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Modern India- Questions & Answers Degree Level / KAS Questions and Answers (Chapter 06)

Modern India- Questions & Answers 2202 Questions and Answers - 06


Modern India Questions and Answers -06

1001• The Viceroy who appointed Police Commission under Sir Andrew Frazer to enquire into the police administration of every province:
Curzon 

1002• Who was known as the viceroy of 'reverse characters'? 
Lytton

1003• The Central Legislative Assem­bly was created by:
Govt of India Act, 1919 

1004• At the time of independence the most populous princely state was:
Hyderabad 

1005• In which state is the birthplace of C. Rajagopalachari? 
Tamil Nadu

1006• Dadabhai Naoroji served as the prime minister of which prince­ly state: 
Baroda

1007• Lyall Commission was appoint­ed during the reign of the Vice­roy: 
Lord Elgin II

1008• In which state is the birthplace of Maulana Shaukat Ali?
Uttar Pradesh 

1009• The exclusive woman force of the Indian National Army was named after:
Jhansi Rani 

1010• The first election to the Central Legislative Assembly was held in:
1920 

1011• The India Office, a British government Department was created in:
1858 

1012• The Secretary of State's Council of India was abolished by: 
Govt. of India Act, 1935

1013• Who founded the 'Samata Sainik Dal' in 1927?
B.R. Ambedkar 

1014• Who introduced the office of District Collector in 1772? 
Warren Hastings

1015• The Viceroy during the Moplah revolt of 1921:
Reading 

1016• Who was the first Chairman of the Board of Directors of the newspaper 'The Leader'? 
Motilal Nehru

1017• When 177 freedom fighters were convicted to be hanged in the Chauri-chaura case who ap­peared before the court and got acquitted 156 freedom fighters? 
Madan Mohan Malaviya

1018• Congress Radio was the broadcasting mouthpiece of the In­dian National Congress during Quit India Movement. Who organised it?
Usha Mehta 

1019• Name the residence of Mahatma Gandhi in Ahmedabad from where he began his salt Sat­yagraha in 1930:
Hriday Kunj 

1020• The Governor General who was impeached by the British Parliament: 
Warren Hastings

1021• The American president who pressured Prime Minister Winston Churchill to give in to Indian demands, during the Quit India Movement:
Franklin D. Roosevelt 

1022• The last emperor of British In­dia:
George VI 

1023• The leader who is remembered as the 'Patron Saint' of India's civil servants for establishing the modern all India services: 
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

1024• The Viceroy during the Chauri Chaura incident:
Reading 

1025• Which was the forerunner of the Central Legislative Assembly? 
Imperial Legislative Council

1026• Who coined the term 'Quit India : 
Yusuf Meherally

1027• Who was the Viceroy when Indi­an National Congress launched Quit India Movement? 
Linlithgo

1028• The leader who wrote his PhD thesis paper on the topic of Salt Satyagraha, focusing on Mahat­ma Gandhi's socio-economic theory:
Ram Manohar Lohia 

1029• The Governor General who in­troduced Sunday as the weekly holiday for government offices: 
Hardinge I

1030• The only British sovereign to attend a durbar in India:
George V 

1031• The last Viceroy of India:
Mountbatten 

1032• The summer residence of the Viceroy of India at Shimla was: 
Viceregal Lodge

1033• The title of 'Viceroy' was abol­ished in:
1947 

1034• Who became Governor General two times (1786-95, 1805)? 
Cornwallis

1035• Who became the leader of op­position in Central Legislative Assembly in 1923? 
Motilal Nehru

1036• Who coined the slogan 'Simon go back'?
Yusuf Meherally 

1037• Who gave land to construct the campus of the Banaras Hindu University? 
Kashi Naresh

1038• Who gave the name 'Hriday Kunj' to Mahatma Gandhi's residence at Ahmedabad on the Sabarmati riverbank?
Kakasaheb Kalelkar 

1039• Who played a key role in re­solving a Gandhi-B.R. Ambed­kar dispute involving separate electorates for untouchables? 
Rabindranath Tagore

1040• Who succeeded Madan Mohan Malaviya as the Vice-Chancellor of Benarus Hindu University?
Dr S. Radhakrishnan 

1041• Who was appointed as the first National Professor by the new Government of independent India?
C.V. Raman 

1042• Who raised a para-military force called Imperial Service Corps, which was offered by Indians and only inspected by British commanders? 
Dufferin

1043• Aurobindo Ghosh was a leader from:
Bengal 

1044• During whose reign did the Marathas reach maximum expansion?
Balaji Baji Rao 

1045• The freedom fighter who was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia: 
Abul Kalam Azad

1046• The leader of the poligar rebel­lion of Kurnool (1846-47):
Narasimha Reddy 

1047• The sepoy mutiny at Govindgarh was suppressed by: 
Charles Napier

1048• Who defeated Nana Saheb dur­ing the revolt of 1857?
General Havelock 

1049• Who is widely regarded as the "father of the armed struggle for India's independence"? 
Vasudev Balwant Phadke 

1050• The first British Act that envis­aged a centralised administra­tion for India: 
Regulating Act, 1773

1051• "After hearing him we feel how foolish it is to send missionaries to this learned nation" - New York Herald in 1893 made this remark while mentioning about: 
Swami Vivekananda

1052• In which state is the birthplace of C.R. Das?
Bengal 

1053• In which language Raja Ram Mohan Roy published his jour­nal 'Mirat-ul-Akhbar?
Persian 

1054• Who was the Viceroy when Clement Attlee declared the Government's decision to grant freedom to India, on 20th Feb­ruary, 1947?
Wavell 

1055• The first Arya Samaj was estab­lished on 10th April 1875 at: 
Mumbai

1056• The leader of Ramosi rebellion of Satara:
Chittur Singh 

1057• Who is popularly known as "the prophet of the cultural renais­sance of Western India"?
Mahadev Govind Ranade 

1058• The central headquarter of the Wahhabi Movement was: 
Patna

1059• The leader of the Fakir Uprising of Bengal (1776-77):
Majnu Shah 

1060• The Viceroy when the First World War was started: 
Hardinge ll

1061• Veda Samaj was founded in 1864 by: 
Sridharalu Naidu 

1062• "What began as a fight for religion, ended as a war of independence" - these remarks about the Revolt of 1857 was made by:
Dr S.N. Sen 

1063• Whom Sir Hugh Rose de­scribed "the best and bravest military leader of the rebels" of the 1857 revolt?
Rani Laxmi Bai 

1064• During the 1857 Revolt, who was betrayed by one of his friends Man Singh?
Tantia Tope 

1065• Who was born as Dhondu Pant and was a rebel Indi­ a leader during the Indian Rebellion of 1857? 
Nana Sahib

1066• Who was the commander in chief of the Mughal emperor during the Revolt of 1857? 
Bakht Khan

1067• Who has the view that the Revolt of 1857 was the strug­gle of the soldier, peasant, democratic combine against foreign as well as feudal bondage?
Karl Marx 

1068• Who considered the revolt of 1857 as a war of orthodoxy against Christianity!
L.E.R. Rees 

1069• During the revolt of 1857, Bahadur Shah was captured by the enemies from:
Humayun's Tomb 

1070• In whose opinion the Revolt of 1857 was "Wholly unpat­riotic and selfish sepoy muti­ny with no native leadership and no popular support"?
Sir John Seeley 

1071• Name the historical who stated that the Revolt of 1857 was a conflict between civi­lization and barbarism?
T.R. Holmes 

1072• During whose tenure as the Viceroy India were the great martyr's Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru hanged?
Lord Irwin 

1073• Who was the Viceroy when the first Census was held in 1872? 
Mayo

1074• Who started Nirankari Move­ment?
Dayal Das 

1075• After defeating the Marathas, the British gained control over Delhi in:
1803 

1076• In which year did the Nizam of Hy­derabad signs the Subsidiary Alliance?
1798 

1077• Who established the first cotton mill in India?
Cowasjee Nanabhoy 

1078• Who authored 'Nil Dar­pan'(1858-59)? 
Dinabandhu Mitra

1079• Who organised Translation So­ciety in 1864 which later became 'the Aligarh Scientific Society'? 
Syed Ahmed Khan

1080• Who was the Viceroy during the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre?
Chelmsford 

1081• Who started the Bengali paper 'Udbodhan'? 
Vivekananda

1082• Where did B.R. Ambedkar form his Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sab­ha?
Bombay 

1083• Who was the Chairman of the Partition Council?
Lord Mountbatten 

1084• Who applied the 'Great Firm' theory to explain the decline of the Mughal Empire?
Karen Leonard 

1085• Who opened a widow home at Pune, formed a widow remar­riage association, married a widow in 1893 and in 1916 founded a Women's University in Bombay?
Prof. D.K. Karve

1086• Who was the viceroy when the first regular census was held in 1881?
Ripon

1087• In which year Bethune School in Kolkata was established? 
1849

1088• In which session did the Indian National Congress adopt the resolution on Fundamental Rights?
Karachi (1931) 

1089• Shahu was set free from the Mughal captivity by: 
Prince Azam 

1090• Who denounced Congress as a 'microscopic minority?
Lord Dufferin 

1091• Who was the Viceroy when Prince of Wales visited India in1921?
Chelmsford 

1092• Who led the Rampa Uprising of 1922? 
Alluri Sitaram Raju

1093• In which state is the birthplace of Bal Gangadhar Tilak?
Maharashtra 

1094• ln which year Campbell Com­mission was appointed? 
1866

1095• Who led Faraizi Movement (1838)?
Haji Shariat Ullah

1096• Kittur Rani Chennamma re­volted against the British in:
Karnataka 

1097• In which state is the birthplace of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose? 
Odisha

1098• Who headed the Congress Min­istry in Madras during 1937-39?
C. Rajagopalachari 

1099• Where the first women's college in India was founded? 
Kolkata

1100• Name the historian who looks upon Shivaji as the 'most con­structive genius of medieval times? 
Jadunath Sarkar

1101• Who said, "The British rule was a bleeding drain from India"?
Dadabhai Naoroji 

1102• In which state is the birthplace of Raja Ram Mohan Roy?
Bengal 

1103• Who authored 'Asbab-i-Bagha­wat-i-Hind'! 
Syed Ahmed Khan

1104• In which year Fort William College was established by Lord Wellesley? 
1800

1105• Raja Ram Mohan Roy raised his voice and agitated against which evil custom and practice? 
Sati Pratha

1106• In which state is the birthplace of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel?
Gujarat 

1107• In which year the first All India States People's Conference was held?
1927 

1108• The party founded byT.M. Nair and Theagaraya Chetty in 1917? 
Justice Party

1109• Which was the venue of the Pabna peasant uprising:
Bengal 

1110• Which Princely State resembled 'Ramrajya' according to Mahat­ma Gandhi?
Mysore

1111• Who authored 'The Nation and its Fragments'?
Partha Chatterjee 

1112• The Governor General who can be credited for effectively subduing the last dominant challenge of Marathas in India: 
Hastings

1113• Who was the first Peshwa ruler: 
Balaji Vishwanath

1114• In which year Atmiya Sabha was founded? 
1815 

1115• In the Ahmedabad Mill Strike, Mahatma Gandhi's intervention resulted in the enhancement of wages of workers by: 
35% 

1116• In which year the Code of Civil Procedure was enacted? 
1908

1117• The first Anglo Maratha war took place during the Gover­nor Generalship of: 
Warren Hastings

1118• The Governor General who succeeded his brother-in-law Lord Ellenborough who had been recalled:
Hardinge I 

1119• The greatest Parsi reformer of the 19th century: 
Behramji Malabari

1120• Who headed the Indian Indus­trial Commission of 1915?
Sir Thomas Holland 

1121• The Indian Penal Code was passed in: 
1860 

1122• The Viceroy who survived a bomb explosion at Chandni Chowk in New Delhi in 1912:
Hardinge ll 

1123• Where was the Mahalwari system introduced? 
Agra, Awadh

1124• The English East India Com­pany set up its first factory at the eastern coast of India at: 
Masulipatnam 

1125• The Indian revolutionary who participated in Mainpuri Con­spiracy of 1918, and the Kako­ri conspiracy of 1925, and was awarded death sentence along with Ashfaqulla Khan: 
Ram Prasad Bismil 

1126• Rabindranath Tagore was born at Jorasanko Bhavan in: 
Bengal 

1127• The Indian Police Act was passed in: 
1861 

1128• Who was chosen as the Dewan of three princely states- Mysore, Jaipur and Hyderabad? 
Mirza Ismail 

1129• Who was the first president of Harijan Sevak Sangh founded by Mahatma Gandhi: 
G.D. Birla 

1130• The native state of Bipin Chan­dra Pal: 
Bengal 

1131• First Justice Party Government was formed in: 
1920 

1132• First Marathi monthly 'Digdar­shan' was published by: 
Balshastri Jambhekar 

1133• How many days did it take to complete the process of transfer of power from the British to In­dia as per the Mountbatten plan? 
72

1134• Indian National Congress took the swadeshi call first at the Benarus session, 1905. It was presided over by: 
Gopal Krishna Gokhale 

1135• Muslim League was formed at:
Dacca 

1136• The last opportunity to avoid the partition of India was lost with the rejection of:
Cabinet Mission

1137• The Secretary of State for India during the British rule was:
A British Minister gave full control over the Government of India 

1138• Who formed the British Indian Society in England to carry on propaganda in favour of India?
Dadabhai Naoroji 

1139• Who resigned from Viceroy's Executive Council in protest of the Jallianwallah Bagh Massacre?
C. Sankaran Nair 

1140• Who was appointed in 1856 as the resident of Awadh by Dalhousie to give him reports about administration?
General Outram 

1141• Chapekar Brothers in Indian history include: 
Damodar and Balkishan

1142• The first Governor General who was resigned:
Warren Hastings 

1143• Dropping the use of the title 'Emperor of India' by the Brit­ish Monarch was done by King George VI by a royal proclama­tion on: 
22 June 1948

1144• Rash Behari Bose is related to: 
Delhi Conspiracy Case

1145• The first Governor General of British India to die in harness: 
Cornwallis

1146• The first Secretary of State for India was:
Lord Stanley 

1147• Who started the journal 'Ben­galee? 
Surendranath Banerjee

1148• The publication 'Comrade' was launched by:
Muhammad Ali 

1149• During which war Gandhi organised Indian Ambulance Corps to help the British?
Boer War 

1150• In which year East India Com­pany was brought under British parliamentary control? 
1773 

1151• To protest against which Act Gandhiji conducted his first Satyagraha in South Africa:
Asiatic Law Amendment Ordinance Bill

1152• In which city May Day was cele­brated for the first time in India?
Chennai 

1153• In which year May Day was celebrated for the first time in India? 
1923 

1154• The communist activist who was popularly known as 'Kakababu'; 
Muzaffar Ahmed 

1155• The person who served as a judicial officer under the East India Company and after his re­tirement he was made a Knight Commander of the Star of India and was also nominated to the Governor General's council: 
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan

1156• Who was the Viceroy when Si­mon Commission was appoint­ed? 
Irwin

1157• The founder of All India Sched­uled Caste Federation:
B.R. Ambedkar 

1158• Who founded Ramakrishna Mission? 
Vivekananda

1159• Who founded Swatantra Party in 1959?
C. Rajagopalachari

1160• To protest against which in­cident, Gandhiji returned Kaizer-e- Hind Medal to the British? 
Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

1161• Gandhiji went to South Africa to appear in the court for the case of: 
Dada Abdulla

1162• In which year, Gandhiji was sentenced to six years impris­onment. 
1922 

1163• Who was hanged along with Surya Sen? 
Tarakeswar Dastidar

1164• Name the Governor General who was called 'Akbar of British In­dia'? 
Richard Wellesley

1165• The only woman who attended all the three Round Table Con­ferences held in London:
Begum Jahanara Shahnawaz 

1166• Who was the Viceroy of India when the Reserve Bank of India was formed in 1935?
Wellington 

1167• "Increasing association of lndi­ans in every branch of the ad­ministration and the gradual development of self-governing institutions with a view to the progressive realisation of responsible government in India as an integral part of the British Empire". The above statement is known as----- 
Montague declaration

1168• The Governor General during the second Mysore War:
Warren Hastings 

1169• 'My one-man army' who made this remark about Gandhiji?
Lord Mountbatten 

1170• The author of Hind Swaraj?
Mahatma Gandhi 

1171• The autobiography of Mahatma Gandhi: 
The Story of My Experiments with Truth

1172• The Governor General who laid the foundation of the Police force in India:
Cornwallis 

1173• The book was written by Gandhiji in l909 during his sail for London: 
Hind Swaraj

1174• The Governor General who ruled for the longest period:
Warren Hastings 

1175• In which session of Indian Na­tional Congress Gandhi and Nehru meet for the first time?
1916 Lucknow 

1176• The territory which was obtained by the British from the Raja of Chandragiri?
Madras 

1177• The author of Indian Struggle':
Subhash Chandra Bose 

1178• The first newspaper in India 'Bengal Gazelle' was started by: 
James Hickey

1179• Which organisation is regarded as the origin of the All India Muslim League? 
All India Muhammadan Edu­cational Conference 

1180• Who founded Muhammadan Educational Congress in Ali­garh 1886?
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan 

1181• Who became the Principal of the Fergusson College in I 892 and held that office till his death in 1895? 
G.G. Agarkar

1182• Who was the founder of the La­bour Kisan Party of Hindustan?
Singaravelu Chettiar (1923 May 1)

1183• Who authored the book Asar-us-Sanadid (The Rem­nants of Ancient Heroes)? 
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan

1184• The Viceroy who followed 'For­ward Policy':
Lytton 

1185• The author of'Unhappy India':
Lala Lajpat Rai 

1186• Who was the first Governor General of Bengal during the British era?
Warren Hastings 

1187• Who started 'Vanguard'?
MN Roy 

1188• Who wrote 'Essays on Gita' and 'Life Divine'? 
Aurobindo Ghosh

1189• Who wrote 'India Divided'? 
Dr Rajendra Prasad

1190• The disciples who were with Gandhiji when he passed away:
Mama and Aabha 

1191• The Federal Court of India was brought into existence in 1937 during the reign of:
Linlithgo 

1192• The first Satyagraha conducted by Gandhiji in India: 
Champaran

1193• Young India was started by: 
Mahatma Gandhi

1194.  Where Chandrasekhar Azad was killed in an encounter with Police in 1931? 
Alfred Park, Allahabad


1195.  Elections to the Constituent As­sembly was held in the year: 
1946

1196. Who designed the national flag of India?
 Pingali Venkiah

1197. Who headed the boundary commission appointed to demarcate the boundary between India and Pakistan? 
- Cyril Radcliff 

1198. India’s first newspaper Hickey’s Gazette started in:
1780

1199.  Who was at the forefront of the murder attempt of the Muzaffarpur judge Douglas Kingsford on April 30, 1908? 
Khudiram Bose, Prafulla Chandra Chaki 

1200.  Who drafted the Pakistan reso­lution in 1940 which was moved by Fazlul Haq? 
Sikander Hayat Khan

1201. The Viceroy who followed ‘Forward Policy’:
Lytton

1202. “Merely a mutiny of soldiers, which took the shape of the revolt of people in certain areas” Who said this about the Mutiny of 1857? 
Charles Raikes

1203. “The greatest son of India after Lord Buddha” who made this description about Gandhiji?
Rabindranath Tagore

1204. “The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was not one movement …. it was many”
– The above statement has been made by: 
C.A. Bayly

1205. The permission to mint and issue coins in India was first given to the British East India Company in 
1685

1206. The Peshwa who burnt the British residency at Pune: 
Baji Rao II

1207. The place that was selected by Gandhiji to break salt law: 
Dandi

1208. The place where the first war of independence was led by Kunwar Singh: 
Jagdishpur

1209. The policy of ‘Masterly Inactivity is associated with the name of the Governor-General: 
John Lawrence

1210. The political guru of Gandhiji: 
Gopala Krishna Gokhale

1211. The political guru of K.Kamaraj: 
Satyamurti

1212. The Poona Pact (1932) upheld : 
Joint elector-ate with reserved seats for the scheduled

1213. The portfolio held by Dr Rajendra Prasad in the interim government formed in 1946: Food and Agriculture

1214. The Portuguese East India Company was founded in: 
1628

1215. The position of the Peshwas became hereditary during the reign of: 
Sahu

1216. The post of the Secretary of State for India was created in: 
1858

1217. The president of the Swaraj Party was: 
C.R.Das

1218. The princely states that did not sign the Instrument of Accession by 15th  August 1947 were Kashmir, Hyderabad and _____. 
Junagarh

1219. The publication launched by Bal Gangadhar Tilak in the Marathi language: 
Kesari

1220. The publication launched by Barindrakumar  Ghosh and Bhupendernath Dutt in 1906:
Yugantar

1221. The publication launched by the British Committee of INC in 1890:
India

1222. The publication started by Gandhiji in 1933:
Harijan

1223. The publication started by Gandhiji in South Africa:
Indian Opinion

1224. The Quit India Day coincides with the anniversary of _____.
Kakori train robbery

1225.  “We do not ask favours, we only want justice”, these were the words of .............
Dadabhai Naoroji

1226. “What began as a fight for religion, ended as a war of independence’-this remarks about the Revolt of 1857 was made by: 
Dr S.N.Sen

1227. The Viceroy during the Second Afghan War of
(1878-80): Lytton

1228. The Viceroy during the Second and Third Round Table Conference: 
Wellington

1229. The Viceroy of British India who resigned over the question of Egypt:  
Ripon

1230. Adayar was the famous centre and headquarters of the: 
Theosophical Society

1231. The venue of the 1939 session of the Indian National Congress? 
Tripuri

1232. After independence, in which type of state former rulers were appointed as ‘Rajapramukh’ to head the administration? 
Part B

1233. After matriculation, which college did Gandhiji join? 
Samaldas College

1234. After the Surat split of 1907, the second split of Indian National Congress took place in 1918 on the issue of: 
Montague Declaration

1235. The Viceroy who appointed Hunter Commission to inquire into education: 
Ripon

1236. After the withdrawal of the non-cooperation movement, the Congress was divided into: 
Pro-changers and no-changers

1237. Against what laws did Gandhiji along with other non-whites raise his voice in South Africa? 
Apartheid laws

1238. As per the resolution adopted by the Committee of All Parties Conference on 19th May 1928 who was made the chairman to consider and determine the principles of the Constitution of India?
Motilal Nehru

1239. Ashfaqulla Khan was sentenced to death in connection with: 
Kakori Case

1240. Asiatic Society of Bengal was established in: 
1784

1241. At the battle of Biddera the English crushed the power of ___: 
Dutch

1242.  At the earlier stage, backward classes movement means? 
Non-Brahmin movement

1243. At the meeting held at ____ on 12th  February 1922, the AICC decided to suspend the non-cooperation movement  in view of Chauri Chaura incidents: 
Bardoli

1244. At the time of independence the most populous princely state was: 
Hyderabad

1245. At what age did Gandhiji get married? 
13 years

1246. At what age did Gandhiji decide to adopt brahmacharya? 
37

1247. At which Congress session was the Working Committee authorised to launch the programme of Civil Disobedience? 
Lahore 1929

1248. At which Gandhi Museum is the bloodstained dhoti preserved, which Gandhiji was wearing when he was shot dead? 
Delhi Museum

1249. At whose advice Dayanand Saraswati changed his medium of speech to Hindi and started wearing regular clothes instead of remaining bare-bodied?
Keshab Chandra Sen

1250. Atmiya Sabha was founded in: 
1815
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