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Constitution of India- Questions and Answers 9

Constitution of India- Questions and Answers 9

1401. Who was the first Indian member of the House of Lords? 
S.P. Sinha

1402. Which Prime Minister of India imposed President Rule more times? 
Indira Gandhi

1403. The famous painter who was en­trusted with the task of beauti­fying the original manuscript of the Constitution? 
Nandalal Bose

1404. The financial emergency is de­clared by the President on which ground? 
Credit/Goodwill is under threat

1405. The Constitutional Validity of the laws passed by the states and the parliament is decided by the Supreme Court 

1406. Article 148 of the Indian constitution deals with CAG 

1407. Article 112 - budget, Article 108 - Joint Sitting of Parliament,  Article 148 - Comptroller and Auditor General, Article 324 - Election Commission, Article 368 - Amendment of Constitution by  Parliament.

1408.  Article 19(1) to 'Freedom (a) is related to Speech and expression'. 

1409. Article 24 - Prohibits employment of children below the age of 14  years in any factory, mine or other hazardous activities. 

1410. Article 243 A deals with Grama Sabha. 

1411. Article 280 of the constitution deals with Finance Commission. It is a Constitutional body appointed by the President every five years. 

1412. Article 3 of the Indian Constitution deals with the formation of new states 

1413. Article 39 ( d) - Equal pay for equal work for men and women. 

1414. Article 47 - Prohibition of liquor 

1415. Article 48 -Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry 

1416. Article 48A of the constitution is based on the Wild Life Act of the country.

1417. At present, the Right to property is a legal right (Article 300A)

1418. B. Shankaranand was Chairman of the first JPC. 

1419. By the 42nd Constitutional  Amendment Act of 1976, a list of 10 Fundamental Duties was inserted into the Constitution. 

1420. Certiorari: It means 'to be certified' or 'to be informed'. It is issued by the Supreme Court or High Courts to a lower court or a tribunal to transfer a case, pending before the latter, to the higher court for review. 

1421. Chairman of 14th Finance Commission (2015-2020) 
- Y.V.  Reddy.

1422. Chairman of the first Finance Commission 
- K.C. Neyogi (1951)

1423. Chairman of Union Public Service Commission 
- Deepak Gupta

1424. Chairperson of Kerala Women's Commission 
- K.C. Rosakkutty

1425. Chairperson of National Commission for Women 
- Lalitha Kumaramangalam

1426. The cover page of the Indian constitution was designed by 
- Nandalal Bose

1427. Cyber laws are listed in the concurrent list.

1428. The dowry Prohibition Act was passed by the parliament in 1961.

1429. Dr B.R. Ambedkar was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee 

1430. The duration of zero hours in Lok Sabha is one hour. 

1431. Ex-officio chairman of NITI Aayog
- Prime Minister 

1432. 'Father of Lok Sabha' 
- G.V. Mavlankar 

1433. 'Father of Rajya Sabha' 
- Dr S.Radhakrishnan 

1434. First CAG of India 
- V. Narahari Rao 

1435. First Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha
- M.A. Ayyankar 

1436. First Finance Minister to present a budget in the Lok Sabha is C.D. Deshmukh in 1952.

1437. The first JPC was formed in 1987 to investigate Bofors Scandal. 

1438. First Voter of Independent India
- Shyam Saran Negi 

1439. First woman Advocate in India
- Cornelia Sorabji

1440. The first Budget of the Republic of India was presented by John Mathai on 28th February 1950.

1441. The First Deputy Prime Minister who resigned from the post 
- Morarji Desai 

1442. The first Labour minister of Independent India 
- Babu Jagjivan Ram 

1443. The first male member of the National Commission for women 
- Alok Rawat 

1444. The first non-parliament member to become the Prime Minister of India 
- P.V. Narasimha Rao 

1445. The first Non-Portfolio Minister of Independent India 
- N. Gopalaswami Ayyangar 

1446. The first person who addressed the constituent assembly was
Acharya J.B. Kripalani 

1447. The first President elected unopposed 
- Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy 

1448. The first President to cast his vote in the Assembly election 
- A.P.J. AbdulKalam 

1449. The first President to cast his vote in the Lok Sabha election 
- K.R. Narayanan 

1450. The first President to die in Harness 
- Zakir Hussain 

1451. The first president to use the pocket veto in India
- Gyani Zail Singh 

1452. The first Rajya Sabha member to become the Prime Minister of India 
- Indira Gandhi 

1453. The first recognised opposition leader in the Lok Sabha 
- Dr Ram Subhag Singh 

1454. The first recognised opposition leader in the Rajya Sabha 
- S.N. Mishra 
1455. The first speaker of Lok Sabha, who died in harness 
- G. V. Mavlankar 

1456. The four pillars of the Indian constitution 
- Election Commission, Supreme Court, CAG and Public Service Commission. 

1457. The Governor can grant pardon under Article 161 of the constitution, in all cases related to state law.

1458. The Lok Sabha Speaker who later became the President of India 
- Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy 

1459. The Malayalee who represented United Provinces in the Constituent 
Assembly was Dr John Mathai

1460. The nomination of a presidential candidate must be signed by 50 members as proposers and another 50 members as seconders.

1461. The only one person to get elected as President of India after counting second preferential votes 
- V.V.Giri 

1462. The only one person who held the post of the President, Vice President and the Chief Justice of India 
- M. Hidayattullah 

1463. The only one Vice President to die in harness 
- Krishan Kant (2002 July 27)

1464. The only Vice President who lost the presidential election 
- Bhairon Singh Shekhawat 

1465. The original constitution of India was handwritten by
- Prem Behari Narain Raizada

1466. The PAC examines the audit reports of the CAG.

1467. The Panchayati Raj System came into existence by the 73rd Constitutional Amendment. 

1468. The parliament is responsible to make changes in the name and boundaries of the states.

1469. The present Constitution consists of 448 Articles, 12 Schedules and 25 parts 

1470. The President can grant pardon, to a convicted person, under Article 72 of the constitution

1471. The President who translated Plato's Republic into the Urdu language
- Zakir Hussian 

1472. The President who was elected with the least majority of votes 
- V.V. Giri 

1473. The Prime Minister who extended the term of the Lok Sabha from 5 years to 6 years 
- Indira Gandhi 

1474. The Prime Minister who reduced the voting age to 18 years 
- Rajiv Gandhi

1475. The pro-term speaker of Lok Sabha is appointed by 
- the President.

1476. The schedule of the constitution which deals with anti-defection law is X. 

1777. The second President to die in harness 
- Fakrudin Ali Ahmed 

1478. The sixth JPC was constituted in 2013 to inquire into the allegations in the acquisition of VVIP Helicopters by the ministry of defence from Agusta Westland.

1479. The state in which President's rule was implemented the most number of times:
Manipur 

1480. The State which was under President's rule for the longest duration 
- Punjab

1481. The Vice President can be removed by a resolution of the Rajya Sabha passed by an absolute majority and agreed to by the Lok Sabha.

1482. The word 'Lokpal' was coined by 
Dr L.M. Singvi (1963)

1483. The writ of Habeas Corpus is known as the protector of personal freedom. 

1484. The writ of Mandamus cannot be issued against a private individual. 

1485. There are 22 members in the PAC (15 from Lok Sabha and 7 from Rajya Sabha). 

1486. There were 17 women members in the constituent assembly 

1487. Total elected members in the constituent Assembly 296 

1488. Under Article 356, President can proclaim a State Emergency 

1489. Veto Power of the President (Article- 111) 
1490. 'Without fear or favour' is written by Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy

1491. World's first solar-powered parliament - Pakistan's Parliament

1492. Zero Hour starts immediately after the question hour and lasts until the agenda for the day is taken up. Usually, it is from 12 pm to 1 pm. Zero hours was introduced in India. 

1493. Borrowed Ideas
1. Rights during Emergency - Germany
2. Judicial Review - USA 
3. Impeachment - USA 
4. Functions of Vice President - USA 
5. Nomination of members to the Rajya Sabha - Ireland
6. Concurrent List - Ireland
7. Joint sitting - Australia

1494. The first woman to be nominated to the Lok Sabha 
- Majorio Godfrey 

1495. First woman to be nominated to the Rajya Sabha 
- Rukmini Devi Arundale

1496. First women Speaker of Lok Sabha (15th Lok Sabha) 
- Meera Kumar

1497. Forty-second constitutional Amendment Act of 1976 is known as 
Mini - Constitution 

1498. Fundamental Duties are modelled on the erstwhile constitution of the USSR. It was inserted into the Indian Constitution on the recommendation of the Swaran Singh Committee. 

1499. Jayanthi Patnaik is the first Chairperson of NCW 

1500. Justice is the word that appears first in the Preamble of the Indian Constitution.

1501. Lame-duck-session is the last session of the existing Lok Sabha after a new Lok Sabha has been elected.

1502. Longest-serving Chief Election Commissioner of India 
- K. V.K. Sundaram

1503. Longest Serving Defence Minister of India 
- A.K. Antony

1504. Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan was founded in Rajasthan. It was founded by Aruna Roy along with Shankar Singh and Nikhil Dey.

1505. Morarji Desai is the finance minister who presented a maximum number of budgets (10 budgets) in the parliament.

1506. 'My Presidential Years' was written by R. Venkata Raman

1507. National Education Day is observed on the birthday of Moulana Abdul KalamAzad 

1508. National Flag is adopted on
- July 22, 1947 

1509. National Song is adopted on 
- January 24, 1950 

1510. National Voters day 
- January 25. 

1511. NHRC is established on 12th October 1993 under the provisions of the Protection of Human Rights Act 1993. 

1512. One more fundamental Duty was added by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act 2002. Thus now there are 11 fundamental duties. 

1513. The organization of Village Panchayat is mentioned in Article 40. 

1514. P.C. Mahalanobis is called the father of Indian Budget. 
1515. Part IV (Articles 36 to 51) of the Constitution deals with the Directive Principle of state policy

1516. The preamble is called Heart and Soul of the constitution 
- Thakur Das Bhargav 

1517. The preamble is called an Identity Card
- N .A. Palkivala 

1518. The preamble is called Soul and key to the Constitution 
- Jawaharlal Nehru

1519. Promotion of International Peace and Security is entitled in Article 51. 

1520. The railway budget was separated from the General Budget on the recommendation of the Acworth Committee Report ( 1921) in 1924. 

1521. Rajya Sabha is constituted under Article 80 of the constitution 

1522. Right to constitutional remedies has been described by Dr Ambedkar as the 'Heart and Soul' of the Constitution. 

1523. Right to Education Act 2009 came into force on 1st April 2010 

1524. Right to Education became a Fundamental Right by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2002 (93rd Bill) 

1525. Right to Life and Personal Liberty (Article 21) 

1526. S.K. Dhar was the chairman of the Linguistic Provinces Commission appointed by the Govt. of India in 1948. 

1527. Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) Act was passed by the parliament in 1989 and it came into force on the 30th January 1990.

1528. Second women speaker of Lok Sabha 
- Sumitra Mahajan (16th Lok Sabha) 

1529. The story of My Life 
- Morarjee Desai 

1530. 'Travelling Through Conflict' -written by 
- Hamid Ansari 

1531. Telangana is the 29th State of India. It came into being on 2nd June 2014. 

1532. The preamble has been amended only once 

1533. Govt. of India Act, 1935 is known as the 'Blueprint of Indian Constitution' 

1534. The Article which deals with the universal adult franchise - Article 326

1535. The Chairman of the PAC is appointed by the speaker and he is invariably from Lok Sabha and from the opposition party.

1536. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court gets a monthly salary of one lakh (Salary of Judge, Supreme Court - 90,000/-)

1537. The concept of Lokpal was suggested by Ashoke Kumar Sen

1538. The Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949 

1539. The death anniversary of B.R. Ambedkar is celebrated in India as 'Mahaparinirvan Di was' (6th December) 

1540. The demand for creating Ombudsman in India was initially put forward by K.M. Munshi (1960) 

1541. The election of the Speaker and Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha is listed in Article 93.

1542. The first budget of free India was presented by R.K. Shanmukham Chetty on 26th November 1947 

1543. Joint Sitting (Article - 108) 
1. Dowry Prohibition Bill - 1961
2. Banking Service Commission (Repeal) Bill - 1978 
3. POTA Bill (Prevention of Terrorism Act) - 2002 

1544. The demand for a constituent assembly was initiated by the Congress at the Faizpur session 

1545. Faizpur session of the Congress was in 1936

1546. Indian constitution is a combination of both rigidity and flexibility

1547. The constitution states India as a union of states

1548. The Councils Act 1861 is known as the prime charter of the Indian constitution

1549. The preamble of the Indian constitution is known as the soul of the Indian constitution

1550. K.C. Where called the Indian constitution as quasi-federal

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