carnatic war came to an end with which treaty? 
Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) 

835. Significance of the third Carnatic war? 
End of the Political power of French in India 

836. The Governor-General of India, who was impeached by the British Parliament was 
Warren Hastings

837. Permanent land revenue settlement was introduced in Bengal by
Lord Cornwallis 

838. Who introduced the subsidiary Alliance system? 
Lord Wellesley 

839. The Doctrine of Lapse was introduced/applied by 
Lord Dalhousie 

840. Father of Modem Indology and the founder of Asiatic Society? 
Sir 'William Jones 

841. When was the practice of Sati abolished in India? 

842. The place where the first Medical college was established in India 

843. Which Governor General introduced the postal system in India?
Lord Dalhousie 

844. The postage stamps were introduced in India by?
Lord Dalhousie 

845. Who introduced the Railway service for the first time in India? 
Lord Dalhousie 

846. The Governor-General of India who is known as 'The maker of Modem India'? 
Lord Dalhousie 

847. University of Calcutta, Bombay, Madras were set up during the viceroyalty of 
Lord Canning 

848. Who was known as 'Babur of British India'? 
Robert Clive

849. Who was appointed as the Governor-General after the regulating act of 1773? 
Warren hastings

850. The Governor-General who organised police force in India
Lord Cornwallis 

851. Who had become the Governor-General twice 
Lord Cornwallis

852. The first Governor-General to die in harness
Lord Cornwallis 

853. Name the Governor-General who was called 'Akbar of Brit­ish India' 
Lord Wellesley

854. Who was the Governor-General when Tipu Sultan was defeated and killed in the 4th  Mysore war?
Lord Wellesley 

855. Who was the Governor Gener­al when the treaty of Amritsar was signed between Ranjith Singh and the East India Company 
Lord Minto I

856. The Governor-General during the second Mysore war
Warren Hastings 

857. Introduction of the Ryotwari settlement in Madras presi­dency by Governor Thomas Munro was during the tenure of
Lord Warren Hastings 

858. The Governor-General who suppressed the Thugs
William Bentinck 

859. Conquest and annexation of Sind (1843) was during the period of 
Lord Ellenborough 

860. Who organised the public works department in India in 1854-55? 
Lord Dalhousie 

861. Who was the Governor-General when the first telegraph line was established between Kolkata and Agra?
Lord Dalhousie 

862. The widow remarriage act (1856) was introduced during the period of 
Lord Dalhousie

863. The Governor-General when 'Woods despatch' was proposed?
Lord Dalhousie 

864. Second Sikh War and annexation of Punjab were held during the tenure of
Lord Dalhousie 

865. Who was the viceroy of India during the time of the revolt of 1857?
Lord Canning 

866. The system of the budget was introduced in India during the viceroyalty of
Lord Canning 

867. Who was the Viceroy when the Indian penal code was brought into effect? 
Lord Canning

868. The Viceroy when the doctrine of lapse was officially withdrawn
Lord Canning 

869. The only person to hold the post of Viceroy after holding the post of Governor-General
Lord Canning 

870. Indian council act of 1861 was passed during the tenure of
Lord Canning 

871. The Viceroy who introduced financial decentralisation
Lord Mayo 

872. The Viceroy who established two colleges for the education and political training of the Indian Princess 
Lord Mayo 

873. The only Viceroy who was assassinated 
Lord Mayo 

874.  Department of agriculture and commerce was established during the period of
Lord Mayo 

875. Statistical survey of India was established during the reign of
Lord Mayo 

876. Lord Mayo, the British Viceroy of India was assassinated by Sher Ali in 1872 at 
Port Blair

877. Who was the Viceroy when the first census in India was held in 1872?
Lord Mayo 

878. Who appointed the famine commission under Richard Strachy?
Lord Lytton 

879. Who introduced separate civil service for Indians? 
Lord Lytton 

880. Who introduced the Arms Act in 1878? 
Lord Lytton 

881. The Viceroy when Vernacular Press Act was introduced 
Lord Lytton 

882. The Viceroy of India during the Delhi Durbar of 1877?
Lord Lytton 

883. The Viceroy of British India who introduced 'Ilbert Bill' 
Lord Ripon

884.  Labour acts were introduced for the first time in India during the reign of
Lord Ripon 

885. Who repealed the Vernacular Press Act? 
Lord Ripon 

886. The Viceroy who resigned  after the Ilbert Bill controversy
Lord Ripon 

887. Who was the Viceroy when the first factory act was introduced?
Lord Ripon 

888. When did the Battle of Buxar happen?

889. In which year did 'Black Hole Tragedy' happened in Calcutta?

890. Who was the Viceroy when Burma (now Myanmar) was separated from India in 1937:

891. Who wrote the book England's Debt to [ndia'? 
Lajpat Rai

892. Whose demise corresponds to the date of the launching of the Non-co-operation Movement by Mahatma Gandhi (1st August 1920)? 
Bal Gangadhar Tilak

893.The Viceroy who announced the date of transfer of power to Indian hands: 

894.The founder of Calcutta Madra­sa:
Warren Hastings 

895. The first privately governed college in India: 
Fergusson College, Pune

896. Who is regarded as the pioneer of Indian Communism?
M.N. Roy 

897. The close friend of Bhagat Singh and revolutionary, who was killed in a horrific tragedy while testing a bomb on a riverbank?
Ambika Charan Vohra

898. In which year Mahatma Gandhi was nominated for Nobel Prize for the first Ume?

899. On the banks of which river, Raj Ghat, the samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi is situated?

900. Ln which year Awadh was annexed to British India? 

901. What was the name of the horse of Jhansi Rani? 

902. Name the organisation founded by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar and his brother Ganesh Damo­dar Savarkar in 1903?
Abhinav Bharat Society 

903. The number of volunteers who followed Mahatma Gandhi in the Dandi march: 

904. The organisation that was banned after the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi
RSS (Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh)

905. Where was Hindustan Social­ist Republican Association was formed in 1928? 
Feroz Shah Kotla, Delhi 

906.TI1c manifesto of which organ­isation was tilled 'The Revolu­tionary'? 
Hindustan Republican Association 

907• What was the real name of Sar­la Behn, who was a disciple of Mahatma Gandhi?
Catherine Mary Heilman 

908• What was the subject of the resolution moved by Mahatma Gandhi in the first session of the Congress he attended? 
The problems of Indians in South Africa

909• Who wrote the manifesto for Hindustan Republican Associ­ation formed in 1924?
Sachindra Nath Sanyal 

910• Yugantar Ashram was the head­quarters of which organisation? 
Ghadar Party

911• Who was the exponent of the journal Hindoo Patriot?
Girish Chandra Ghosh 

912• Which territory was obtained by the British as a royal dowry from the Portuguese?

913• Who succeeded Alivardi Khan as the Nawab of Bengal? 
Siraj Ud Daula

914• Who was appointed as the Nawab of Bengal by the British after the fall of Siraj Ud Daula? 
Mir Jafar

915• Who was appointed as the Nawab of Bengal by the British when Mir Jafar was deposed in 1763?
Mir Qasim 

916• Under which name Pacific Coast Hindustan Association was later known?
Ghadar Party

917• In which year did the Urdu journal Ghadar was started publication in San Francisco? 

918• Name the journal published by Paris Indian Society from 1909:
Bande Mataram 

919• The year of Second Lahore Con­spiracy Case: 

920• The place where Hindu Maha Sabha was formed?

921• Who laid the foundation of the campus of Benarus Hindu Uni­versity?
Lord Hardinge II 

922• Name the prominent leader of Hindu Maha Sabha who was the Vice-Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University from 1919 to 1938? 
Madan Mohan Malaviya

923• Who started the journal Pratap? 
Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi

924• Name the newspaper launched by the 'Triplicane Six' in 1878?
The Hindu 

925• The organisation was established in 1905 in Paris under the patronage of Madam Bhikaji Rustom Cama, B.H. Godrej and S.R. Rana?
Paris Indian Society 

926• Which disease affected Parchure Shastri whom Mahatma Gandhi cared for at Sevagram ashram? 

927• Who was known as 'the con­sciene keeper of Mahatma Gan­dhi': 
C. Rajagopalachari 

928• Who was the private secretary of Mahatma Gandhi till 1942: 
Mahadev Desai

929• Who started the journal Tahzib ul-Akhlaq?
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan 

930• Which treaty ended the Battle of Buxar? 
Treaty of Allahabad 

931• From which city did S.A. Dange bring out 'Socialist', one of the first communist journals in India?

932• In which Indian city did the Danes construct Fort Dansborg? 

933• In which place did Ghulam Hussain lead the communist group?

934• Madanlal made an attempt to assassinate Mahatma Gandhi on 20th January 1948 at:
New Delhi 

935• The Danes established their first Danish trading post in India in 1620 at:
Tranquebar (Tharangamba­di in Nagapattinam district of Tamil Nadu) 

936• What was the honour given to Mahatma Gandhi by the British in recognition of his contribu­tion during the Boer war? 

937• Who wrote an article entitled 'The Philosophy of Bomb' in consultation with Chandrase­ Khar Azad?
Bhagwati Charan Vohra 

938• What was the old name of Porbandar, the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi?

939• Which song was sung by Ma­hatma Gandhi and his followers during the Dandi March? 
Raghupati Raghava Rajaram

940• Who edited the Urdu paper Inquilab from Lahore?
Ghulam Hussain 

941• Who made the first communist speech at a Congress session (Gaya) in 1922?
Singaravelu Chettiar 

942• By whom a branch of the Muslim League was established at Lon­don?
Amir Ali 

943• In 1910 the headquarters of the Muslim League was shifted from Aligarh to:

944• In which year did Mahatma Gan­dhi founded All India Harijan Samaj aiming at the abolition of untouchability? 

945• In which year did Mahatma Gandhi land India after ending his stay in South Africa? 

946• In which year Mahatma Gandhi was elected as the president of the All India Home Rule League? 

947• In which year Mohammad Ali Jinnah joins the All India Muslim League? 

948• ln which year did Jinnah become the President of the Muslim League for the first time? 

949• The present-day Indian state capital which was conquered by the Indian National Army in 1944 May:

950• Which was the first headquar­ters of the Muslim League formed in 1906?

951• While in South Africa, who gave the book 'Unto this last' to Gandhiji to read?
Henry Polak 

952• Who presided over the first ses­sion of Muslim League (1906):
Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk 

953• ln which year Sati was abol­ished in Madras and Bombay presidencies? 

954• In which year Travancore joined Subsidiary Alliance:

955• The first Anglo-Mysore war was ended with the treaty of: 

956• The venue of Round Table Con­ference:

957• The weapon used by Godse to assassinate Mahatma Gandhi? 
Beretta pistol

958• The year of the Round Table Conference in which Mahatma Gandhi attended: 

959• What was called by Mahatma Gandhi as his 'two lungs'?
Truth and Non-violence 

960• What was the profession of Mahatma Gandhi's father? 

961• When India celebrated inde­pendence on August 15, 1947, Mahatma Gandhi was in: 

962• Which treaty ended the second Anglo-Mysore War?
Treaty of Mangalore (1784) 

963• Which treaty ended the third Anglo-Mysore War? 
Treaty of Srirangapatnam (1792) 

964• As C.R. Das was in prison who became the Acting President of the 1921 session of the Indian National Congress?
Hakkim Ajmal Khan

965• ln which year a Constitution was drawn up for the Indian National Congress for the first time?

966• In which session of the Indian National Congress the 1908 constitution was changed? 
1920 Nagpur

967• In which year Zamindari As­sociation, which was later re­named Landholders' Society was founded:

968• The first Secretary of the British Indian Association: 
Debendranath Tagore

969• The place that was selected by Mahatma Gandhi to break salt law: 

970• Which treaty ended the Second Anglo Maratha War:
Treaty of Bassein 

971• Who established the British India Society in England in 1839: 
William Adam

972• Who established the Zamindari Association?
Dwarkanath Tagore 

973• Who was selected as the first Satyagrahi when Mahatma Gandhi launched individual satyagraha in 1940? 
Vinoba Bhave

974• Who formed the National In­dian Association in Bristol?
Mary Carpenter 

975• Who founded the Bengal British India Society in 1843? 
George Thomson

976• Who is the biographer of Raja Ram Mohan Roy?
Mary Carpenter 

977• Who translated the biography of Mahatma Gandhi from Gujarati to English?
Mahadev Desai 

978• At which Gandhi Museum is the bloodstained dhoti preserved, which Mahatma Gandhi was wearing when he was shot dead?
Delhi Museum 

979• Mahatma Gandhi accorded very high priority to communal harmony in his programme of actions. At which place did he undertake his last fast for it on January 13, 1948?

980• Who wrote Gulamgiri?
Jyotiba Phule 

981• Name the Viceroy who refused to meet the Congress deputa­tion led by its president in 1904? 

982• Where was the headquarters of Dev Samaj founded in 1887? 

983• Name the Mughal emperor who conferred the title 'Raja' to Ram Mohun Roy:
Akbar II 

984• Who was the political guru of K. Kamaraj? 
S. Satyamurti

985• Name the Viceroy who conced­ed to the demand of separate electorate to Muslims: 
Minto II

986• Who proposed financial sup­port to Vivekananda for his voyage to Chicago? 
Maharaja of Khetri

987• Who was the secretary of Dadabhai Naoroji in the 1906 session of the Indian National Congress?
Muhammad Ali Jinnah 

988• Who was the Mughal Emperor when the presidencies of Bom­bay, Madras and Calcutta were established? 

989• Who was the Viceroy when the Criminal Procedure Code was brought into effect?

990• Rahnumai Mazdayasnan Sab­ha was founded for the reforms of:

991• Seva Sadan set up by B.M. Ma­labari worked for the welfare of ----community.

992• Who was the first Viceroy of British India?

993• In which year the Sanskrit Col­lege in Benarus was established? 

994• Who accompanied Bhagat Sin­gh to bomb Central Legislature in Delhi? 
Batukeshwar Dutt

995• Who was the Governor Gener­al when the administration of British India was transferred  from East India Company to the British Crown:

996• Who was the spokesman of un­touchables in the Round Table  Conferences?
B.R. Ambedkar 

997• Who was the Viceroy when In­dian Penal Code was brought in to effect?

998• The post of the Secretary of State for India was created in:

999• Bhagat Singh was a leader from:

1000• The Round Table Conferences were conducted as per the rec­ommendations of: 
Simon Commission
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