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Modern India - 2200 Questions & Answers Degree Level / KAS Questions and Answers (Chapter 08)

Modern India- 2022 Questions & Answers Chapter - 08

Modern India Questions and Answers -08

1501. Porbandar, the birthplace of Gandhiji is famous as the birthplace of which epic character?

1502. Postal System was introduced in 1853 by:

1503. Punjab was annexed to British India in 1849 by:
Lord Dalhousie

1504. Rabindranath Tagore got a knighthood in: 

1505. Radha Swami cult was established by: 
Shiv Dayal

1506. Raghnumai Mazdayasuan Sabha was founded for the reforms of: 

1507. Raj Ghat, the samadhi of Gandhiji is on the banks of: 

1508. Raja Ram Mohan Roy raised his voice and agitated against which evil custom and practice?
Sati Pratha

1509. Raja Ram Mohan Roy was born on May 22, 1772, in village Radhanagar in the District of Hooghly in ……

1510. Rajendra Lahiri was hanged in connection with: 
Kakori case

1511. The committee was appointed in 1927 to examine financial and economic relationships existing between British India and the Indian States:
Butler Committee

1512. The Communist Party of India was founded in ……………on 17 October 1920, soon after the Second Congress of the Communist International.:

1513.The community of Gandhiji: 

1514. The Company lost all its administrative powers……… 
By the Government of India Act of 1858

1515. The concept of ‘Daridranarayan’ later on popularised by Mahatma Gandhi, had its origin in: 

1516. The Congress at which Gandhiji and Nehru met for the first time was that of 1916. It was held at:

1517. The Congress delegates in the Shimla Conference was led by:
Maulana Azad

1518. The Congress Ministry in Madras during 1937 - 39 was headed by C.

1519. The Congress session which ratified the Gandhi-Irwin Pact was held at:

1520.The Viceroy when the Muslim League was formed in 1906:
Minto II

1521.The famous novelist who was one of the first two graduates of Calcutta University in 1858:
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee

1522. The famous Ripon Resolution of 1882 is closely related to:
Local Self Government

1523.The father of Gandhiji: 
Karam Chand Gandhi

1524.The father of Revolutionary thought in India:
Bipin Chandra Pal

1525. The Federal Court of India was brought into existence in 1937 during the reign of:

1526. The first ‘Shakha’ of Rashtriya Swayam Sevak Sangh (R.S.S.) was started in:

1527. The first All India Conference of the Forward Bloc was held in 1940 at:

1528.The first and last Indian to become the Governor-General of independent India: 

1529. The first Anglo Maratha war took place during the Governor-Generalship of:
Warren Hastings

1530. The first annual conference of the National Indian Association was held at:

1531. The first Arya Samaj was established on 10th April 1875 at: 

1532.The first Bengali political drama which presented the story of the brutality of English indigo planters was: 
Neel Darpan

1533.The first chief justice of Calcutta High Court:
Barnes Peacock

1534.The first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Calcutta: 
Elijah Impey

1535. The first conference of All India States People’s Conference was in: 

1536.The first countrywide agitation launched by Gandhiji in India: 
Non-Cooperation movement

1537.The first educational institute was established by the East India Company’s government. Calcutta Madrassa

1538. The first election to the Central Legislative Assembly was held in:

1539.The first English nobleman to come to India to undertake the office of Governor-General:

1540. The first European factory in India was set up at:

1541.The first European power to break the monopoly of the Portuguese monopoly in the east: 
The Netherlands

1542. The first foreigner to become the president of INC? 
George Yule

1543. The first fort which the British constructed in India was:

1544. The first French factory in India was established at Surat (1667) by: 
Francois Caron

1545.The first General Secretary of All India Trade Union Congress: 
Dewan Chaman Lal

1546.The first Governor-General of Independent India:

1547.The first Governor-General of Pakistan:
Muhammad Ali Jinnah

1548.The first Governor-General to die in harness:

1549.The first Governor-General who was resigned:
Warren Hastings

1550. The first headquarters of Hindu Mahasabha was Haridwar.  During the presidentship of Lala Lajpat Rai, it was transferred to ______ in 1925. 

1551. The first modern trade union in India was founded in 1918 by: 
BP Wadia

1552.The first Muslim to become the president of the Indian National Congress:
Badruddin Tyabji

1553. The first National Planning Committee was constituted at the instance of Subhas Bose in:

1554. The first newspaper in India ‘Bengal Gazette’ was started by: 
James Hickey

1555.The first occupant of ‘Viceregal Palace’: 

1556.The first person to have appeared in the stamp of independent India: 
Mahatma Gandhi

1557.The first piece of Indian soil on which the English exercised sovereign authority: 
Island of Bombay

1558.The first piece of territory acquired by the English in India: 

1559. The first political organisation in modern India was founded in 1838. Its name was: Landholder’s Association

1560.The first population census in India by Mayo: 

1561. The first president of the Muslim League was: 
Nawab Salimulla Khan

1562.The correct spelling of which word was unknown to Gandhiji when a school inspector conducted a dictation test in his childhood? 

1563. The credit of victory of Porto Novo goes to the British General: 

1564. The Dutch who discovered commercial possibilities in India and whose book caused a sensation in the western world are:

1565.The educational system propounded by Mahatma Gandhi: 
Nayee Talim

1566. The English daily ‘The Bengali’ was started by:
Surendra Nath Banerjee

1567. The first session of INC was held in: 

1568. The first session of the Constituent Assembly was held in: 

1569. The first Shivaji Festival was in: 

1570.The first son of Gandhiji: 

1571.The First Surveyor General of India and Scottish antiquarian who visited Vijayanagara in 1799:
Colin Mackenzie

1572. The first Swadeshi dacoity or robbery was organised in the year 1906 in : 

1573.The first thinker of militant nationalism who through his series of articles entitled ‘New Lamps for Old’ propounded his ideology: 
Aurobindo Ghosh

1574.The first to become Law Member of Governor General’s Council: 
Thomas Babington Macaulay

1575.The first to start a portfolio system: 

1576.The first Viceroy of India: 

1577. The first war of Independence in India lasted for almost: 
Two years

1578. The first women’s college in India was founded in: 

1579. The first English settlement in the Presidency known as Western Presidency was in 1618 at ______. 

1580.The foreign traveller who dedicated his major writings to Louis XIV, the king of France: Bernier

1581. The fortnightly journal ‘Indian Mirror’ was started in 1861 by: 
Keshab Chandra Sen

1582.The founder of ‘Mahila Rashtriya Sangh’: 
Lathika Ghosh

1583.The founder of ‘Paris Indian Society’: 
Madam Bhikaji Cama

1584. The founder of ‘Sathysodhak Samaj’: 
Jotiba Phule

1585.The founder of All India Scheduled Caste Federation: 
BR Ambedkar

1586.The founder of Arya Samaj: 
Dayanand Saraswati

1587.The founder of the Asiatic Society of Bengal in 1784?
William Jones

1587. The founder of Bharat Stree Mahamandal in Allahabad in 1910: 
Sarladevi Chaudhurani

1588.The Viceroy to whom Gandhiji wrote a letter in 1930 putting him before an eleven-point programme? 

1589.The founder of Calcutta Madrasa: 
Warren Hastings

1590.The founder of Dravida Munnetra Kazhakom:

1591.The freedom fighter on whose 50th birthday India got independence? 
Aurobindo Ghosh

1592.The freedom fighter who admired movies and supported Dadasaheb Phalke in his attempts to create a Swadeshi cinema: 
Bal Gangadhar Tilak

1593.The freedom fighter who was the only student to obtain his MRCP and FRCS in one year: 

1594.The French commander who was taken as a prisoner in the Battle of Wandewash:

1595. The Government of India Act 1919 had introduced the system of _____ to govern the provinces of British India. 

1596. The Government of India passed the Prevention of Seditious Meeting Act in: 

1597.The Governor-General during the ‘Nandakumar Episode’: 
Warren Hastings

1598.The Governor-General during the second Mysore War: 
Warren Hastings

1599.The Governor-General when the Treaty of Seringapatam was signed in 1792 between Tipu and the British: 

1600.The Governor-General when ‘Wood’s Despatch’ was proposed: 

1601.The Governor-General who abolished the titles of Carnatic Nawab and Raja of Tanjore and refused pension to Nana Saheb:
Lord Dalhousie

1602.The Governor-General who annexed Satara to British India, the first princely state to be annexed to British India under Doctrine of Lapse:

1603.The Governor-General who appointed the first Law Commission: 
William Bentinck

1604.The Governor-General who brought the General Service Enlistment Act, 1856: 
Lord Canning

1605.The Governor-General who died at Ghazipore on the Ganges River where his grave and monument are still maintained by the Indian government:

1606.The Governor-General who established a Board of Revenue to improve the system of revenue administration: 
Warren Hastings

1607.The Governor-General who founded the Royal Asiatic Society: 
Warren Hastings

1608.The Governor-General who had begun his career as a clerk in East India Company in 1750:
Warren Hastings

1609.The Governor-General who had lost his left hand in the Napoleonic wars: 
Hardinge I

1610.The Governor-General who in 1849 decided that, after the death of Bahadur Shah II, his successor would vacate the Red Fort at Delhi and move to a small house near Qutb Minar?

1611. The Governor-General who inaugurated New Delhi on 18th January 1927:  

1612.The Governor-General who introduced Sunday as the weekly holiday for government offices:
Hardinge I

1613.The Governor-General who laid the foundation of the Police force in India: 

1614.The Governor-General who made English as the medium of instruction: 
William Bentinck

1615.The Governor-General who made Shimla the summer capital of British India: 

1616.The Governor-General who ordered that the successors of Bahadur Shah II would forfeit the title of kingship and be entitled as princes?

1617.The Governor-General who passed General Service EnlistmentAct which decreed that all future recruits for the Bengal army would have to give the undertaking to serve anywhere if their services might be required by the Government: 

1618.The Governor-General who ruled for the longest period: 
Warren Hastings

1619.The Governor-General who succeeded his brother-in-law Lord Ellenborough who had been recalled: 
Hardinge I

1620.The Governor-General who suppressed Pindaris:

1621.The Governor-General who suppressed the Thugs: 
William Bentinck

1622.The Governor-General who visited Allahabad to review the working of Mahalwari Land Revenue System of: 
Lord William Bentinck

1623.The Governor-General who was a British general during the American War of Independence:

1624.The Governor-General who was impeached by the British Parliament: 
Warren Hastings

1625.The grandfather of Gandhiji: 
Uttamchand Gandhi

1626. The Great Bengal Famine of ______ took a heavy toll of life and might be called “more man-made than an act of God” -

1627. The greatest French Governor in India was:

1628.The greatest Parsi reformer of the 19th century:
Behramji Malabari

1629.The headquarters of Navjeevan trust established by Gandhiji in 1929: 

1630. The idea of holding the Round Table Conference for a new constitutional framework for India was first mooted by: 
Swaraj Party

1631.The ideal state envisaged by Gandhiji: 
Ram Rajya

1632.The immediate cause of the 1857 revolt: 
Introduction of Enfield rifle

1633.The importance of 19th July 1905 in Indian History: 
Announcement of the partition of Bengal

1634.The importance of 22nd October 1764 in Indian History: 
Battle of Buxar

1635.The importance of 23rd June 1757 in Indian History: 
Battle of Plassey

1636.The importance of 5th February 1922 in the history of India: 
Chauri Chaura incident

1637. The INA troops surrendered before the British army in _____.

1638.The incident responsible for Kakori Conspiracy The case was occurred in: 

1639.The incident which compelled Gandhiji to repeal the non-cooperation movement? 
Chauri-Chaura incident

1640. The India Office, a British government Department was created in:

1641. The Indian Association formed an important role in arousing national consciousness through the formation of: 
Indian National Conference

1642. The Indian association was established in 1876 in: 

1643. The Indian Industrial Commission of 1915 was headed by: 
Sir Thomas Holland

1644. The Indian National Army had three fighting brigades named after Gandhiji, Azad and _____.

1645. The Indian National Congress officially adopted the ‘drain theory’ in its session held in the year: 

1646.The Indian Opinion published by Gandhiji related to the organisation: 
Natal Indian Congress

1647. The Indian Penal Code was passed in: 

1648. The Indian Police Act was passed in: 

1649.The institution in England where Gandhiji studied law : 
Inner Temple

1650.The Irish woman who claimed herself to have been a Hindu in her previous life and lectured different parts of India, defending and glorifying Hinduism? 
Annie Besant

1651. The journal ‘Bahishkrit Bharat’ was started by:

1652.The journal published by Gandhiji in South Africa:
Indian Opinion

1653. The journals ‘Al Hilal’ and ‘Al Balal’ were launched by: 
Abul Kalam Azad

1654.The jurist who gave a verdict in the Gandhi assassination Case:
Atmacharan Aggarwal

1655.The largest princely state at the time of independence in terms of area:

1656.The last emperor of British India: 
George VI

1657.The last Governor-General of East India Company: 

1658.The viceroy of India who was a poet, novelist and an essayist of repute: 
Lord Lytton

1659. The last opportunity to avoid the partition of India was lost with the rejection of: 
Cabinet Mission

1660.The last sovereign Nawab of Bengal: 
Siraj ud Daula

1661.The last Viceroy of British India: 

1662.The last Viceroy of India: 

1663.The last words of Gandhiji: 
Hey Ram

1664.The leader of Ahom’s revolt 1828: 
Gomdhar Konwar

1665.The leader of the Fakir Uprising of Bengal (1776-77):
Majnu Shah

1666.The leader of modern India who embraced Buddhism in the later years of his life: 
BR Ambedkar

1667.The leader of the national movement whose birthday is August 15: 
Aurobindo Ghosh

1668. The leader who was known as the ‘Mango of Salem’: 

1669.The leader who wrote his PhD thesis paper on the topic of Salt Satyagraha, focusing on Gandhiji’s socio-economic theory: 
Ram Manohar Lohia

1670.The leader whom the extremists called ‘faint-hearted moderate’? 
Gopal Krishna Gokhale

1671.The longest act enacted by the British Parliament for the administration of India? Govt. of India Act 1935

1672. The longest-running parallel government formed during Quit India Movement was in:

1673. The Mac Donnel Commission was related with:

1674. The main cause of schism in Brahmo Samaj of India was the early marriage of the daughter of ____ to the Maharaja of Cooch Behar. 
Keshav Chandra Sen

1675. The main cause of the war between the Mir Kasim and East India Company was a dispute regarding the: 
collection of revenues

1676.The main feature of the Govt. of India Act 1935:
Provincial autonomy

1677. The Maratha Chief, Sambaji was executed during the reign of:

1678. The Marathas signed the treaty of Salbai in 1782 with the English at the instance of :

1679. The minimum age for the worker, to be employed in a factory, was fixed through the first Factory Act. What was the minimum age?

1680.The moderates who had walked out of the Indian National Congress in 1918constituted themselves into the National Liberal League, which was later known as:
All India Liberal Federation

1681. The monastic name ‘Dayanand’ was given to Mul Sankar by:

1682. The Montague - Chelmsford Reforms was published on July 8, _____.

1683.The monument that was built to commemorate the soldiers who lost their lives in World War I:
India Gate

1684.The mother of Mahatma Gandhi: 
Putli Bhai

1685.The movement was founded by Dadoba Pandurang and Bal Shashtri Jambhekar of Maharashtra in 1849:
Paramhansa Mandali

1686.The movement was founded by Muhammad Qasim Nanautavi and Rashid Ahmed Gangohi in 1867:
Deoband Movement

1687.The Mughal emperor who conferred the title ‘Raja’ to Ram Mohun Roy:
Akbar II

1688.The Mughal emperor who earned the nickname ‘Rangila’ due to his addition to wine and women:
Muhammad Shah

1689.The Music Director of the film ‘Gandhi’:
Pandit Ravisankar

1690. The mutiny of 1857 failed because: 
Of the lack of proper planning and leadership

1691. The name of Colonel Sleeman is associated with:
The abolition of Thuggees

1691. The name of the farmer as per whose constant request, Gandhiji reached Champaran to help the indigo farmers?
Rajkumar Shukla

1692.The national headquarters of the Indian Home Rule League founded by Bal Gangadhar Tilak:

1693. The Naval Mutiny of 1946 began on:
18th February 1946

1694. The Naval Mutiny of 1946 began with the strike of the naval staff of the ship: 
INS Talwar

1695. The Nehru Report was prepared by a committee of the All Parties Conference chaired by : 
Motilal Nehru

1696. The newspaper ‘Rast Goftar’ propagated the message of an organisation that stood for the reforms of: 

1697. The nickname of the English East India Company was:
John Company

1698. The non-cooperation movement of Mahatma Gandhi came to an end on: 
12th February 1922

1699.The number of volunteers who followed Mahatma Gandhi in Dandi March: 

1700. The number of policemen killed by the mob in the Chauri Chaura incident:

1701. The office of Peshwa became independent during the reign of:

1702.The official name of the Simon Commission: 
Indian Statutory Commission

1703.The only annexation effected by Lord William Bentinck:

1704.The only British sovereign to attend a durbar in India:
George V

1705.The only jew to become the Viceroy of India:

1706.The only Keralite to become the president of INC:
Sankaran Nair

1707.The only Viceroy who was assassinated: 

1708.The organisation founded by GG Agarkar, MG Ranade and VG Chiplunkar in 1885? Deccan Education Society

1709.The organisation that was banned after the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi’:

1710.The organiser of ‘Dharma Sabha’: 
Radha Kant Deb

1711.The original name of Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa? 
Gadhadhar Chatterjee

1712.The original name of Swami Shraddhanand:
Mahatma Munshi Ram

1713. The parallel government in Balia during the Quit India Movement was led by: 
Chittu Pandey

1714.The party founded by T. M. Nair and Theagaroya Chetty in 1917? 
Justice Party

1715.‘’The Peasant and the Raj’’ is work of ……….
Eric Stokes

1716. The period mentioned in the autobiography of Mahatma Gandhi is from childhood to: 

1717.The period of the second round of the Civil Disobedience Movement: 

1718. The Permanent Settlement was enforced in ___

1719. The Radical Democratic Party was formed in 1940 by: 

1720. The real control of the Indian Government was passed into the hands of the President of the Board of Control by passing the: 
Act of 1784

1721.The real name of Mira Behn, the disciple of Gandhiji: 
Madeleine Slade

1722. The repeated invasion and plundering of Nadir Shah gave a death blow to: 
Mughal Empire

1723. The resolution passed by Indian National Congress in ____ at its Madras Session lay down that the declaration of Fundamental Rights should be the basis of the future Constitution of India.

1724.The retired British civil servant who was instrumental in the formation of the Indian National Congress in 1885:
AO Hume

1725.The revolutionary leader who later turned into an ascetic? 
Aurobindo Ghosh

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